i. She


fasting, alms, and prayer.” This applies her blessings to, her memsort of preaching will make him de- bers, one by one." They are “orsire salvation ; and, therefore, desire gans of that body which is the fulbaptism, as that power of grace by ness of Him who filleth all in all.” which “God saves us." This de. Christ is represented as having pursire of baptism is said to be the very chased the grace of eternal life for essence of justifying faith. He all alike, and as having left to the comes, and is baptized. Now he is Church the office of going from one a Christian, and without any know to another of his people, and makledge of Christ. Truth is not taughting the special dispensation thereof him, but kept for him in the Church, out of her own abiding deposit, behind the altar. It is his, because according as each has need. he is part of the Church. She descends from her throne in the gives him the benefit of its posses- congregation, and comes to us one sion, without the necessity of his by one, and knows us by name, and knowing what it is. It is enough investigates our several needs, and that the Church knows. The more prescribes for our private ills ;” and obedient he shall he to the Church, this she does, we are told, by the the more she will reward with Priest, uricular confession ! the knowledge of her secrets. By The whole system, you see, breand by he may come “ fully to thren, is one of Church, instead of know that we are saved by faith in Christ; Priest, instead of Gospel ; Christ only;" (in the sense of the concealment of truth, instead of Tracts ;) but his attaining eternal “manifestation of truth ;” ignorant life has no connexion with any such superstition, instead of enlightened knowledge. All things belonging faith ; bondage, where we are proto his salvation are to be sought mised liberty; all tending directly and found in, to be begun and to load us with whatever is odious finished by, the Church; through in the worst meaning of priestcraft, her priesthood, as her hand by in place of the free, affectionate, enwhich, and through her sacraments, larging, elevating, and cheerful lias the channels through which, out berty of a child of God. of her own “abiding,” inherent From all this you see how differtreasure of grace, deposited in her ent is the expression, so current as “a store-house" at the begin- among us, of the “Gospel in the ning of the Gospel, she communi. Church,” when used by such writers, cates regenerating and justifying from its acceptation when used by grace to the sinner. She is, to the With us it means only the sinner, Christ. The language is not Gospel, preached, indeed, with all too strong for the chief writers of fulness and freeness; but preached this system. She is all the Christ in connexion with, and under the to which they teach the sinner to several provisions of, Christ's church, look directly for grace.

and not in exclusion of them. With We are expressly told, that the them it means precisely the contrary, Church is “an abiding personifica. -the Gospel not preached, but hid, tion of the great sacramental princi. in the Church ; reserved under the ple of the consecration of matter,” robe of the priesthood, and the veils for the conveyance of grace; that of sacraments and sacramental signs; “ Christ is continually incarnate in the Gospel kept in the Church, as bis Church;” that “the priesthood the ark of the covenant was kept may be called the organs of the under the curtains of the tabernacle, Spirit, who dwells within the and seen by the people only as they Church, whereby He grasps the saw the coverings that concealed it. several members, and unites them Keep your aim fixed upon the to the one body:" they are “the great work of saving sinners, by the Church's functionaries, in dispens- preaching of the Gospel. It is a ing to the people her varied bless- great protection against this heresy. ings; by whose special agency the There is such a thing as ferrent zeal Church collective intercedes for, and to bring souls to the Church, not so VOL. XXIII. Third Series. April, 1844.




new crea

much that they may be saved, as are most efficacious in leading sin. that the Church may be magnified. ners to see their guilt and ulter con. There is another zeal which looks demnation under the law of God, first and last upon the saving of sin and to take refuge by faith in Christ, ners by leading them to Christ, and as their “wisdom, righteousness, which loves the Church because it sanctification, and redemption !” is God's consecrated instrument of Finally : Brethren, in your reaccomplishing that object “ through liance for the protection of the belief of the truth." In this there Church against its present most se. is great protection. The Minister rious dangers, put your trust only of the Gospel whose heart is ear in God. As I have probably a much nestly set upon the conversion of stronger impression of the greatness sinners to God, simply for their sal of the trial that is now fast increas. vation and the glory of Christ ing, and is yet to increase more and therein, has a strong breast-plate more, than many others who take against this danger. And the more substantially the same views of the he can, by God's blessing, fill the present controversy; so I have, per. Church with decidedly converted haps, a more serious impression of men,-men of experience in the the necessity of calling away the reality of being made

