I feel as giddy as if I were looking Scriptures ; and, as a mere matter at a wheel whirling about, so that of fact, but by no means a trifling all the spokes seem mixed together. one, there is reason to believe that I like one of the good old folios that much of the periodical criticism of will allow me to keep one subject the day is in the hands of Romanists, before me till I am tired; and then, who are thus endeavouring, often in when I am recruited, I can again apply quarters where their presence is not to it till I have seen it through and suspected, to lead the public mind through, and on all sides.” But their own way, and gradually to this is not the taste of every reader. mould it to their own will. We Many will read the review of a again say, therefore, that it is im. book, who would not read the book portant that we should have some itself. And that large class of per volumes of religious criticism; by sons who have little time for read, which we mean, not merely the ing, by means of this particular kind critical examination of works die of compositions may not only obtain rectly religious, but an examias much acquaintance with separate nation of works in general, conworks as they require, but a general ducted according to the principles knowledge of a much greater num. which revealed religion furnishes, as ber than would be possible, had they are held by all true-hearted they to read each one. They whose Protestants. For this reason we are duty it may be to examine a whole sub- glad to see these two volumes of ject, will still have to go to the good Mr. Foster's reviews. The subjects old folios; but they who rather re to which they refer are too numerous quire general information, and wish and various for any particular noto be guided in their judgments, tice. We can only look at the gewill have recourse to modern re neral character of the work. Mr. views. Sometimes, it may be, the Foster always writes as a Christian book is analyzed; sometimes the and a Protestant. It is easy to see subjects on which it treats, or those that his views on public affairs were which it may suggest, are consi such as are usually termed liberal. dered; sometimes the principles are But these are never made his prinlaid down and discussed which have cipal theme. He had higher objects led to the decision which may be in view than such as are presented pronounced; so that, though the by worldly politics. He evidently regular student must still work away wrote under an abiding impression at regular and voluminous treatises, of the undoubted truth, and sugeneral readers may derive much preme authority, and infinite value, and very improving information from of Christianity. At the same time a series of variously constructed re his strong sense, his correct and views. Such being the case, it is, elegant taste, his extensive reading, therefore, of the highest importance and well-digested knowledge, fitted that this branch of literature be not him for investigating, and deciding left under the sole direction of those upon, those numerous questions whom we may term secular critics. which, though subordinate to the If the Bible be a revelation from God, main subject, are still of considerable and contains, what Christians be- importance, and require a careful lieve it contains, a declaration of the examination. Besides the religious divine will on all those religious and principles which are illustrated, moral subjects in which man is inter- argued, or defended, these reviews ested,-if, in a word, it is a revelation contain a large quantity, not merely of TRUTH,-it must contain the prin- of general information, but of valuciples according to which we should able criticism, sound argumentation, judge on all religious and moral and, where necessary, quiet but powquestions. There are very many erful sarcasm. The style, of course, subjects, and those of no second may be expected to be various. There rate importance, which can only are many passages of great beauty, be rightly examined, by being ex- many of great power; but Mr. Foster amined in the light furnished by the does not seem to have been at all

