Pagina-afbeeldingen
PDF
ePub

curs.

yards the troops are actually uncovered, Ling and use of maps, in writing out dispounless there are special features in the sitions, in giving clear and decided orders, ground which would conceal them. So at and in appreciating the value of time and length the actual collision of the forces oc-space. An officer vividly realizes the ra

And now comes the most ingenious, pidity with which, on occasion, cavalry though perhaps not the most valuable, cross the ground as compared with feature in the game, namely, the repre- infantry; he learns the terrible time it sentation of the varying fortunes and un- I takes troops to file across a bridge ; and certainties in war, by means of calculated | he experiences, in a manner, the anxiety tables of probabilities, and by the throw he would feel on actual service during of dice. A die having six sides, a table is such an operation; for, be it observed, drawn up formed of six rows with the much reputation is won in Prussia by. numbers belonging to the faces placed in success in this exercise. We may add, six squares in each row. The first row that the Kriegsspiel has, in a great measgives even chances, such as would be taken ure, revolutionized and shaped afresh the when two perfectly equal forces meet nature of instruction given in the military under equally favourable conditions, and establishments in Prussia. To have its when the two generals elect to try their full force, it is desirable occasionally to fortunes by the onset. In this row, the carry out afterwards, in maneuvres over numbers 1, 3 and 5 would be coloured the actual country depicted, some prodark, and if thrown, would give success to gramne that has been worked out by one force, while 2, 4 and 6 would give it the Kriegsspiel. to the other; slight success being won by Is it too much to say, that the unveiling the figures 1 or 2, decided success by 3 or of the pieces of this game reveals a strange 4, and complete by 5 or 6. According to source of Prussian skill and success in war? the number thrown the beaten troops Suppose, for example, we, like the writer would be made to move back; and they of the Battle of Dorking, contemplate the would limit their future action according case, which we trust is never likely to be to the decision of the chief umpire. Thus, a reality, of a German arıny landing in after complete defeat (given by 2 or 6) some quarter of England. We should certroops would be incapable of acting for, tainly, at the present moment, look with at all events, twenty minutes ten some anxiety at the efforts of almost any

English general. We have a commander The second row of squares on the table who has had, perhaps, some experience in have the same numbers repeated, but two Indian warfare, and has moved a few are dark and three light, and the sixth troops about in a general sort of way at counts as a blank and must be thrown Aldershot, or at the Curragh; but his adagain. Here, then, the odds are three to versary has fought his Kriegsspiel under two for the light colour. The third all conceivable circumstances again and row gives four to two, and so on, the again over the actual ground, as far as it last giving five to one. These would be could be represented by our admirable taken to represent cases where a general Ordinance Survey. He has again and was compelled to accept battle at a dis- again followed the track of the various advantage, either in position or in men; roads. Ile has had to consider whether, when he might, as on actual service, ob- owing to the cross-sleepers being raised or tain a success, but where the odds would sunk into the ground, cavalry could, or be against him. The results of artillery could not, trot along any particular railand infantry fire are formed into a similar way, if required to do so. He has felt the table, the calculated losses being noted annoyance of the delay occasioned by the down and from time to time taken away steepness of any pirticular hill delaying from the suffering army.

the
pace

of the half-winded horse of a veWhen, however, the troops become com- dette. He has discussed the size of our pletely engaged all along the line, the game fields and the thickness of our hedges, is generally discontinued, the most in- and he has referred doubtful points to structive part being then at an end. officers who have travelled in England,

Whatever military skill is necessary to with the eyes and ears that were used qualify a man to take part in such a game, to such purpose in France previous very little is needed to enable the mind to the war, and the hands and heads that, to estimate the value of it. It affords, so in spite of French vigilance, measured Major Roerdansz and the Prussian au- the slope of the Paris forts, and calthorities generally consider, first-rate culated the angle at which to breach them instruction in tactics, practice in the read-'in the presence of the very guards of the

or

moves.

[ocr errors]

Emperor. Not only might a Prussian , those who are not temporizers, but who general have done all this, but he might believe that time will work in their favour, have done it under the eye and criticism and besides these it wins some who are of Von Moltke himself, with his forty neither temporizers nor believers in the years' Kriegsspiel brought to practice abstract advantage of waiting, but who are and tested by autumn manœuvres, and simply unready. In addition to all these crowned by two of the most successful it wins a few, we suppose, — we fear they campaigns of this century, undertaken are not more than a few,- who feel honouragainst what were considered the two ably bound by the compact of Bordeaux, greatest military Powers in Europe. and who honestly hold that the country

A nation that will learn even by dearly can hardly decide freely on the form of bought experience, is a nation above the constitution which it is safest to try, while average; perhaps, therefore we express there is still so great a danger to face as an unreasonable wish when we hope that the chance of a further collision with Gerwe may value this experience, presented many. Thus M. Thiers has, we think, no as it were gratis to us, and that we may small chance of defeating the various imavail ourselves of it although it has cost patient parties crystalizing around him, by us nothing. Prussia, who no longer fears the (in France) very unusual exhibition of an attack has given us a guarantee of resolve to adhere strictly to a political good faith in that she has, in a measure, compact which satisfies nobody, but which dropped the reserve that so long charac- leaves to everybody hope. We do not say terized her military policy, But do not let that, so long as he lives, the ad interim réus flatter ourselves that Prusssia is the gime will be maintained, for he may very only enemy who could cope with us. At likely live till the German occupation is at the moment of her greatest prostration an end, which can hardly fail to put an end France could have taken Belgium, had we to the ad interim régime, and he may fail been the only obstacle in her way, in spite some day to hold his own even before the of our political pretensions and the pic- | Germans quit the soil; but we do say that tures in our popular newspapers. May he has a very excellent chance of beating we be wise in time, and be prepared be the mercurial and hesitating parties opfore, not after, our day of trial !