minds of all who stand for the truth tures in Christ Jesus," - the more from reliance on any devices or will he strengthen the Church to labours of man, to a simple, prayer. stand fast in this trial. The mate. ful appeal to, and reliance on, the rial which will ever be found the strong interposition of the power of readiest to receive the mould of this God. · When the enemy cometh form of doctrine, is that of the mind in like a flood,” then the Lord only which has a serious sense of the can, and “the Lord will, lift up a need of religion, and little knows standard against him.” Nothing ledge of what religion is; which else will do in this contest. It is understands enough to know that

the Hood coming upon us ; the religion must be spiritual and ele. same which once nearly drowne i vated in its contemplations and de the Gospel out of the earth, and sires, but has too little discrimina- drove the bride of Christ into the tion to perceive the difference be wilderness. The Lord lifted up bis tween the poetry of religion and its standard against it at the Reformaspirituality ; between the mysticism tion, and “the waters were driven of man's imaginings, and the mys. back." We need again that he teries of God's revelation ; between should make bare his arm. True, a zeal for the Church as a thing of we must not withbold our efforts. external organization, and zeal for Books are good. Sermons, charges, the Church's great Head and Life, warnings, instructions, are good. as the Alpha and Omega of all sav But God alone can wage this war. ing religion. Make the seriousness Be much in prayer, dear brethren, of such minds more enlightened, for the interposition of God, to more decidedly spiritual, more dis “cleanse, and defend," and raise up. tinctly based upon the knowledge of with new beauty and power, his the Scriptures, more especially the church ; that, instead of being torn seriousness of a heart wholly fixed with controversies within, for the upon Christ as all its righteousness very essence of the faith, she may and hope, and you will proportion- go forth united and mighty, ably remove them from the reach of army with banners,” to do her great this snare.

O, brethren, of all work among the nations. Keep means for us to use wherewith to yourselves in the clest of the rock. protect our own hearts, and those of "Be still ” and steadfast, and "wait the people committed to our charge, for the salvation of God.” against these wiles, none

“ Now unto Him that is able to compared to the faithful study and keep you from falling, and to premanifestation of the word of God, sent you saultless before the preespecially in those connexions which sence of his glory wiih exceeding

as an

can be

joy, to the only wise God our Sa- minion and power, both now and viour, be glory and majesty, do




THE NATIONAL ANTHEM. Who does not know the melody It does not appear that much of "God save the Queen ?It is attention was directed towards the one of those choice productions composer of this melody till towards which combines exquisite simplicity the close of the last century; when with a force and a grandeur almost Mr. G. S. Carey, grandfather to the unequalled. The forty notes of late Mr. Kean, the tragedian, claim. which it consists embrace a range of ed the honour for his father, Henry only sis notes of the octave ; and Carey. This Henry Carey was born present a series so very simple and in 1663, and lived in the reigns of Easy, that every English musical Charles II., James II., William and student, whatever be the instrument Mary, Queen Anne, George I., and to which his studies are directed, George II. He died in the year makes this tune one of his first les- 1743, after having produced many

And yet, when performed short poems and pieces of music of with judgment, and by a competent no very great merit. In the Biocorps, there is probably no produc- graphia Dramatica, published in tion which surpasses it in effect. 1764, after speaking of some of

