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of the success which has attended the customs, and the savage and warlike dis arduous labours of the Missionaries, under positions, of the people. To sacribce the blessing of Almighty God.
human beings on the death of their rela. The establishment of a prosperons Mis tires, has for ages been considered by tbe sion at the Gold-Coast speedily began to Asbantis as an act of the greatest piety, exert an influence upon Ashanti. Without required by the most imperative obligations such a preparation, the thought of carrying of their religion ; but Apoko Ahoni has the Gospel into that country would scarcely recently refused to furnizb his quota of have been entertained. The difficulties to slares for sacrifice, on the occasion of the be encountered were of the most formidable death of a royal personage, and his excharacter; but, after superstitious fear and ample was followed by Bakwai (sai. These state-policy had detained the Missionary practical attacks upon the Dational superFreeman on the frontier forty-eight days, stition, which, before the commencement he at length reached Kumasi, and so far of the Mission, would hare called forth ibe impressed the barbarous Monarch as to most violent outbursts of indignation, base obtain his consent to the introduction of a been patiently endured; and, in both inMission. It is scarcely three years since stances, a present of gold was accepted, as Mr. Freeman visited Kumasi a second a sufficient mark of respect for the memory time, and made arrangements for commence of the deceased. As an instance of the ing Missionary operations in that capital; influence of the Mission in restraining the but already most encouraging indications warlike propensities of the Ashantis, it are exhibited. No extensive renunciation may further be mentioned, that the once of idolatry has, as yet, taken place; but fierce and impetuous Osai Kujob, the beirevents are occurring which warrant the apparent to the crown, who has so often expectation of an approaching change upon threatened that when he should coire into a large scale. The King has taken the power he would visit the Fantis with all Mission under his protection; regular reli the miseries of war, now takes the Misgious services are held in Kumasi, which are sionary by the hand, declaring that he attended by many hundreds of Ashantis ; lores him, and talks with satisfaction and and the Missionary occasionally preaches delight about peace and all the varivas in the open air to crowds of attentive na blessings following in its train. tives. By the permission of the King, he The Gold-Coast Mission has more realso preaches the Gospel in the sacred cently afforded the means of embracing town of Bantama, which no European was another most remarkable opening. The previously allowed so much as to visit; he return of so many liberated Africans from itinerates to Jabin, about thirty miles dis Sierra-Leone to their native sbores, and tant, to make known the way of salvation the circumstances under which a considerto the inquiring Queen and her people; able native Christian community bas been and he has, moreover, been allowed to ineet planted, in consequence, at Badagry, and the wishes of the powerful Chieftain, Bak. in Yariba, is justly regarded as one of the wai Osai, who resides about twenty-five most extraordinary events which bare miles from Kumasi in another direction, taken place in connexion with modern and who was anxious that himself and his Missionary and philanthropic enterprise. people should enjoy the benefit of Mission Loud was the call made upon the Wesary instruction. Nor does the Missionary leyan Society practically to care for 80 spend his strength in vain. Some Ashantis many of its people, who were thus remored have experienced the saving power of the from the pastoral oversight of the MissionGospel, and are now united together in aries at Sierra-Leone, to regions where Christian communion; one of whom is the they were at once exposed to all the coryouthful A poko, a member of the royal rupting infuences of idolatry; and the prefamily, who, as a public renunciation of vious establishment of the Gold-Coast the national superstition, has performed an Mission had prepared facilities for respondact which would have formerly exposed him ing to that call. Mr. Freeman was into the greatest personal risk :-he openly structed to proceed to Badagry, and enburned his Fetish idol in one of the streets deavour to commence a Mission at that of the capital, and avowed himself to be a place, which was only formerly known as Christian. Apoko Ahoni, who is the next the seat of a most sanguinary and debasbut one in succession to the throne of ing superstition, and as one of the prioAshanti, also evinces an earnest spirit of cipal slave-marts in that part of Africa. religious inquiry ; and is now being taught, Most encouraging success has attended the with many of his own household, to read undertaking. Mr. Freeman was welcomed the word of God in the English language. by some of the principal Chiefs, and the The effects of the Gospel are, moreover, preaching of the Gospel and the establishdelightfully apparent in the restraint which ment of a school have already produced it is beginning to impose upon the bloody beneficial results.
