of this General Fund in 1818, the cases of distressed chapels must now rest upon to which Grants were made towards de. the ordinary resources, and the Balance ficient income, were about 250 or 200 of the General Fund. annually. During the first fourteen years, A new era in the history of this im£10,000 was distributed in 2,809 Grants portant Fund will probably occur at the towards annual deficiencies; and £20,860 next Conference, and a few explanatory apportioned as Final Grants, to meet remarks may therefore be necessary. £32,032 raised by the Trustees and their At the last Conference the subject of friends. Thus oppressive and

an extended scheme of education for the whelming debt to the amount of £32,892 children of the poor of our Connexion, was taken from the shoulders of worthy was considered, and the formation of a Trustees, and a most serious hinderance plan for effecting this great and desirable to the prosperity of the cause of God was object was referred to a Committee, removed.

which was convened in London early in Still the old complaint was echoed, November last. That scheme is fully and a mass of distress remained unre developed in the Resolutions of the Comlieved. In 1831, the Committee had mittee, which have been generally circu. before them no less than sixty-five pro lated, and it is one which deeply conposals for Final Grants, which they were cerns the future welfare of Wesleyan unable to meet ; the Trustees offering Methodism; for since the only method £11,033, and asking £8,012 from the of at present extending a sound, religiCommittee. It was therefore resolved, ous, scriptural, and Protestant education at a Meeting of the General Chapel in this country, appears to be by denoFund Committee, held in Liverpool at minational efforts, it becomes the duty the Conference of 1832, to extend the of the Wesleyans to take their part in Loan system, which experience had am. the general burden; and it behoves them, ply proved to be the only effectual mode for their own interest as a church, to of permanent relief. The project was to enter into such a scheme as that proraise £40,000 by loans, partly from in- posed, heartily and effectively. A part dividuals, but chiefly from the Trustees of the provisional scheme recommended of chapels ; the principal to be repaid by for the adoption of the next Conference, yearly instalments of ten per cent., with is to change the present designation of interest at the rate of four per cent. per the Chapel-Fund, to that of the “ Geneannum, from the Chapel Fund. The ral Chapel and Wesleyan Education amount thus taken up was £39,523. Fund;" and to apportion one moiety to This sumn, however, was not completed the usual objects of this Fund, and the until about four years afterwards; but other to the promotion of the scheme of by the present arrangement of the Trea. extended Wesleyan education, according surers it will be entirely repaid at the to the plan laid down in the Resolutions. Conference of 1844; the balance due Your Committee are of opinion that to the lenders being the first claim upon there is a fitness in the union of these two the subscriptions and collections now objects ; especially as it is to the rising about to be made.

generation that the Trustees have to look The Lists of Final Grants made by for seat-holders and occupants of their the Loan-Fund Sub-Committee, were chapels ; and the closer connexion of the published, year by year, until 1839, children of our people with our church, when a munificent Grant was made by by a religious and Wesleyan education the Committee of the Centenary Fund and pastoral oversight, appears to be of £35,000, for the relief of distressed among the best means that God may be chapels in the way of Final Grants. expected to prosper for gathering under Twenty-three cases were transferred to our ministry serious hearers of the word. the New Committee, which the Loan. Both objects have a just popularity; and Fund bad not been able to meet ; and the zeal of the Connexion having been during the year, the Centenary Chapel. manifested with such effect in preventing Relief Committee, acting on a principle the obtrusion of an unwelcome and danof somewhat greater liberality than the gerous system of education upon the other Committee had thought themselves country, is surely a pledge and earnest at liberty to adopt, voted the first instal that all needful exertions shall be made, ment of £21,000, to meet the offers of fully to carry out the noble scheme Trustees ; and in the succeeding two which now appeals to the judgment and years, the remaining £14,000, and an charity, and solicits the pecuniary supadditional £3,000, generously granted port, of the entire Wesleyan Connexion. by the Centenary Committee. This (To be concluded in our next.) Fund also is exhausted ; and the claims


