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those persons must have been Mis- undertaking to the public and prisionaries sent out by that body of vate prayers of the Methodist sopeople, for the express purpose of ciety.” (Vol. i., p. 335.) preaching to the Heathen; whereas, About this period the Edinburgh they were neither so sent, nor was Missionary Society agreed to cotheir Mission so immediately to operate with the London Missionary preach, as to form a Christian co Society in the intended Mission to lony."
the Foulah country, wherein six This colonizing scheme was not Missionaries were to be employed, entertained by the Methodists alone; furnished by either or both of the for no sooner had the ship “Duff'” Societies. Two, at least, of these sailed for the South Seas in Septem were to be persons of education and ber, 1796, than “a Mission to Africa abilities, capable of contending with is announced as probably the next the Mahometan Priests; and one or object of the London Missionary both of them, it was much wished, Society. In the Foulah country, might be possessed of medical and about two hundred and fifty miles surgical knowledge, to recommend from Sierra-Leone, there appears to them
the natives.” (Heptinbe a favourable opening for the
stall's Christian Pocket Mag., pp. Gospel, and
a Committee is ap 43, 44.) pointed by the Directors to procure The “practical” result of the failintelligence, with a view to the most ure of this colonizing scheme was speedy commencement of their ope- the formation of a Society for Misrations. Mechanics, particularly sions to Africa and the East, as will carpenters, will he wanted for this be seen by the following extracts Mission ; and we have no doubt from Wilberforce's Life :-" July but the churches of Christ can sup- 20th, 1797. Dined at Henry Thornply the Society with many men of ton's with Simeon and Grant, to this description, highly qualified for talk over Mission-scheme.” (Vol. ii., the undertaking.” (Ibid., p. 190.) p. 225.) “Nov. 9th, 1797. Dined
In the Minutes of Conference for and slept at Battersea-Rise; for Mis1796, we find the first appointment sionary Meeting. Simeon, Charles of " Missionaries for Africa, namely, Grant, Venn. Something, but not Archibald Murdock, and William much, done. Simeon in earnest.” Patten,” with the following note at (Page 251.). "This,” add his sons, the bottom of the page :-“Dr. Coke was the first commencement of a laid before the Conference an ac- plan for promoting enlarged Miscount of the failure of the colony sionary exertion, to which he had intended to be established in the recourse upon the failure of his Foulah country in Africa ; and, after efforts to obtain by vote of Parliaprayer and mature consideration, ment some national provision for the Conference unanimously judged, Christianizing India. It occupied that a trial should be made, in that his attention for the two following part of Africa, on the proper Mis. years, and issued, in the year 1800, Bionary plan. The two brethren in the Church Missionary Society above mentioned having voluntarily for Africa and the East.”. offered themselves for this important
THOMAS MARRIOTT. work, the Conference solemnly appointed them for it, and earnestly City-Road, recommended them and their great April 11th, 1844.
SUNDAY-SCHOOLS, NURSERIES FOR THE CHURCH.
(To the Editor of the Wesleyan-Methodist Magazine.) THE “ Remarks Sunday- required, next to a present blessing Schools,” by the Rev. George Mars- under the influence of the word, den, in your Magazine for November (which ought to be sought and exlast, together with a conversation pected, as well for children as for which I have since had with that adults,) is the creation of a proper respected Minister on the subject, feeling of respect for the house of induce me to offer you a few God as such, and the formation of observations in reference to the the habit of regular attendance there. management of those institutions. We may urge the importance of this The interesting position which they duty upon the minds of the childrer; occupy in these days of educational but except we teach them to perform movement, and especially their im- it, while they are under our care, portance to us as a Connexion, make how can we expect them to attend it unnecessary for me to offer any to it afterwards ? A beautiful sifurther apology for addressing you. mile, which the President of the The object of Mr. Marsden's com Conference made use of at the late munication was, “to try whether Educational Meeting in Manchester, some plan could be devised to be a strikes me as peculiarly applicable connecting link between the time to this subject.
to this subject. “When," said he, of a youth leaving the school, and "we have planted a tree by the wallthe age of eighteen or twenty ;” side, we do not content ourselves and his suggestions relate princi- with marking on the wall the parti. pally to the establishment of Bible- cular direction which we wish the classes on the week evenings, to branches to take; no, we 'train up' the desirableness of young persons the branches, lead them onwards, who have left school continuing to and fix them as they grow, in the attend the place of worship to which direction we require.' So, in referthey have been accustomed, and of ence to the habit of attendance at some inducement being held out to the house of God. We may give them to become seat-holders, and line upon line, and precept upon to a regular visitation of such per- precept; we may show the reasonsons, at their own homes, by pro. ableness, propriety, and beauty of per individuals, for the purpose of the service; but except we lead those friendly counsel and direction. whom we teach, in the way “where
Viewing Sunday-schools as "nur in they should walk," and direct series for the church," it is ex their steps ourselves to the Lord's tremely desirable that there should house, how we expect our be no interval between the time of teaching to succeed? “ Train up a young persons leaving the school, child in the way he should go, and and that of their joining the church; when he is old he will not depart and the main question is,--How are from it." Sunday-schools to be conducted so The necessity of this will appear as to secure this object ?