The formation of a Mission at Badagry ing pleasing progress in varlous branches did not, however, meet the whole case of of instruction at the Mission-house at the emigrants for whom provision was in Cape-Coast, while all the recent accounts tended to be made. The larger number of furnish proofs of the anxiety manifested by them had not remained upon the Coast, the King for the return of the Christian but had proceeded into the interior; wbi. Missionary to Dahomi. ther Mr. Freeman followed them, and, at a In this way the Wesleyan Missionary distance of about ninety geographical Committee have been led by a train of cirmiles, found them settled, with some others cumstances which they could neither forewho had been attached to the Church Min see nor control, circumstances which apsionary Society, in a large town called peared to mark out their providential path Abokuta, (signifying, in the Aku language, of duty too clearly to be mistaken, -to Understone,) which, although containing extend their operations four hundred miles forty or fifty thousand inhabitants, had not along the coast of Guinea, and in the before been heard of by Europeans. Mr. direction of Ashanti at least two hundred Freeman was very kindly received by the miles into the interior. The expenditure King, Sodaka; who had been so favour involved by this unanticipated enlargement ably impressed by the conduct of the of their plans has been proportionately Christian emigrants, that he had encou great. When, in the year 1840, it was raged them to hold religious services, and resolved to attempt a commencement in to cultivate the civilized babits which they Ashanti, and to increase the number of the had acquired ; granting to them also the Missionaries at the Gold-Coast, it was peculiar privilege of entering his presence proposed to expend on these objects the without prostrating themselves upon the sum of £5,000, in three years, in addition ground. Mr. Freeman had likewise the to the annual sum necessary for the supopportunity of entering into friendly com port of the Missions already existing. Το munication with the King of Hausa ; and obtain this amount of £5,000 for the exleft Abokuta as the bearer of & most ear tension of the work, a special appeal was nest request from King Sodaka and the made to the friends of Missions and of emigrants, that the Committee would send Africa generally. Partly by direct anMissionaries to that place without delay. swers to that appeal in 1841 and 1842, and
The opening of friendly intercourse with partly by some smaller sums received in Dahomi next followed in the course of 1843 for these Missions specifically, the events. Aware of the great peril to which sum of £7,311. 185. 10d. has been genethe infant Mission at Badagry would be rously contributed; which, added to the exposed, unless the barbarous Monarch sum of £4,926. 138. Od. taken from the of Dahomi were conciliated, Mr. Freeman Society's regular income, being the amount resolved to endeavour to reach his capital, of three years' expenditure, at the rate and seek his approval of the undertaking. of £1,642. 48, 4d. per annum, (the ordiHe accordingly proceeded to Whydah, the Dary expenditure of 1840, exclusive of pasgreat slave-port of Dahomi ; and, after
sage-money, &c.,) makes a total amount much delay, was allowed to set out for the of £12,238. lls. 10d. for the support and royal residence in the interior. His recep extension of the Gold-Coast Mission, to tion was most gratifying. The King gave the end of the year 1843. But so greatly his assurance that the Mission at Badagry has the work advanced beyond all previous should not be interrupted ; and asked why calculation, that the actual expenditure he might not also have a Missionary for for the three years specified, together with Whydah, who should pay him a periodical a sum of £1,750. 148. Od. for passagevisit at his capital. After repeated con money and outfits of the additional Misversations, the King expressed an earnest sionaries sent out in Dec., 1840, and for desire to enter into a commercial treaty stores, furniture, building-materials, &c., with England, in order that he might be which, though paid and entered in the Reenabled to abolish the slare-trade through port of 1840, properly belonged to the out his territories, which he said he was year 1841,-- is found to have amounted wishful to do; remarking that the Queen to po less than £20,173. 128. ld. ; with of England sent her ships to put a stop to the prospect that the expenses of the curthe slave-trade; but that if he gave it up rent year would be upon an equal scale. before it was substituted by a better trade, In this expenditure, however, is included he knew not what he could do, for he had a large amount which has been laid out in no other on which to depend. As an evi the erection of places of worship, schools, dence of the favourable impression which and dwellings for the Missionaries. in had been made upon his mind, he selected the sickly climate of Guinea, great precaufour children from the royal household, and tion has been found necessary for the preintrusted them to Mr. Freeman's care for servation of the health and lives of the education. These children are now mak Missionaries ; while the cost of building