MATRIMONIAL STATISTICS. ---On numbered 18,648 ; of which 17,846 were the motion of Sir R. H. Inglis, a return according, and 772 contrary, to the rites was ordered by the House of Commons, of the established Church : 2,253 of the in May last, of the number of places of men, and 4,633 of the women, signed religious worship in England registered their marks : of the parties, 327 men, for marriages, under the Act of the 6th and 1,549 of the women, were not of full and 7th of William IV., c. 85, to the age. The marriages ending June, 1841, 30th of June, 1842; also the number of in the metropolis, were 18,096 : those marriages celebrated yearly in England, according to the established Church, from the 1st of July, 1938, to the 30th 17,291 ; those otherwise, 305: 2,067 of June, 1841,—distinguishing those by men, and 4,344 women, could not write: the established Church, and otherwise ; 290 of the men, and 1,298 women, were and further, a return from each Superin- under age. In three years, in England, tendent Registrar's district within the 367,894 marriages took place; consemetropolis, from July, 1838, to June, quently, no fewer than 735,788 indivi. 1341. It appears that, to the date of duals entered into wedlock ; and of these the return, 1,922 places were registered parties 304,836 could not sign their for marriages, under the Act of the 6th names !--Public Papers. and 7th of William IV., c. 85. Under THE ULERARCHY.—The bishoprics the second department it is stated, that, of England and Wales were instituted in the year ending the 30th of June, according to the following order of time; 1839, 114,632 marriages were celebrated namely, London, an archbishopric, and according to the rites of the established Metropolitan of England, founded by Church, and 6,451 not according to the Lucius, the first Christian King of Brirites of the established Church ; making tain, A. 1. 185 ; Llandaff, 185; Bangor, the total marriages in one year of 121,083 : 516; St. David's, 519; the archbishopof these parties, 97,546 only signed with ric of Wales, from 550 to 1100, when their marks: 40,587 men, and 59,959 the Bishop submitted to the Archbishop women, could not write their names : of Canterbury as his Metropolitan ; St. 5,628 men, and 16,414 of the aggregate Asaph, 547 ; St. Augustine (or St. Aus. number, were not of full age. In the tin) made Canterbury the Metropolitan year ending the 30th of June, 1840, in archbishopric, by order of Pope GreEngland 117,018 marriages took place gory, A. D. 596 ; Wells, 604 ; Roches. according to the rites of the established ter, 634; Winchester, 650; Lichfield Church, and 7,311 not according thereto; and Coventry, 656; Worcester, 679; making the total marriages in that year Hereford, 680; Durham, 691 ; Sodor 124,329; of which number 104,325 per and Man, 898; Exeter, 1050; Shersons signed with their marks, being borne, (changed to Salisbury,) 1056 ; 41,812 men, and 62.523 women : 6,101 York, (archbishopric,) 1067 ; Dorchesof the men, and 17,909 of the women, ter, (changed to Lincoln,) 1070 ; Chiwere not of full age. In the year end- chester, 1071; Thetford, (changed to ing the 30th of June, 1841, the mar Norwich,) 1088 ; Bath and Wells, riages in England were, according to the 1088; Ely, 1109 ; Carlisle, 1123. The established Church, 114,448, and 8,034 following six were founded upon the not according to the established Church; suppression of monasteries by Henry making the total marriages in one year VIII. :-Chester, Peterborough, Glou. 122,482 ; of which 99,955 persons signed cester, Oxford, Bristol, and Westmintheir marks, being 40,059 men, and ster, 1558. Westminster was united to 59,896 women. It is mentioned in re London in 1550 ; Ripon, founded 1836. turn to the third branch, that, in the year -Public Paper. ending 1839, 17,428 marriages were regis NEWSPAPERS.—The germ of news, tered in the metropolis, of which num. papers is found in ancient Rome, as far ber 16,664 were according to the estab. back as two hundred years before Christ. lished Church, and 764 not according to The Roman Government promulgated the same : 6,188 of the parties could not its edicts by written papers fixed on pil. write,—2,027 men, and 4,161 women : lars (acta diurna). In the year 1563 the those under age were 304 men, and 1,330 Venetian Government used to communi. women. In the year ending June 30th, cate military and commercial information 1840, the marriages in the metropolis to the citizens by written sheets, which



