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ground, “built by the Lord of the Page 108 contains the ninth picIlill for the relief and security of pil. ture, representing Vanity Fair, with grims ;” and the porter, Watchful, Christian and Faithful' in chains. is standing at the door. The follow. The following lines are under it :ing lines are under this picture : “Behold Vanity Fair! the pilgrims there “Difficulty is behind, Fear is before,
Are cliain'd, and stow'd beside ; Tho' he's got on the hill the lions roar:
Even so it was our LORD past here, A Christian man never long at ease,
And on Mount Calvary dy'd." When one fright's gone, another doth him
Page 117 (p. 119 in my copy) con
tains the tenth picture, representing Page 53 (p. 49 in my copy) con
Christian and Faithful arraigned at tains the sixth picture, representing the bar of Judge Hats-good, with Christian retracing his steps to the
the following lines under it :arbour on the side of the Hill Difficulty, where he recovered his roll, “Now Faithful, play the inan, speak for thy which he had lost. Over the arbour
Fear not the wicked's malice por their rod : is written, “ Here Christian slept,
Speak boldly, man, the truth is on thy side, and dropt his roll.” Beneath the
Die for it, and to life in triumph ride." picture are the following nes :
Page 121 (p. 122 in my copy) con“Shall they who wrong begin yet rightly end ?
tains the eleventh picture, repreShall they at all bave safety for their friend? No, no; in headstrong manner they set
senting Faithful in flames at the out,
stake, and also ascending in a chaAnd headlong will they fall at last no riot of five. The following lines are
under this picture :Page 66 in my copy contains the
“ Brave Faithful! bravely done in word and picture, representing Christian fully
deed. armed leaving the palace called Judge, witnesses and jury, have, instead Beautiful. At the foot of the pic Of overcoming thee, but shown their rage; ture are the following lines :
When they are dead thou 'lt live from age to " Whilst Christian is among his godly friends, Their golden mouths make him sufficient Page 142 (p. 144 in my copy) conmends
tains the twelfth picture, which repre. For all his griefs ; and when they let him go,
sents Doubting-Castle, and Chris. He's clod with northern steel from top to
tian and Hopeful imprisoned in it,
for having wandered into a more Page 70 (p. 73 in my copy) con
easy road; and Giant Despair is tains the seventh picture, represente standing at the door, with a club in ing the conclusion of Christian's
his hand. The following lines are battle with Apollyon. The following under this picture:lines are at the foot of it:
“ The Pilgrims now to gratifie the flesh, “A more unequal match can hardly be,
Will seek its ease, but, oh! how they afresh Christian must fight an angel ; but you see Do thereby plunge themselves new griefs The valiant man, by handling sword and
Who seek to please the flesh, themselves Doth make him, tho' a dragon, quit the
Page 150 (p. 152 in my copy) conPage 75 (p. 78 in my copy) con tains the thirteenth picture, representtains i he eighth picture, representing ing the pilgrims on the Delectable the Valley of the Shadow of Death, Mountains, greeted by the shepherds. with Christian passing through it. The following lines are under it :The following lines are under this
“Mountains delectable they now ascend, picture :
Where shepherds be, which to them do com. “Poor man! where art thou now? thy day is night.
Alluring things, and things that cautions Good man, be not cast down, thou yet art right.
Pilgrims are steady, kept by faith and fear." Thy way to Heaven lies by the gates of Hell:
Page 196 (p. 200 in my copy) conCheer up, hold out, with thee it shall go
tains the fourteenth, or last, picture; well."
representing Christian and Hopeful
passing the River of Death, with to an Eternity of Holiness and Fetwo angels standing on the shore to licity, exactly described under the receive them. The following lines Similitude of a Dream, relating the are under the picture :
Manner and Occasion of his setting
out from, and difficult and danger* Now, now look how the holy Pilgrims ous Journey through, the World,
and safe Arrival at last to eternal Clouds are their chariots, angels are their guide!
Happiness. Who would not here for him all hazards ". They were Strangers and Pil
grims on Earth, but they desired a That thus provides for his, when this world's better Country, that is an Heavenly.'
Heb. xi. 13, 16.