suitable residences, in consequence of the Africa still suffers, and to make her some distance from which the materials must in compensation for the wrongs inflicted by several instances be brought, has proved European cupidity. And may it not be very great. From the peculiar circum expected, that those who bare sympathized stances of the place and state of society, with the wretcbed victims of the slares the erection of a house and chapel at trade will contribute to support a Mission Badagry appeared absolutely necessary, as which promises to afford such important a first step towards the commencement of facilities for putting an end to the accursed a Mission there ; but the building mate traffic, in one of its principal seats? Will rials could not be procured, nor the ser not those who have been so laudably rices of workmen be obtained, within a anxious to form channels for the low of a distance of almost four hundred miles from healthful commerce, and the blessings of the spot. And the erection of Mission Christian and civilized life, into central premises in Kumasi was attended with Africa, practically prove that they do not similar difficulties; as many of the requi. contemplate with indifference those resite articles were conveyed from Cape markable openings to Yariba and eren Coast, nearly half of that distance, on the Hausa, so inviting to the efforts of philan. heads and shoulders of native carriers,- thropy, which Providence itself is not the almost trackless forest not allowing of making by means of the return of the any other method for the transmission of emigrants to their native land? Will they goods.
not indeed derive a new and powerful in A considerable portion of the large ex tive to exertion from the fact, that Sierra. penditure which has been incurred, it is Leone is now furnishing such a number of thus apparent, will not require to be an trained dative agents, inured to the ci nually repeated, as the buildings which mate which proves su unfriendly to the have been erected will answer the purposes European constitution, and that God is of the Mission for many years to come; singularly giving them farour on their but, allowing the full force of this con return, in the sight, not only of their coun. sideration, the Committee, after a careful trymen generally, but of even their former review, since Mr. Freeman's recent arrival
oppressors ? To these questions the Con. in this country, of the state and prospects mittee cannot but anticipate a favourable of their Missions in Guinea, find sufficient response ; and they venture confidently to reason to conclude, that their annual cost make a second appeal to the Friends of will impose a burden upon the regular and Africa and of Missions, for that pecuniary ordinary income of the Society greater assistance which will enable them to meet than it can possibly sustain ; unless, how the excess of expenditure up to the end of ever, a special provision be made to meet December, 1843. Encouraged by this the excess of expenditure during the years substantial mark of public favour, they will 1841, 1842, and 1843, above the sum cheerfully proceed with their important of £12,238. 118. 10d., which a comparison and interesting work, and endeavour to of this amount of the special subscriptions maintain it in a state of moderate effici. and three years' ordinary expenditure on ency, from the regular annual income of the scale of 1840, with the entire expendi. the Society. ture for those years, (£20,173. 12s. Id.,) Subscriptions towards meeting the exshows to be £7,935. 08. 3d. If this were
cess of expenditure for the three years not done, if this large excess were to be ending December last, £7,935. Os. 3d., provided for out of the regular and ordinary will be thankfully received by the Rer. income of the Society, the Committee Tbomas B. Freeman, by the General Treawould, in consequence, be compelled, by surers and Secretaries of the Society, and necessity, to reduce the annual grant for at the banking-house of Messrs. Smith, the support of these and other Missions to Payne, and Smiths, No. 1, Lombard-Street, so low an amount as could not fail greatly London. to impair their efficiency, if not contract (Signed) JABEZ BUNTING, them within much narrower limits. It is President of the Wesleyan Conference. their earnest hope that they may not be
THOMAS FARMER, driven to the adoption of this alternative.