were read in the public place; and those « The Public Advertiser" was desirous of learning the news paid a menced, and carried on till 1795. In small coin for the privilege. The earliest this paper first appeared the celebrated English newspaper was printed by com “ Letters of Junius." In 1762 the notomand of Elizabeth, and called, “The rious John Wilkes commenced his pubEnglish Mercurie," "published by au lication of “ The North Briton," celethority, for the contradiction of false re brated for its fierce and uncompromising ports;" in allusion to the threatened attacks upon the Ministry. It has been invasion of England by the Spanish quaintly remarked, that every Number Armada. Three Numbers of this paper either involved Wilkes in a lawsuit or a are in the British Museum. The first duel. “The Oxford Journal," still pubestablished weekly paper was one enti- lished, is a hundred and three years old. tled, “ The News of the present Week.” " The Englishman," older still, conAfter this a host of pamphlets, &c., tained several satires from the pen of started up; and between the years 1706 Edmund Burke.- Public Paper. and 1734, one hundred and seventy-five STATISTICS OF A BEE-HIVE.-The journals were established. In Norwich “masses” of every hive consist of two alone, we have “ The Norwich Post. kinds of bees, the workers and the drones. man,' “ price one penny, but a half The first are undeveloped females ; the penny not refused;" “ The Norwich second are the males. Over these presides Courant," price three-halfpence; “ The the mother of the hive, the Queen-bee. Protestant Packet; " " The Norwich The number of workers in a strong hive Journal;” and “The Norwich Ga is above fifteen thousand ; and of drones, zette.” In the latter, notice is given, about one to ten of these. This proporthat, “on Thursday and Friday next, tion, though seldom exact, is never very being the 6th and 7th of June, 1734, a much exceeded, or fallen short of. A coach and horses will set out for London, single family, where swarming is preand perform the same in three days, vented, will sometimes amount, accord. weather permitting.”. In the next co ing to Dr. Bevan, to fifty or sixty thoulumn we find a shopkeeper offering sand. In their wild state, if we may “kind entertainment to a journeyman credit the quantity of honey said to be chandler, who is a good workman, and found, they must sometimes greatly exhas had the small-pox !” In 1726 ceed this number. Quarterly Review.


APRIL 9th, 1843,-At Paramatta, Australia, she continued to adorn the doctrine of God her Elizabeth Sibson,-in the possession of a cheer Saviour in all things. She bore her last afflicing hope of eternal life, through faith in the tion, which was severe and protracted, with blood of the everlasting Covenant. She was con much resignation to the divine will. In her verted to God at Leicester, in England; and in dying moments, her Minister, being with her in 1839 emigrated to this colony. Her conduct was order to afford her some consolation as sho uniformly marked by simplicity and diligence, passed through the valley of the shadow of and won the regard of all who knew her; and death, said, " Are you happy?" In reply, sho her last illness was abundantly sanctified to the lifted her feeble hand, and said, “ Happy, hapgood of ber soul. A few weeks before her death py, happy! All is well; all is well!" Soon she visited Newcastle, for the benefit of her after she died in the Lord.

R. W. health ; but she was compelled to return in a few days, much worse, and with a settled convic July 9th.— At Chesterfield, in the United tion that her life would speedily close. At this States, aged forty-three, Mrs. Ellen Woollesperiod her mind was not so happy as she desired, croft. She was a native of Leeds; and was and the promises of God were not clearly seen; brought to a deep concern for her salvation but, in a short time, she was enabled to rejoice when only eleven years old, and obtained the in God her Saviour ; and, in full triumph over pardon of sin at a prayer-meeting, at which sin and the fear of death, she calmly fell asleep were present, assisting, the late Rev. Messrs. in Christ.

E. S. David Stoner and John Smith. She left Eng.

land, for the United States, in 1820 ; and was June 23d.–At Belize, Honduras-Bay, Ann married in 1824. In 1828 her husband (the Rev. Davies, aged sixty-eight years. She had been a A. Woollescroft) devoted himself entirely to consistent member of the Wesleyan society for the work of the ministry; and she cheerfully upwards of fourteen years, during which period quitted the enjoyments of a settled home, for Vol. XXIII. Third Series. FEBRUARY, 1844.



thic privations and toils of the itinerancy. As her health failed several years ago, she was recommended by her medical advisers to try the effect of a change of air, by returning to her native land. In 1810 she arrived in England, and remained with her friends nearly two years. Her residence in England was of great benefit; but, during her voyage in returning to America, she took cold; and, after twelve months' suffer. ing, exchanged a state of pain for “the rest which remains for the people of God." She was graciously supported during her affliction, and died in the triumph of faith. Mrs. Woollescroft was distinguished by her great love of the Scriptures: the law of the Lord was her delight; the Bible her constant companion. In her character were united tenderness of conscience, deep humility, and unaffected piety. She was also remarkable for great integrity, love for the cause of God, and uniform consistency of conduct. Her liberality to the poor was great: she was unwearied in her efforts to do them good, feeding the hungry, and clothing the naked.

T. H. July 27th.–At Newcastle-under-Lyme, in her fifty-first year, Mrs. Sarah Norcup. At the age of thirty-two she joined the Wesleyan society, and adorned her profession to the end of her life. Her constitution was feeble, and she was frequently called to suffer; but she suffered with Christian patience, and was of a most sympa. thizing disposition towards others, especially those who were afflicted. She was a sincere lover of God, his cause, and his people, and was ready for every good work. During the last few months of her life, though evidently declining rapidly, she was remarkably happy; and was favoured with many signal manifestations of the divine mercy. She died in great peace, leaving a blessed testimony, that for her to be absent from the body, was to be present with the Lord.