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anxious on the subject of style. His and our task is completed. We object was not to gratify the reader have already said that in 1822, and by placing beautifully arranged or the three following years, Mr. sinoothly-flowing sentences before Foster delivered a series. (it was him, but to make him acquainted not properly a course) of lectures at with the writer's meaning. He had Broadmead chapel, Bristol. The certain thoughts which he wished present volume contains a selection, to express, and he chose those amounting to twenty-seven, of words, and those arrangements of the whole number. They are words, which he considered most not published as they were delivered, suitable for his object. He may be but as they were prepared for desaid to have thought with his pen, livery. They are not, however, by and to have written solely with the any means what commonly view of enabling the reader to called skeletons,—the arranged and receive into his own mind the enuinerated heads of discourse,-but thoughts thus placed before him. the entire subject in a state of comThe propriety and force of his style, plete condensation, capable, theretherefore, are the result, not of any fore, of very extensive amplification, attempt at arrangement, but of his both by the fuller developement of thorough acquaintance with lan distinct thoughts, the addition of guage as the instrument and me illustrative statements, the more dium of thought, and with, not copious investigation of the arguonly the rules, but with the philo. ment, and the enlargement of the sophy also, of grammar, by which practical and hortatory portion. he was enabled always to express Still, all this amplifying matter is his thoughts clearly and correctly. only subordinate. In preparing for His sentences are often long ; but the delivery of the lecture, Mr. this arose from the connexion in bis Foster evidently thought over the own mind of thought with thought. whole subject, and wrote down, in He did not think, as it were, in de regularly formed and consecutive tached aphorisms, and therefore he sentences, all that it essentially did not write in them. His style implied. We will not say that they may better be compared to the who not only want thought of the regular flow of the full stream, than simplest kind-thought lying on the to a line of separate stepping-stones obvious surface of a subject,-but across it. We again say that, with that thought so expressed as to reout by any means agreeing with all quire no more than an inactive the writer's opinions, we consider perception, need not take up these the volumes as furnishing not only lectures; they had better keep away a valuable addition to this par- from Mr. Foster's writings altogeticular branch of our literature, ther. His object, in all his writbut as at least commencing the ings, is not merely to put his own supply of a real want. In the re thoughts into the minds of his published reviews, for instance, of readers, but to stimulate them to Mr. Macaulay and Lord Jeffrey, we such activity as that in receiving have a collection of admirable what was presented, it should be, critical dissertations ; but along as it were, so digested, and diswith these there must be a collec- solved, and absorbed, as to be taken tion founded on the religious princi- up into the intellectual system, to ples of an evangelical Protestantism. re-appear as the result of our own Such are the reviews of Mr. Foster; original, though neither unsupplied and the friends of religious truth nor unaided, thinking. They who will rejoice to see volumes which are willing to read that they may may, without at all suffering by the think, and therefore to think while juxta-position, be placed along with they are reading, will find in this vothe volumes furnished by two of lume an addition to the religious lite. the master-minds of “ The Edin- rature of the closet, the full value of burgh.”

which it would be difficult to estimate. A word or two on the “ Lectures," To the student, likewise, the volume

will be equally valuable. Just as twenty-seven Lectures. A ministry, much is said on each subject as is to be prosperous, must be evidently necessary to present it completely spiritual, as well as intellectual; it to the mind, with an almost epic must be awakening and converting, unity of object and plan, but no as well as instructive ; it must be, more: and it would be a profitable in a word, soul-saving, -soul-saving exercise for the student to see, firstin design and tendency. We menwhether he had completely mastered tion this that no young Minister, the subject as it is placed before adiniring these Leciures, should be. him, -whether it be no longer the gin to form his ministry on them as thought-out statement of another, a model. At the same time, there but, as the result of a similar mental is a use, within certain limits, which process in which he is guided by it, may even thus be made of them. as truly his own as though it had They were delivered, it seems, at not been placed before him at all ; Broadmead chapel ; at which there and then, secondly, himself to am would be, independently of them, plify it as he may suppose


the regular Sabbath and week-day Foster would have done while de services. To these, therefore, the livering it from the pulpit. It is Lectures may be considered as supthus that young Ministers especially plementary ; and thus regarded, we should seek to become original can see that they might render the thinkers. Some indolently content most important service to all sincere themselves with the ceaseless itera. Christians, earnestly desiring to tion of a set of theological common avoid all evil, and to enjoy and places; while others think they are practise all good. The Lectures are original merely by taking up some throughout characterized by parti. fantastic notion or other, or by using cularity and detail. We have al. strange words, and talking, as ready said, that Mr. Foster's mind scarcely no one ever talked before. was eminently analytical. When a Let them take these Lectures and subject was before him, he saw at read them carefully, and they will once all that it comprised; and find every sentence charged with when he took it into the pulpit, he significance. His very figures are sought to make bis hearers see it. analogies, and designed rather to Now, a ministry may be composed illustrate the thought, than to orna too much of general subjects. In. ment the expression.