JOHN SCOTT, They persuade themselves that, in this part
General Treasurers. of Africa at least, they are engaged in a
JouN BEECHAM, work which not only recommends itself to
ROBERT ALDER, those who support the Society for con
ELIJAN HOOLE, siderations purely Missionary, but also to
General Secretaries. all others who are interested in the common Wesleyan Mission-House, Bishopsgate. cause of philanthropy, and are especially so Street-Within, London, October 15th, licitous to remove the miseries under which 1844.
II. Shortly after the preceding Statement had been prepared, public attention was called to another of a very different description. On the 25th of October, a letter appeared in the “Times” newspaper, assailing the character of Mr. Freeman, and disparaging the successful labours of himself and fellow-labourers in the same field of Missionary toil and hardship. From its own internal evidence, the letter was immediately recognised by the Committee as the production of an individual with whose proceedings, as an agent of the Society, they had had just cause of dissatisfaction; and who had sought to cover his retreat, in the course of the preceding year, by preferring a list of charges against Mr. Freeman, under whose general superintendence he had been placed. This letter, which derived its importance from the fact, that the writer had concealed his real name under a fictitious signature, and had obtained admission for it into the columns of a leading journal, called forth, on the following day, a decided testimony to Mr. Freeman's character, and the beneficial effects of the Gold-Coast Mission, from the pen of J. Topp, Esq., the Commandant of British Akrah, then on a visit to this country; which was followed, in a few days, by another similar testimony from J. H. Akhurst, Esq., a respectable merchant from the Gold-Coast. The welcome letters of these gentlemen will be given in a subsequent page. Mr. Freeman, who was in Norfolk when the slanderous attack upon his character was made, immediately on his return to London, prepared a full and circumstantial reply to the several allegations contained in the letter of “Omega,” which reply was published in the “ Times” newspaper on the 1st of November ; in which Number also appeared, as an advertisement, a series of Resolutions adopted by the Committee on a review of the whole case. These two documents we give next in order.
I. MR. FREEMAN'S FIRST LETTER.
myself and my proceedings; and, in about
two years, he addressed a letter to our GeSIR,- The absence of a few days from neral Missionary Secretaries in London, contown, in a distant part of the country, has taining, among other complaints, the principrevented me from giving an immediate pal charges preferred against me in your coanswer to the letter of “Omega," in the lumns by “ Omega;" and he returned to “ Times" of Friday last. Doubtless your England upon the alleged ground that he correspondent had, what he deemed, weigh could not any longer co-operate with me ty reasons for writing under a fictitious in the Missionary work. On his arrival in signature. He might, I presume, be fully London, in July, 1843, in what he himself aware that were be to give his real name, termed, in a letter which has been shown I should be able to show how little cause me, good health and spirits,” I am auhe had for bringing me before the thorized to state, that he was requested to bar of the public, seeing that he had proceed to Sheffield, where the Wesleyan repeatedly refused to attempt to substan Conference was then sitting, that he might tiate his charges against me before those give the explanation which was reasonably who were properly authorized to inquire required, as to the course he had deemed into both his conduct and mine. He states himself called on to pursue. He, howthat he was a Missionary at Cape-Coast ever, declined going to Sheffield, on the Castle for more than two years. Now, plea of personal indisposition, and set out there was a person who, after having been to the north of England to visit his friends. educated at the expense of the Wesleyan Subsequently, when my written answer to Missionary Society, was appointed to his charges had been received at the WesCape-Coast Castle in 1840." In a few leyan Mission-House, he was informed by weeks after his arrival, he began to mani- letter, that my reply had arrived, and he fest the spirit of dissatisfaction against was again invited to meet the Committee,
in London ; but neither did he see fit to Domonasi. At the present time, I asgert, accept this invitation. It is scarcely ne we have a considerable number of fine cessary to add, that in consequence of his coffee-plants in our plantation at Domothus refusing to meet those by whom he nasi, (besides Dearly fifteen thousand had been employed, it was not deemed safe others growing nearer to the coast,) sereral or proper to appoint him to any other Sta. of which are now bearing fruit; and I still tion, and his further services were in con further remark, that Domonasi, which is sequence dispensed with by the Wesleyan from twenty to twenty-five miles in the Missionary Committee.