J. H.

Oct. 15th.–At Cheltenham, Mrs. Winifred Bray, of Pendock, in the Ledbury Circuit, in the sixty-fourth year of her age. Whilst on her way to a place of public worship, she sunk down under the influence of an internal malady; and, after half an hour's severe suffering, exchanged mortality for life. For the period of forty years she heard the Gospel in union with the Wesley. ans; and, during thirty-eight years, witnessed the truth of salvation, through faith in Christ crucified. She sanctified the Sabbath, loved the Ministers and followers of Christ, and actively exerted herself to prevent others receiving the grace of God in vain. In the last conversation in which she engaged, she plainly, affectionately, and confidently atiirmed, in opposition to Soci. nian views and principles, the divinity of Christ, justification by faith, and the direct and iinmediate witness of the Spirit of God that she was an heir of that inheritance which is incorruptible and undefiled.

S. B.

Oct. 16th.--At Grennap, aged fifty-one, Mr. Isaac Watts. Ile was privileged with pious parents, and in early life was the subject of gra cious and powerful impressions in 1813 he enlisted in His Majesty's 20th regiment, and gave himself up to work wickedness with greediness; but not without a strong conviction of his sin and danger. A dangerous voyage brought him to Ostend; and, after hard marches, great privations, and with a load of guilt on his inind, he was brought within the sound of the cannon, when the fear of death and of hell laid hold upon him. While the balls of the enemy fell thick and fast around him, and while gazing on the slaughtered thousands on the plains of Waterloo, his language was, “O thou who art the God of my mercies, how shall I thank thee for the favours conferred upon me! Thou hast brought me through, and shalt have the glory." Soon after, he was afflicted with fever; during which he was brought to a knowledge of the truth. Orders were issued for the regiment to return to Eng. land; and Isaac reached home, in 1816, a new man, to the great joy of his father. He joined the Wesleyan society, and grew in grace. In 1818 he became a Local Preacher, and subsequently a Class-Leader; in which offices he was faithful and useful. For some time past his health has been in a declining state ; but he was enabled to attend the Local-Preachers' Meeting the Friday before his death. The fol. lowing Sunday he met his class, and visited some of the members. On the day after, he had a severe fit of coughing; sudden hemorrhage en. sued; when he rapidly passed to the rest above.

J. A.

August 30th.-At St. Helen's, aged seventynine, Mr. Robert Rippon. He was convinced of sin, and joined the Methodist society, when sixteen years of age; and, in his youthful days, enjoyed the privilege of accompanying our venerable Founder, the Rev. John Wesley, in some of his journeyings to preach the Gospel. One of his bereaved family remarks, that “his life was spent in working for God.” While resident in Liverpool, he took special delight in the benevolent operations of the Strangers' Friend Society, of which he was one of the earliest promoters. When the time came that he must learn what it is for heart and flesh to fail, he was enabled to rejoice in God as "the strength of his heart, and his portion for ever." On being interrogated as to his confidence in God, through Christ, he replied, “O yes; all is peace!”

J. S.

Sept. 24th.-At Middlemarsh, in the Sherborne Circuit, Mrs. Ann House, aged seventyfour. She was deeply awakened, joined the Methodist society, and obtained a clear sense of adoption, when above sixty years of age. After adorning her Christian profession for about twelve years, she was graciously assisted in her final hour to make a good confession of her faith in Christ, and hope of a glorious immortality.

B. c.

Oct. 28th.–At Rufford, in the Worksop Circuit, in the seventieth year of his age, Mr. George Cartlidge: who had been a member of the Wesleyan society thirty-four years, and a Leader of a large class twenty-nine. He was a man of unbending integrity, of deep piety, extensive usefulness, and was esteemed by all who knew him. His last affliction was long and severe ; but he was graciously supported by the presence of God, and the consolations of religion. His end was calm and triumphant.

J. R.

Det. 99th.-At Pendock, in the Ledbury Cir after, on being laid in an easier position, she cuit, Mrs Elizabeth Edwards; who, through just said, “How comfortable! I am waiting the instrumentality of the Wesleyan ministry, now;" and, very shortly, she entered into rest. about twenty-five years ago, was brought to dis

T. J. cover her state as a sinner, and enabled to believe with her heart unto righteousness. She Nov. 2d. --At Nook-house, Cullingworth, near steadily adorned her profession; and, by a regu Bradford, aged eighty-two, Mrs. Townend, many kar attendance on the means of grace, and its years a medber of the Wesleyan society. She practical exercise, abounded in the work of the was born at Stanbury, near Haworth. Her Lord Just before she died, she informed her parents were members of the Rev. Mr. Grim. Pastor, that her evidence of the divine favour shaw's church ; and, in her early days, his is unclouded.