That this melody should be re Carey's other productions, the wrigarded as honourable to the com ter proceeds to say, “ But the most poser, is natural enough ; but that successful effort in his art was the we should, even to this day, be ig- celebrated popular anthein of God norant to whom this honour be. save the King,' of which both the longs, is a circumstance likely to words and the music were by himsurprise many. Yet such is the self,—the bass being the composicase. No evidence has been brought tion of Mr. John Smith, who was forward so clear and strong, as to many years the friend and assistant fix the name of the composer in an of Mr. Handel. This was intended undoubted manner. Readers not as part of a Birth-Day Ode.” A connected with the musical world similar statement made in can scarcely conceive the amount of Coxe's " Anecdotes of John Chriscontroversy relating to this matter topher Smith.” published within the last half cen. Mr. G. S. Carey seems to have tury. Magazines, Reviews, News- believed, or, at all events, professed papers, Biographical Dictionaries, 80 to do, that his father was the private correspondence,--all have composer of the anthem; and, on entered the lists, either to support one occasion, wrote the following in the claims of some new candidate, reference to the matter :or to dispose of the pretensions of old “ As it has been whispered abroad, ones; and the utmost that we can, nay, even given in print, that an in most cases, say for the results is, annuity of £200 per annum had that the writers have succeeded in been bestowed on me, in conseshowing that such and such a per- quence of my father being the son was not the composer.

Like author of God save the King,' I the celebrated controversy concern

think it a duty incumbent upon me ing the authorship of the “ Letters to acquaint the world that no such of Junius," many of the combatants consideration has yet transpired. have been as much delighted to Yet I must beg that my readers will show that the honour does not be give me leave to introduce a few long to the persons whose claims lines on the subject. In spite of all they opposed, as if they could literary cavil and conjectural asserclearly prove to whom it really per- tion, there has not yet appeared one

identity to invalidate the truth of



my father being the author of the supposed composer of the anthem. above important anthem. Some We do not find it anywhere stated, have given the music to Handel, that the elder Carey claimed the others to Purcell ; some have signi. honour for himself; and, therefore, fied that it was produced in the time all that the son could do was to col. of Charles I., others in that of lect hearsay reports on the matter. Jaines I.; and some have dreamed The younger Carey gives a letter that it made its appearance in the which he had received from Dr. reign of Henry VIII.”

Harrington, of Bath, in reply to a This remark shows that the pa- query relating to the subject.' This rentage of the National Anthem had letter, which was written in 1795, is become, at that time, a subject for as follows:warm contention. On another occasion, Carey gives a somewhat ludi. “SIR,—The anecdote you mencrous account of an attempt which tion, respecting your father's being he made to obtain an interview with the author and composer of the King George III., with a view to words and melody of God save the obtain a pension. Shortly after King,' is certainly true. That most Dibdin had been allowed a pension respectable gentleman, Mr. Smith, of £200 per annum, for the admira- my worthy friend and patient, has ble series of naval songs which he often told me what follows; namely, had produced, Carey formed an idea that your father came to him with that some such good luck might fall the words and music, desiring him to his share. “I thought,” says he, to correct the bass, which Mr. Smith “there could be no harm in endea. told hiin was not proper; and, at vouring, through some medium or your father's request, he wrote down other, to make myself known at another in correct harmony. Mr. Windsor, as the son of the author Smith, to whom I read your letter of God save the King ;' and, as this day, the 13th of June, repeated great families create great wants, it the same : his advanced age and is natural to wish for some little present infirmity render him incaparelief.”

ble of writing or being written to; He went to Windsor, and con but, on his authority, I pledge my. trived to gain an interview with a self for the truth." gentleman of the court, to whom he explained his hopes and wants; but It is now generally believed, that, his plans were dashed with this although Carey may have drawn the reply: “Sir, I do not see, because National Anthem into notice, and your father was the author of God have caused it to be re-harmonized, save the King,' that the King is it must have been written and comunder any obligation to his son." posed long before his time; and we This non sequitur sent Carey home now proceed to notice the evidence in a melancholy mood; but he tells in support of this opinion. us, that, while passing through The first printed copy of the NaColnbrook, he met a poor, thinly tional Anthem is, we believe, in the clad, but cheerful, girl, crying, “ Gentleman's Magazine” for 1745, “ Water-cresses ;” and, on compar. where it is called, “A Song for two ing her condition with his, he could