interior, in consequence of the improrebe his show of reasons for so doing, be ment effected there by the Missionaries, is will not deny the fact that he wholly de becoming a place of occasional recreation, clined to meet the Conference and the during the unhealthy season of the year, Committee for the purpose of attempting for the European residents at Cape-Coast. to substantiate his charges in opposition to “ Omega" next denies that a Mission. my reply. Now, if your correspondent, school had ever been commenced at Kowho signs himself “ Omega," be this iden masi. On what authority does he make tical Missionary, (and if he be not, let him such denial ? If he be the person I take take off his mask and show himself,) I him to be, he has never seen Kumasi ; leave it to all who love bonesty and he has never been to any part of Ashanti. straight-forward dealing, to decide whether Now, I assert that such school had been he had placed bimself, by his previons con commenced at the time to which he refers. duct, in a position to warrant his summon Although the King, for reasons which I ing me before the tribunal of the public need not detail, expressed hesitation at under a fictitious name.
the establishment, at first, of schools on To come to the charges which he has an extended scale, when I went up to been pleased to specify in his letter of the Kamasi in 1841-2, to commence the 21st inst. :—He asserts that I made a false Mission there, yet, shortly after my return statement respecting ground having been to the Coast, Mr. Brooking succeeded in cleared for a plantation at Domonasi; and forming an evening school. Since that that towards the plantation I received period, the Schoolmaster has been em£100, “ from the African Civilisation So. ployed during the day in teaching the ciety." I never received one shilling Prince Apoko Ahoni, and many members from that quarter ; but the Committee of of his household, on his own premises, the Anti-Slave-Trade Society did intrust by which means the second in succession me with one hundred pounds' worth of to the throne of Ashanti is now being agricultural implements to be given princi- taught, with many of his people, to read pally to the Chief of Domonasi ; and I was the word of God in the English language. gratified to learn that that Committee was Your correspondent's third charge pleased with my report of the distribution against myself and brother Missionaries of the implements which had been com at the Gold-Coast is our alleged encoumitted to my care. The ground to which ragement of concubinage. This I utterly “Omega” refers, I again assert, had been deny. The whole strength of this charge cleared. The forest-trees and brushwood lies in the wilful perversion of language; with which it was covered had been cut for what he stigmatizes as concubinage is down, and a crop of Indian corn, prepara. really and truly marriage. The principle tory to its being planted with coffee and on which we proceed at the Gold-Coast is, other tropical seeds, had been actually that the marriage-bond, as the earliest of reaped. But because, when “Omega " all tbe divine institutions, having been visited it, weeds and brusliwood, which introduced into Paradise previously to the speedily luxuriate in that soil and climate, fall, was of universal obligation before had, in the absence of the superintendence Christianity came into the world. We of the Missionary, who had been removed further hold that wherever marriage is by death, again sprung up, “ Omega” has celebrated according to the law and usage the hardihood to assert that not one inch of of the country, even though that country ground was even then cleared. Had it be heathen, it is in substance or essence suited his purpose, this veritable witness & valid marriage. This view of the subcould have told that we had done much ject we derive from apostolic teaching. more than I stated. He could have in The great Apostle of the Gentiles, in formed you, (supposing be be the person I addressing the church at Corinth, a church have before described,) that upon his first which had been formed among a heathen visit to Domonasi, I took him with me people, gives the following directions :along new roads, wide enough to admit “I any brother hath a wife that believeth carriages, two miles in length, which we not, and she be pleased to dwell with had cut through the forest for the purpose him, let him not put her away. And the of opening a better communication with woman which bath an husband that be