S. B. ministry, in conjunction with that of Mr. Wes

ley, often deeply impressed her mind. She was Oet. 30th.- At Gargrare, in the Skipton Cir accustomed to say, that the pungent and glowcuit, Mr. William Green, aged sixty-eight. At ing appeals of these eminent men were continuso early period of life he began to seek and to ally recurring to her mind; so that she found no serve tbe Lord; and, ere long, found redemp rest until she joined the Methodist society. tion in the blood of Christ, the forgiveness of There was in her character a remarkable warinth, sáns He was called to fill most of the offices with honesty of purpose, and simplicity. The which are peculiar to that section of the church former often involved her in spiritual distress; with which he was united ; and in each he was but her frankness in acknowledging her fault, exemplary, being faithful, acceptable, and use always impressed the members of the class in ful. Towards the close of life he was called to which she met with her sincerity, and secured pass through much affliction, to which he sub their esteem. Her defects might appear on the mitted with patience, and even cheerfulness. surface, and sometimes for a season obscure inDuring his trial he had severe conflicts with the trinsic worth ; but they never rankled in the common enemy; but he “ endured hardness as a heart, poisoning the sources of Christian characgood soldier," obtained the victory, and * passed ter. In her last illness she enjoyed settled peace, through death triumphant home."

and frequently bad seasons of great joy in progR. H. pect of heavenly happiness. Her faculties, dur

ing the latter part of her affliction, were very Oct 31-t-In the Sixth London Circuit, aged much impaired; but nothing quickened them so fifty-fre, Mr. John Arthy; who had been in much as a reference to God, and the blessings of Common with the Methodist branch of Christ's religion. She died having a good hope of immoreburch thirty-five years, and a faithful Local tality.

W. J. Preacher for twenty-six. He likewise sustained, with moeb acceptance, other important offices; Nov. 8th.–At Snape, in the Bedale Circuit, and was ebaracterized by strict integrity in the Ann, the beloved wife of Mr. Henry Webster, discharge of his several official duties, great jun., in the twenty-fifth year of her age. Eight order in the fulfilment of his numerous engage years ago she was deeply convinced of sin, and ments, and untiring diligence in various efforts soon after obtained a clear manifestation of parto promote the cause of Christ. His health had doning merey; when she joined the Wesleyan for some time gradually declined, without caus church, and remained an attached and consistent ing any apprehension of the fatal character of member until she joined " the church of the the disease with which he was affected; but, first-born." Her spirit was naturally amiable ; when apprized of it, his mind preserved its usual and, being sanctified by grace, was truly lovely. serenity, being stayed on the Lord. In this state To do good, especially to the afflicted, was her be was enabled meekly to suffer the divine will; delight: these she relieved according to her and died in great peace.

J. C.

means, and sought to direct them into the good

and right way. In the early part of the year she -, --At Gear, in the Helstone Circuit, was attacked by consumption; but, during her Jane, the wife of Mr. James Bishop, aged fifty

illness, she enjoyed strong consolation, and ode. She was brought to a saving knowledge of

trusted in her Saviour with unshaken confidence. the truth about twenty-four years ago, and re

She died in great peace.

T. D. mained an exemplary member of the Wesleyan society to the end of her life. During the last Nov. 15th.--At Milborne-Port, in the Sherten years she patiently endured a painful afilic borre Circuit, Mrs. Mary Ryall, aged sixty-five. tion, which at length terminated in death. A She feared God from the early age of seven few days before she died, she said, " My breath years; but did not find the rest of faith in Christ ing is so difficult, that I can scarcely speak; but till many years after she had reached maturity, my soul is kept in a state of calmness and peace.” and had passed through much anxiety of mind. ** You are very weak," was the remark of a In 1817, when Methodism was introduced into friend to her. “ Yes," she replied, “I am ; but Sherborne, she joined the first class, and conI am strong in the Lord. O what a friend is tinued to be a distinguished and useful member. Christ, when all other comforts fail!" She took Together with her husband, she did much to an affectionate leave of her family, and exhorted cherish, in its infancy, a church which is now each to be sure to meet her in heaven. A few established and respectable. She prayed much hours only before she fell asleep, she said, “O for the salvation of her children ; and had the that I could sing ; but I have no strength.” She happiness to see several of them brought to God. then added, “ I shall very soon sing' more sweet, After passing through many trials, in which she inore loud, and Christ be all my song."" Soon suffered as a Christian, she expired in the tri

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