from a consideration of the hostile In reference to Mr. Marsden's influences to which young persons suggestions, we may observe : are exposed after leaving the school,
1. The most effectual means of Their parents are, in many cases, insuring the attendance of young indifferent to their spiritual welfare, persons at a place of worship, after and, if their conduct be not troubleleaving the school, is, to bring them some, even to their moral character. up in the habit of it at school. Some regard the education which Wherever it is practicable, every their children receive at the SundaySunday-scholar should be taken to school, however little they may have the house of God at least once profited by it, as all that is necesevery Lord's day. The great thing sary to fit them for this world and
for that which is to come. I know occasion, the house of God, and to instances of individuals serving their accoinpany them on their excursion customers and reading their Bibles of pleasure or of sin, he is conscious, with equal regularity on Sunday as he passes by the sanctuary, that afternoons, and of their children, he is doing wrong ; his earlier symwho have been brought up in a pathies are with the place; and as Sunday-school and are now estab. the well-known tune reverberates lished in life, following precisely the through the air, and the voices of
Ungodly companions, the congregation fall on his ear, he too, surround them, who have no feels that he should have been hapother idea of the Sabbath than that pier within. The voice of consciof a day of recreation or amuse ence and the force of habit join to ment, and among whom, if the well remind him of his duty; and it may disposed speak of what they have be, that the influences of the Spirit learned at school, they are ridiculed of God, operating upon a mind and laughed at. Compare the pro- already moved by early associations, bable influence of such circum induce him to snap the cords which stances upon two youths, equally lead him astray, and say,– exposed to them, but differently educated at the Sunday-school, one
“I have been there, and still will go ;
'Tis like a little heaven below; having been taken but occasionally Not all my pleasures, nor my play, to the house of God, and the other
Shall tempt me to forget that day." brought up in the regular habit of attending there. The former, free 2. Where circumstances permit it, from the restraints of school, and it is no doubt of advantage to allow without any tie of duty or affection young persons connected with the to any particular place of worship, school, and who will properly estinot favoured perhaps with a single mate the privilege, to occupy unlet word of exhortation or warning, is pews, or to let them to them at a almost certain to give way before reduced rent. The latter is the the torrent of evil which sets in better plan, as it induces a greater upon him, and from regarding the interest in the place, and leads them public worship of Almighty God as to regard themselves as part of the a duty which may occasionally be regular congregation. performed, as opportunity may offer 3. The establishment of classes or inclination dictate, soon ceases to among Teachers and elder scholars think of it altogether. Entangled for biblical instruction, by the Miin folly and wickedness, the proba- nister or others, on the week evenbility is, that he grows up a dis. ings, is no doubt a valuable adjunct couragement to Sunday-school ef
to Sunday-school exercises, where it forts, and a reproach to them that can be accomplished. The habits do well. The latter, though no of an exclusively manufacturing longer an attendant at school, feels, population prevent its being adopted on the returning Sabbath, that the extensively among them; but mutualhouse of God is his place, and as instruction classes, comprising a few much so as ever. He goes because of the most intelligent who could he has been accustomed to it, if make it convenient to meet regufrom no higher motive; and he can larly, have been attended with much not break off the habit without a good. Young persons may be more struggle. As he continues to at- closely connected with the school, tend, his presence is noticed, his and considerable mental improvecharacter among men rises ; the
be effected by this means. word comes at length, perhaps, with Many pious and intelligent officepower to his heart; he yields him bearers in the church owe the posiself up to its influence, and says, tion which they occupy, and the “This people shall be my people, advancement which they have made, and their God shall be my God.” in temporal things as well as spiOr, if unfortunately induced by un ritual, to such classes in connexion godly companions to neglect, on any with Sunday-schools.
To the foregoing suggestions I persons, Mr. Wesley's Life, and would add,
other publications illustrative of the 1. The necessity of a regular history of our Connexion, Missionsystem of catechetical instruction. ary anecdotes, &c., ought to have Whatever tends to fix scriptural a place in every Wesleyan Sundaytruths in the mind is important; school. The scholars should be and if the memories of the scholars constantly urged to avail themselves are well stored with scriptural facts of the privilege of reading; and the and precepts, though they may leave perusal of such books will be found, the school, they cannot leave the not only to inform the mind, but knowledge of those truths behind also to awaken an interest in the them. It is of little importance, work of God, and in his instruments comparatively, how many hours are
and agents. spent in the school, or how many 3. Every facility should be given books are read, if something is not to Teachers and scholars for the learned. And there is little pro. purchase of suitable books for their bability of the youth whose mind own use. Young persons are apt to has become familiarized with the value inore highly what they have scriptural facts and reasoning con paid for out of their own means, tained in the Conference Catechism, than that which has cost them noand especially in the third part of thing; and this feeling might be it, being, ever after unfavourably taken advantage of, to supply them influenced by sceptical insinuations, with books, not only to assist their or infidel assertions. Let those devotions, but also to form the lessons be once firmly fixed in the nucleus of a Christian library at memory, and the youth is compa- home. Let a small stock of wellratively safe. Each class, from the selected books be kept in the school, highest to the lowest, should spend to be on sale, at cost price, on a some part of every Sunday in cate certain evening in the week. Our chetical exercises ; and there should own Catechism and Hymn-books, be an afternoon set apart, once a as well as neatly got-up Bibles and quarter, for publicly catechising the Testaments, which may be procured classes in the presence of each other, from the Bible Society at a very and of their parents and friends. low rate for the purpose, should be With us, this is called the Quarter- always on hand. Many scholars day; and in some places it is thought will purchase school-books in order of sufficient importance to be held to pursue their studies at home ; in the chapel, the children assem and some will show a commendable bling in the gallery, and the congre- pride in possessing those which are gation below.