terspersed with them, and in eri. But we thus speak of the Lectures dent dependence on them, there considered only as compositions on should be an occasional distribution particular subjects. They must be of a subject into its details. We noticed, however, as the pulpit ad. mean this not as an intellectual ex. dresses of a Christian Minister. It ercise of the Minister, not as a would be most unfair to take them means of gratifying the hearers ; as specimens of what would be the we mean it as one way of fulfil. subjects of an entire ministry. They ling the Christian ministry, and are only a small part of a series of seeking the establishment and per. lectures, delivered to a select con- fection of such as have believed gregation once a fortnight for about through grace. Thus the first Lec. four years, with the exception of ture has some most profitable resome two or three months in each marks on the feelings and purposes year. If they belonged to an entire with which the new year may be ministry, there would have been commenced. The second, on the several subjects among them to well-known text, “ Set your affecwhich, as it is, we find no one ad. tions on things above,” investigates dress devoted. Excellent as these the precise nature and characters of Lectures are, considered in them. the supreme attachment which is selves, yet we sure that no due to spiritual objects; and shows Minister could keep his congrega. how we may judge, by particular tion in life and prosperity, were all indications, whether this enjoined bis ministrations such as are these preponderance of heavenly affections


does, or does not, exist in us. The his statements as he proceeds by third Lecture is on a subject too anatomical demonstrations. It is much overlooked, but which has a not enough that he states the enormost important bearing on the regu mous amount of evil which may lar maintenance and advancement thus accumulate almost unawares, of Christian spirituality. As there and then requires that the cause be are not only different seasons of the avoided. Many might do this, and year, but different aspects of the fail of their object by dwelling only same season,-sunny days, days of on the general term. Mr. Foster rain ; and as the husbandınan seeks shows when our own thoughts are to avail bimself of them all, by em vain thoughts. The eighth Lecture ployments suited to each ; so, the completes the subject, by mentionLecturer tells us, is every one con ing some of the correctives,-details scious of different aspects of the them as the medical adviser details mental state ; not referring, of to his patient the regimen which he course, to any moral changes, but to must observe for the cure of some what almost might be termed, moods particular disease. What these two of mind,-feelings of hilarity, feelings Lectures were in their delivery, of depression, and so on. The Lec. we, of course, cannot say. They ture is devoted to the "self-disci. are even awfully monitory in the pline suitable to certain mental reading. Indeed, there is not one states,"—to the practical inquiry, of them which will not, if read by how we get the most good from the thoughtful Christian in his clo. each, and how most completely set, with much prayer, be found avoid the particular evil to which highly profitable to him for the adeach may expose us. And then- vancement of his spiritual interests. only to quote one more instance of Indeed, we should be glad to think the particularity to which we refer that the Editor will receive sufficient —the seventh Lecture most impress. encouragement to induce him to ively considers the subject of "vain publish a cheaper and more portable thoughts.” The Lecturer points edition, in order to a more extensive out the characteristics of these, even circulation for closet-perusal. It when they are distinguished from would be a useful addition to the thoughts positively evil, — points more easily read biographical vothem out with the skilfulness of the Inmes which rightly stand on the medical teacher who is lecturing on closet-shelves, but should not stand some local disease, and illustrating there without companions.


PUSEYISM AT WARE. Some of our readers may have learned, and that they could only continue to from the public papers, that many of the attend the church by practically becomparishioners of Ware (Herts.) have been ing Tractarians themselves, and thus much grieved by the introduction of having no other alternative than PuseyTractarian practices in the congregation ism, or secession, chose the latter. They Strongly attached to the church, they have fitted up the Town-Hall for public greatly disliked these innovations; and, worship according to the Prayer-Book, by earnest and respectful applications, without the explanations and additions first to the Clergyman, and then to the of Tractarianism ; and, believing WesBishop, sought to have them remedied. leyan Methodism to be that form of But their applications, wherever made, separation which agreed most nearly were all fruitless. A large body of them, with their own attachment to the usual finding that they could obtain no relief, services of the Church, they applied to VOL. XXIII. Third Series. JONE, 1844.

