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The Tatler, No. 49. (Lady Elizabeth Hastings.) Though her mien carries much more invitation than command, to behold her is an immediate check to loose behavior ; to love her was a liberal education.


1775 - 1793.

O liberty ! liberty ! how many crimes are committed in thy name.


1736 - 1799.

Speech, March, 1775. Give me Liberty, or give me death !



Speech, August 2d, 1826. Sink or swim, live or die, survive or perish, I give my hand and my heart to this vote. Independence now and Independence for ever!

Speech on Hamilton, March, 1831. He smote the rock of the national resources, and abundant streams of revenue gushed forth. He touched the dead corpse of Public Credit, and it sprung upon its feet.*

Speech, May 7, 1834. On this question of principle, while actual suffering was yet afar off, they (the Colonies) raised their flag against a power, to which, for purposes of foreign conquest and subjugation, Rome, in the height of her glory, is not to be compared ; a power which has dotted over the surface of the whole globe with her possessions and military posts, whose morning drum-beat, following the sun, and keeping company with the hours, circles the earth with one continuous and unbroken strain of the martial airs of England.f

* “He it was that first gave to the law the air of a science. He found it a skeleton, and clothed it with life, color, and complexion : he embraced the cold statue, and by his touch it grew into youth, health, and beauty.” Lord Avonmore on Blackstone.

† “I am called
The richest monarch in the Christian world;
The sun in my dominions never sets."

“ Ich heisse
Der reichste Mann in der getauften Welt;
Die Sonne geht in meinem Staat nicht unter.”

SCHILLER, Don Karlos, Act i. Sc. 6.

Speech, September 30, 1842.
Sea of up-turned faces.*


Speech in the United States Senate, January, 1832.

They see nothing wrong in the rule that to the victors belong the spoils of the enemy.


Speech before the New England Society, New York, De

cember 22, 1843. The Puritans in the reign of Mary, driven from their homes, sought an asylum in Geneva, where they found a State without a King, and a Church without a Bishop.

* This phrase, generally supposed to have originated with Mr. Webster, is from Rob Roy, ch. 20.


A Cadmean Victory.— Greek Proverb. Συμμισγόντων δε τη ναυμαχίη, Καδμείη τις νίκη τοίσι Φωκαιεύσι εγένετο. - HEROD. Ι. 166.

A Cadmean victory was one in which the victors suffered as much as their enemies, so called from the victory of the Thebans (then called Cadmeans) over the celebrated Seven, which was avenged shortly afterwards by the descendants of the vanquished, the Epigoni.

History is Philosophy teaching by examples.Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Art. Rhet. xi. 2 (p. 398, R.), says: παιδεία άρα έστιν η έντευξις των ηθών: τουτο και Θουκυδίδης έoικε λέγειν, περί ιστορίας λέγων· ότι και ιστορία φιλοσοφία εστιν εκ παραδειγμάτων. He then quotes Τhuc. I. 22, where, however, the idea does not seem to be precisely the same.

Fools that do not know how much more the half is than

the whole."
Νήπιοι· ουδε ίσασιν όσο πλέον ήμισυ παντός.

Hesiod, Works and Days, v. 30.

* See Bolingbroke, page 297.

To leave no stone unturned." Πάντα κινήσαι πέτρον. . EURIPIDES, Heraclid. 1002.

This may be traced to a response of the Delphic Oracle, given to Polycrates, as the best means of finding a treasure buried by Xerxes's general, Mardonius, on the field of Platæa. The Oracle replied, Ilávta lidov kivel, Turn every stone. - Corp. Paræmiogr. Græc. I. p. 146.

Every man is the architect of his own fortune.Sed res docuit id verum esse quod in carminibus Appius ait,“ Fabrum esse suæ quemque fortunæ.”—PseudoSallust. Epist. ad C. Cæsarem de rep. ordin. I. 1.

This Appius Claudius Cæcus was called the earliest known Latin author, and in his censorship, B. C. 312, began the Appian Way from Rome to Capua.

Cæsar's wife should be above suspicion." Cæsar was asked why he had divorced his wife. “Because," said he, " I would have the chastity of my wife clear even of suspicion.” PLUTARCH, Vit. Cæs., c. 10.

66 All is lost sare honor.” It was from the imperial camp near Pavia that Francis the First, before leaving for Pizzighettone, wrote to his mother the memorable letter, which, thanks to tradition, has become altered to the form of this sublime laconism : “ Madame tout est perdu fors l'honneur.”

The true expression is, “ Madame pour vous faire savoir comme se porte le reste de mon infortune, de toutes choses ne m'est demeuré que l'honneur et la vie qui est sauve.” MARTIN, Histoire de France, Tom. VIII.

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