Voices; as

sung at boch Playnot help owning that “hers was a houses." It will be remembered harder lot than his own.” Instead, that the year above mentioned was therefore, of brooding over his dis that in which the country was appointment, he went home and thrown into great commotion by the wrote the song of “Spring Water efforts of the “ Young Pretender” cresses."

to gain possession of the English G. S. Carey appears to have been throne ; and there is evidence to born about the time when his father show that it was brought promidied ; and, therefore, could not offer nently forward at that time, as a that species of evidence resulting means of rousing the national enfrom oral communication with the thusiasm. Dr. Arne arranged it for

one of the theatres royal, and Dr. London, in passing through the city Burney for the other. Dr. Burney to go to Whitehall

, the people hursaid of this anthem: “I remember ried on in crowds to see him, crying vell when it was first introduced, so out, 'God save the King!”” One as to become a popular air, which writer offers the following opinion was in the year of the Scotch Re on this passage :-“If the song be bellion, 1745. Dr. Arne then set it read with attention, I think there for the theatre ; and it was received are parts which forcibly apply to with so much delight, that it was the peculiar situation of that More-echoed in the street, and for two Darch: the secret conspiracies which, or three years subsequent to that however concealed, were then suga time; and has continued ever since pected by his party to exist, seem to hold its place as a favourite with strongly alluded to by such expresthe public, as well as with scientific sions as, 'Confound their politics,' professors. At that time I asked and, ‘Frustrate their knavish tricks.' Dr. Arne if he knew who was the With this idea every one may make coinposer. He said, be bad not the his own commentary. Carey proleast knowledge, nor could he guess bably only made a fortunate applicawho was the author or composer; tion to his own times." but that it was a received opinion The authorship of the National that it was written and composed Anthem has been claimed for Scotfor the Roman Catholic chapel of land. Mr. Pinkerton says, while James II.; and, as his religious speaking of music, “ The English faith was not that of the nation, have always borrowed from Scotthere might be a political reason for land, insomuch that the national air concealing the name of any person of 'God save the King' is a mere who contributed to give interest to transcript of a Scottish anthem, prethe Roman Catholic worship. And served in a collection printed in this may in some measure account 1682.” The evidence whereon this for the author being entirely un assertion was made is certainly known."

meager enough. The collection al. That an idea prevailed, in 1745, luded to is intituled, Cantus, of the melody being much older Songs and Fancies, to three, four, than that date, is supported by a or tive Parts, both apt for Voices remark contained in a letter ad- and Viols. With a brief Introducdressed to Garrick by Benjamin tion to Musick, as it is taught in Victor, in October of that year, the Musick-School of Aberdeen. when Edinburgh was occupied by Printed in Aberdeen, by John the army of the Pretender. “Twenty Forbes, and are to be sold at his men appear at the end of every Printing-House, above the Mealplay; and one, stepping forward Market, at the Sign of the Town's from the rest, with uplifted hands Arms.” This book has become exand eyes, begins singing, to an old tremely rare, insomuch that the anthem-tune, the following words :" sum of eleven guineas was given for (here follows a stanza almost pre a single copy at a sale, in the year cisely the same as the second verse 1819. In the collection there is no of the modern anthem :) “ wbich song bearing the words, “ God save are the very words and music of an the King," or anything approach. old anthem that was sung at St. ing to them; but the ninth song, James's chapel, for King James II., containing the words, when the Prince of Orange was landed.” It has been surmised that

“Remember, Oh thou man, thy time is spent;

Remember, Oh thou man, how thou was a passage in the “Memoirs of the Duke of Berwick,” son of James II., And I did what I can; therefore repent," proves the National Anthem to have been well known in his reign. Un. (which are not very intelligible,) is der the date 1688, it is stated :- arranged to a tune bearing some “When James was seized on by the remote resemblance to that of the mob at Feversham, and returned to National Anthem. In the latter,

dead and gone;

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