2 M

it accordingly; and on the 5th of May the leaders of the Church seems to be the Town Hall was opened for worship, downright infatuation. Setting aside in the way they had chosen, by the Rev. the question which relates to its right. Dr. Alder. What will be the conse ness, it is utterly impolitic. But they quences of such a moveinent, we attempt must have their own way. They have not to predict. Much smaller occur. often, and with both respect and fidelity, rences have often led to results of amaz been warned, and have treated the warn. ing magnitude. These seceders will ing as something that did not in the doubtless be called schismatics ; but in slightest degree concern them. They such cases the real authors of schism are must take the consequences. Whatever they whose conduct makes either seces these may be, they have none to blame sion, or the sacrifice of conscience, impe. for them but themselves. rative. To us the conduct of some of

METHODIST FAST-DAY. *** The next Quarlerly Day of Fasting and Prayer for the Methodist Societies, according to the Rules of the Connexion, will be Friday, June 28th, 1844.


FEB. 10th, 1844.—At Burley, in the Otley Cir"cuit, in her thirty-third year, Hannah Whitehead; who, in 1830, was convinced of her need of a Saviour, and sought and obtained peace

with God through our Lord Jesus Christ. She was clear in her views of religion, spiritual in her conversation, and, when health permitted, attentive to the means of grace. She bore a protracted affliction with Cbristian fortitude. A short time previous to her death, in all the fervour of importunate prayer, she besought the Lord to make her meet for heaven, and was favoured with much of the divine presence. Her end was peace.

R. T.

March 25th.-At Wetherby, in the Tadeaster Circuit, Mr. J. P. Hawkesworth, aged seventyfour; who had been a member of the Wesleyan church upwards of half a century, and had billed the various offices of Class-Leader, Local Preacher, Trustee, Society and Circuit Steward, with great satisfaction to his friends, and to the glory of God. He possessed a meek and generous spirit ; so that his friendship was sought and appreciated. In the days when the demon of discord was attempting to disturb our excel. lent constitution, he was unmoved, and stood forth in its defence; being determined to walk by the same rule, and mind the same thing. His last illness found him in a happy state: he rested upon the great atonement by faith, and laid hold on the glorious intercession of Christ. This, he said, was to him a solid rock; while it yielded peace and comfort in his affliction, it opened before him cheering prospects of his future inheritance. With victory in his coudtenance, he said, “I am going home: 'in my Father's house are many mansions.'

Feb. 25th.--At Stillington, in the Easingwold Circuit, Mrs. Farrer, wife of Mr. William Far. rer, in the sixty-second year of her age. In early life she penitently sought and obtained the Gospel salvation, and afterwards deeply entered into the ricliness and glory of spiritual privileges. Her character was distinguished by humility, seriousness, and great Christian simplicity: her doinestic piety was also eminent. To the poor she was a compassionate friend, to the cause of 'God a generous supporter. Her last illness, which was painfully sudden, deprived her of the power of speech ; but her evident and advancing walk with God gave ample proof that she was pot unprepared.

W. T. R.

* My God, I am thine ; what a comfort divine ! What a blessing to know that my Jesus is

mine !"

A short time before his departure he repeated, with great animation, the whole of that byman which commences,

“Jesu, lover of my soul,

Let me to thy bosom fly."

March 4th.-In Aberdeen, Mrs. Isabella Donaldson, aged sixty-four. She had been a consistent member of the Wesleyan-Methodist church about twenty-four years. Her last afiliction was severe and protracted; but, through a calm reliance on the atonement of Christ, her soul was constantly sustained by the patience of hope. Worn out by sickness, at length she peacefully fell asleep in Jesus.

W. L.

Soon after this the wheels of life stood still, and his happy spirit, with holy triumph, entered into that “ house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens."

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