• • Let us lay aside every weight, The narrative then proceeds to and the Sin that doth so easily be. the end of the 204th page, to the set us, and run with patience the concluding words,—“So I awoke,
race that is set before us.' Heb. and bebold it was a dream ;” but
xii. 1. the last leaf is torn out, which Mr.
“ London, printed for Thomas Allies supposes contained the Epi- Malthus, at the Sun, in the Poullogue, which the author wrote on
try, 1683." the conclusion of the first part of Such interlopers as these most the work, commencing with, “Now, probably furnished Bunyan with a reader, I have told my dream to
powerful motive to prepare a Second thee," &c.
Part himself. The first edition of The back of each picture is co this production is in my possession : vered with the letter-press, as is it appeared in 1684, with the followthe case in the edition which I pos, ing notice on the back of the titlesess, which is not the first or second
page :edition, but certainly is not later than the third or fourth.
“I APPOINT Mr. Nathaniel PonThe rapidity with which these der, but no other, to print this editions succeeded one another, and book. the demand for pictures to illustrate
5 John BUNYAN. them, are not the only proofs of the January 1, 1684.” popularity which the Pilgrim's Progress' obtained, before the Se
No additions or alterations were cond Part was published. In the made in this Part, though the verses prefixed to that part, Bunyan author lived more than four years complains of dishonest imitators, - after its publication.
In the edition of the First Part, . "Sorne have of late to counterfeit
published under the auspices of Dr. My Pilgrim, to their own, my title set; Yea others half my name, and title too,
Southey, a few years ago, he was Have stitched to their books, to make them
enabled to institute a collation with do."
the earliest attainable copies ; and,
in many places, to restore good old “Only one of these,” says Dr. vernacular English, which had been Southey, “has fallen in my way; injudiciously altered, or carelessly for it is by accident only that books corrupted. This he has effected in of this perishable kind, which have the Second Part; but in this inno merit of their own to preserve stance Dr. Southey had the first them, are to be met with ; and this edition, which had not been inhas no other relation to the First spected, either in manuscript, or than in its title, which was probably while passing through the press, a trick of the publishers.”
by any person capable of correcting This spurious production is enti- it. It is plain that Bunyan had tled,
willingly availed himself of such “ The Second Part of the Pil. corrections in the First Part; and, grim's Progress, from this present therefore, it would have been imWorld of Wickedness and Misery, proper to have restored a certain
vulgarism of diction in the Second, “Some say the Pilgrim's Progress is not mine, which the editor of the folio edition
Insinuating as if I would shine had amended.* “ The style of
In name and fame by the worth of another,
Like some made rich by robbing of their Bunyan is homespun, not manufac
brother. tured," as the Poet Laureate ob. served; "and hence the difference
"Or that so fond I am of being Sire, which exists bet en homeli. I 'll father bastards ; or if need require, ness, and the flippant vulgarity of I'll tell a lie in print, to get applause. the Roger L'Estrange and Tom
I scorn it; Jolin such dirt-heap never was
Since God converted him. Let this suffice Brown school! If it is not a well
To show why I my Pilgrim patronize. of English undefiled, to which the poet, as well as the philologist, must
“It came from mine own heart, so to my head repair, if they would drink of the
And thence into my fingers trickled ; living waters, it is a clear stream of
Then to my pen, from whence immediately current English, the vernacular
On paper I did dribble it daintily. speech of his
age,- sometimes, indeed, in its rusticity and coarse
“ Manner and matter too was all mino own; ness, but always in its plainness and
Nor was it unto any mortal known, in its strength. To this natural
Till I had done it. Nor did any then style Bunyan is, in some degree, By books, by wits, by tongues, or hand, or beholden for his general popularity :
Add five words to it, or wrote half a line his language is everywhere level to
Thereof: the whole and every whit is inine. the most ignorant reader, and to the meanest capacity; there is a homely reality about it; a nursery
" Alas for this thine eye is now upon,
The matter in this manner came from tale is not more intelligible, in its manner of narration, to a child.