necessary for our public services. In 2. The desirableness of having, one of our schools this institution in each school, a select and well. is called the “ Book-room ;” and a conducted library, both for Teachers great number of Bibles, Testaments, and scholars. No Sunday-school is and Hymn-books, besides tracts,&c., complete without this. A number have been disposed of through it. of books are to be found in our The importance of putting proper Book-Room catalogue, and in that books into the hands of young perof the Religious Tract Society, ad sons need not be dwelt upon. If mirably adapted for the purpose ; not furnished with good reading, and care should be taken to select many, it is to be feared, and persuch as are lively and interesting, haps among them the most pro. as well as instructive. Twenty mising in the school, will be supshillings spent in this way will do plied with bad. Books are now so more good than a score or two of old cheap, that any form of error may books begged from friends, whose be propagated at a little expense ; only service will generally be found and every infidel upstart, even among to be the occupation of the library- the operative classes, has tracts shelves. Religious biography, and at command to second his views. especially memoirs of pious young Sunday newspapers, too, and the
wretched trash of the low periodical strictest investigation. (3.) Members press, exercise a most pernicious of any orthodox Christian church, influence; and every possible means of twelve months'standing, who can, is taken to make them attractive to if required, bring a certificate of the young. At the same time there their membership signed by their never were so many sensible and Minister. There are, of course, excellent productions of a contrary many conditions in reference to age, tendency. Juvenile literature is an state of health, moral character, &c. instrument which may be worked The females pay ls. per month, and with advantage to the church; reli- receive 5s. per week in case of sickgion has nothing to fear from the ness, and their families £5 in case march of intellect; all that is neces of death. The males pay ls. 4d. per sary is, that there should be the month, and receive 8s. per week in same exertions used for the spread case of sickness, and their families of intelligent piety, as there are for £5 in case of death. The latter So. the spread of infidel vice.
ciety has been in existence twenty. 4. An additional tie to the school two years; it has now sixty.eight may with propriety be formed, by members, and its funds in hand the establishment of societies for amount to £737, or £10. 16s. 7d. mutual relief in cases of sickness per member. The rates of payment and death. These, if conducted on and allowances have been carefully right principles, may be the means of revised by a professional man, and doing much good. I need scarcely are upon such a scale, as to insure say, that if not so conducted, they the satisfactory fulfilment of its en. are sure to be mischievous, if not gagements. The direct advantages destructive. Exact calculations, of such a Society, in comparison great judgment, and strict integrity, with others of the same order, are, are necessary to their prosperity. the superior character of its officers, We have two such institutions, the fewer claims on its funds on “ The Wesleyan Sunday-school Male account of sickness brought on by Philanthropic Society,” and “The immorality, and the absence of disWesleyan 'Sunday-school Female sipation and its attendant evils at Philanthropic Society;" besides one the meetings of the members. Of on a smaller scale for scholars only. course all the business is transacted The following is the introduction to on the week-days. The Annual the printed copy of the rules of the Meeting, which is held in the school, former :
and is generally attended by one of “In unison with that Christian the Ministers and other friends, benevolence which has united them some of whom are honorary memin the great work of gratuitously bers, partakes of the character of a instructing the rising generation, the religious anniversary. Among the Managers and Teachers of the Me. indirect advantages is “the addithodist Sunday-school have resolved tioral bond of union” already reto form amongst themselves a so ferred to, wbich it forms among the ciety, for their mutual relief in members, and between them and seasons of sickness, decrepitude, and the school. There are instances of death; and thus still more to con individuals having been induced to firm that bond of Christian affection renew their connexion with the in which, as fellow-labourers of the people of God, after having been Lord, they are joined.” * The per separated from them for years, by sons eligible to enter, are, (1.) Those the influence of early associations, who are actually engaged in the and of continued intercourse with Wesleyan Sunday-schools, as mem its officers, rendered necessary by bers of the Committee, Vi
their connexion with this Society. Teachers. (2.) Regular scholars, The preceding suggestions point whose moral conduct will bear the to means which are, to some extent, * I shall be glad to supply a copy of the rules
mechanical and artificial. I come to any who may wish it and will address a note
now to what are more important by to the Superintendent of this Circuit.
far,—the purely spiritual and reli