But the same heart and head, fingers and Another cause of his popularity is,
pen, that he taxes the imagination as As did the other. Witness all good men. little as the understanding. The For none in all the world, without a lie, vividness of his own, which, as his
Can say that this is mine,'excepting I. history shows, sometimes could not distinguish ideal impressions from “I wrote not this of any ostentation ; actual ones, occasioned this. He Nor cause I seek of men their commendation. saw the things of which he was
I do it to keep them from such surmise, writing as distinctly with his mind's
As tempt them will my name to scandalize.
Witness my name ; if anagramm'd to thee eye, as if they were indeed passing The letters make Nu hony in a B. before him in a dream. And the
" JOHN BUNYAN." reader, perhaps, sees them more satisfactorily to himself, because the It is acknowledged, that although outline only of the picture is pre- Bunyan believed his work to be sented to him; and the author hav. strictly an original
ne, the same ing made no attempts to fill up the allegory had often been treated bedetails, every reader supplies them
fore him. It is not impossible but according to the measure and scope
some of these preceding works might of his own intellectual and imagina- have fallen in his way, by which his tive powers.”
own conceptions might have been It is not surprising that, while imperceptibly modified. Mr. MontBunyan's success was raising a gomery, in his “ Introductory Essay swarm of servile innitators, he should to the Pilgrim's Progress," observes, be accused of being an imitator him. “that a poem entitled 'the Pila self. To this charge he alluded in grimage,' in Whitney's Emblems, those characteristic rhymes which and the emblem which accompanies are prefixed to his “ Holy War.” it, may have suggested to him the
first idea of his story ; indeed, he * The vulgarism alluded to consists in the
says, if he had had Whitney's pic
ture before him, he could not more almost uniforin use of a for have, never marked as a contraction; e. g., “ Might a made me take accurately have copied it in heed ;" * Like to a been smothered."
A writer in the Quarterly Review and Willekin to their Beloved in (Fol. xliii., p. 482) mentions a work Jerusalem,” which the Laureate exain English, of Bunyan's own time, mined ; and declares, “That the from wbich the general notion of ‘Pilgrim's Progress' was not a his allegory might have been taken. translation from the work, the writer 'The work alluded to is entitled, of the slander must have known ; “The Parable of the Pilgrim, writ- for the pilgrims in the prints are ten to a Friend, by Symon Patrick, women, and that it required no D.D., Dean of Peterborough,"after- knowledge of Dutch to perceive that wards successively Bishop of Chin the book is written not as a narrachester and Ely; It was published tive, but in a series of dialogues. in 4to., in London, about the year If ever there was a work,” continues 1672. Bunyan would, however, Dr. Southey, "which carried with bave scorned to borrow any thing it the stamp of originality in all its froin a Dean ; while Dr. Patrick, parts, it is that of John Bunyan.” had he seen the “Pilgrim's Pro Mr. Reader, in a recent coinmuni. gress," would have spurned, in the cation to the Gentleman's Magazine, pride of academic learning, the very adverts to another document in idea of adopting it as a model. which a general resemblance to the
Dr. Southey thinks that Bunyan “Pilgrim's Progress” has been dishad seen Bernard's “ Isle of Man, covered. William de Guilleville, a or the legal Proceedings in Man- Monk of Chanliz, composed in shire against Sin; wherein, by way French metre, in 1310, “The Pil. of a continued Allegory, the chief grimage of human Life;" then fol. Malefactors disturbing both Church lowed his “Pilgrimage of the Soul,” and Commonwealth are detected and and the “ Pilgrimage of Jesus attached; with their Arraignment Christ ;' which latter bears the and judicial Trial, according to the date of 1358. The work was called, Laws of England.” This was a Le Romant des trois Pélerinaiges ; popular book in Bunyan's time, and is supposed by Mr. Reader to pnoted in a cheap form for general have been the parent of Patrick's sale, and " to be sold by most book “Parable of the Pilgrim," and sellers." The sixteenth edition was Richard Bernard's “ Isle of Man." published in 1683. There is as Mr. Reader possesses an illuminated much wit in it as in the "Pilgrim's Ms. vellum copy of the French meProgress ;” and it is that vein of trical romance of the “Three Pil. wit which Bunyan has worked with grimages,” by Guilleville ; but nearly such good success.
one-half of “ the Pilgrimage of huA paragraph appeared in a Lon. man Life" is lost : à defect which don journal a few years ago, charg- might be supplied from a copy in ing Bunyan with a direct and knav. the British Museum. ish plagiarism; asserting that he Among the Cecil Mss. at Hatfield. was not the author, but merely a House, belonging to the Marquis of translator, of the “ Pilgrim's Pro. Salisbury, is “Y. Dreme of yo Pilgress ;” and that_the work had grimage of ye Soule, translated out been published in French, Spanish, of Frensch into Englisch, wvb som and Dutch, and other languagesaddicion, ye yer of our Lord M. iiii before Bunyan saw it. This was and prittene" (1413). proved by Dr. Southey and Mr. The late Mr. Hone, in his “AnMontgomery to be a notorious false- cient Mysteries described,” says, hood. The book in question is en- that the “ Pilgrimage of the Soul” titled, the "Pilgrimage of Dovekin was printed by Caxton, in 1483,
Dr. Dibdin says, that the work * Bishop Womack followed Bernard's wit in from which Caxton's is a translabis * Examination of Tilenus," a tract which tion was a prose composition of has been reprinted in Nichols's “ Calvinism and
Gallopes, from the original French Arainianism compared;" "a work," says Dr. Bouthey, “ of more research concerning the age
rhyme of Guilleville. of James and Charles the First, than any other
Caxton's volume, in the British in our language."
Museum, details the numerous sin.
gular incidents which are presumed property, and that the person emto befall the soul in its progress ployed in disguising the stolen after separation from the body; goods must have been a Papist ; for namely, its trial before St. Michael he has omitted all mention of Giant the Provost, and final sentence to Pope, and "Fidelias,” Faithful, sufpurgatory; a description of the pains fers martyrdom by being hanged, of hell, and its inhabitants ; the drawn, and quartered. soul's release from purgatory, and No one can tell through how ascension to heaven, with a descrip- many editions the “Pilgrim's Protion thereof. The work is com gress” has passed: probably no other prised in one hundred and ten leaves, book in the English language, with in which are fourteen poems. Some the exception of the Holy Bible,of the characters are, --the Pilgrim, and, some would add, the Works of Cherubim, the Judge, Conscience, William Shakespere,-has obtained Guardian Angel, the Soul, the Body, constant and so wide a sale. Pride, the King, the Virgin Mary, The illustrations which have been &c., &c.
devised and engraved would form a The Pilgrim's Progress" has collection as curious, if not as exmore than once been “done into tersive, as that which Mr. Duppa verse;" but I have only heard of inspected at Vallumbrosa, where a the First Part having been so trans Monk had heaped together about formed. It was printed by R. eight thousand different engravings Tookey, and to be sold by the book of the Virgin Mary. The worst sellers of London and Westminster. specimens would be the most curiAn experiment was also tried upon ous ; and Southey says, “When the the original work, by altering the reader has seen Giant Slaygood with names, and publishing it under the Mr. Feeblernind in his hand, he will, title of “The Progress of the Pil I think, agree with me, that if a grim.” Evangelist is called “ Good- nation of Anakim existed at this News ;" Worldly-Wiseman, “Mr. day, the artist by whom that print Politic-Worldly;" Legality, “Mr. was designed and executed would Law-do,” &c. Dr. Southey ima deserve to be appointed historical gines this to have been a device of painter to His Highness the Prince some knavish bookseller for evad. of the Giants !” ing the laws which protect literary
John S. STAMP.
SELECT LIST OF BOOKS RECENTLY PUBLISHED,
With Characteristic Notices.
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Delineation of Roman Catholicism, stated, treated at large, and confuted. drawn from the authentic and acknow By the Rev. Charles Elliolt, D. D. Imledged Standards of the Church of perial 8vo. Part VIII. Pp. 64. Rome ; namely, her Creeds, Catechisms, Mason.- We were led, at the first apDecisions of Councils, Papal Bulls, pearance of this truly valuable and most Roman Catholic Writers, the Records comprehensive work on the subject of of History, ge : in which the peculiar Roman Catholicism, to anticipate, that Doctrines, Morals, Government, and the limits within which the Editor proUsages of the Church of Rome are posed to confine himself, as far as they