posed to him, and foiling even the best
conceived of all the plans for driving him
from office — that which would elect the
Duc d'Aumale as Vice-president of the Re-

public under him, with power to fill his
From The Economist.

place in case of his suddenly failing or reTHE SITUATION IN FRANCE.

signing his place. We call this the best The political position in France is very of the plans for driving him from office, beperilous and very characteristic. No party cause, firstly, it would not be a breach of has the strength to wait, and no party has the compact of Bordeaux, while it would the strength to outvote and constitutionally be equivalent to an expression of want of overpower the others. M. Thiers threatens confidence in him ; and next, because it them all in turns, and remains still the key would be aimed at the one prominent weakof the situation. He tells the Monarchists, ness M. Thiers has exhibited — his weaknot without truth, in answer to their re- ness for resigning whenever he cannot get proach that he does not lean on the ma- his own way. M. Thiers has, we suspect, jority, that when he looks for the majority, an excellent chance of defeating even this "he finds nothing but a conspiracy.” He well-conceived plan to get rid of himself, tells the Left, on the other hand, that he for both the Right and the Left have will defend the compact of Bordeaux - the very little confidence in the ultimate solucompact to leave the definitive settlement tion, whenever, by M. Thiers's death, or of the form of Government till the Ger- by the German evacuation, or by the sucmans have left the soil of France - even cess of the plot to maneuvre him into against the Republicans. And while M. resignation, the time comes for the counTheirs lives and retains the spirit thus to try to choose definitively its new form of use each party against the other, and to Government. The suspense continues not keep his stand on the arrangement made because the people can wait, and prefer at the end of the war for temporary pur- waiting, till the danger of German menace poses, he will probably have his way. "The is at an end, but because every party and mere fact that he represents a temporary every section of every party is so tremuarrangement is a political advantage to lous with impatient excitement that it him. It wins all the temporizers, and all I cannot bear to risk a false move. The

Legitimists cannot determine how much to | without strong facts on his side, that a yield to the Orleanists, and the Orleanists great part of the regular army is strongly cannot determine how much to yield to the Republican; another part is unquestionLegitimists; the Right and Centre dare ably Monarchical; and some of the troops not combine to attack the Republic, and are certainly Imperialists. Thus there is the Republicans dare not openly attack but too much danger that whenever the the Monarchists; the Conservative Repub- final catastrophe can no longer be averted licans do not know how much to yield to by M. Thiers's dexterity, the result may the Radical Republicans, and the Radical but too probably bring with it a great Republicans do not know how much to danger of civil war. The only sort of yield to the Reds. All are in such a twit- compromise which, in our belief, would ter, because nobody knows their own avert this, would be the choice of some one strength, and nobody will risk anything to welcome to the Monarchical party, like the try it. Yet for all alike genuine patience, Duc d'Aumale, to take the chief office unthe genuine faculty of waiting stolidly der a constitution welcome to the Repuband not anticipating the future at all, is lican party, in other words, to succeed M. not only non-existant but impossible. The Thiers as President of the Republic. But Assembly quivers, day after day, like the whether this most promising sort of comleaves on as aspen tree with the emotion promise is possible to the frenzied parties of its expectation and its dread. The of France seems more and more doubtful. work of administration, the work of pro- In the first place, it is doubtful whether viding a proper army and a proper tariff, the Duc d'Aumale would consent to abanof reorganizing French finance and reduc- don the pretensions of his nephew to the ing the currency within limits, is all more Throne. In the next place, it is very or less delayed and injured by the nervous doubtful whether the Republicans would intensity of the French emotion about the hear for a moment of such a President ultimate problem of parties - Monarchy without treating the whole thing as a or Republic; if Monarchy, what régime? Monarchical conspiracy, and by so treating it, if Republic, of what kind - Conservative forcing it to become so; and in the last place or Progressive? it is certain that the Legitimists would oppose such a solution with all their power. Thus, the more we look at the present situation in France, the more fear we feel for the result. There is no sign whatever of that tendency to mutual concession which must precede a stable settlement; and though M. Thiers may very likely outgeneral his adversaries for some time longer, he is not producing we question very much whether he is in any degree trying to produce that alleviation of the bitterness of party spirit, that wish to arrive at some result in which all the nation concurs, which must precede any settlement that is not to be achieved by civil war.

And yet it is precisely the intensity of this nervous emotion which assures us that when the moment comes for settling the question at last, it will be settled on some unsatisfactory and unstable basis. The people who care so much more about the means than the end, the form of Government than the result of Government, who are so impatient for the catastrophe that they can hardly listen to the drama, are very unlikely to accept quietly any of those practical solutions which, in such a matter, are alone possible. And as far as anybody can see, even the army is not likely | to throw its very great weight decisively into any scale. M. Gambetta boasts not

NATURAL CURIOSITY.-A natural curiosity was recently found by some Broadstairs boatmen at the back of the Goodwin Sands, and was brought by the finders on shore at Broadstairs. It consists of two pieces of wreck, logs of wood some 12 or 14 feet long, and more completely covered with living barnacles than any piece of wreck ever before seen by the oldest sailor on the coast. The owners exhibit their findings on the pier, and much interest is excited when the logs with their living burden are fed. The feeding consists

of their being dipped in the sea off the jetty at
high tide. The boatmen have placed themselves
in communication both with Mr. Buckland and
the Crystal Palace authorities, and they say
that it has been arranged that the Crystal Pal-
ace Company will take the curiosities, and that
a trough is being constructed for their safe con-
veyance. The barnacles are the common " Pen-
telasmis anatifera," from which, as Dr. Harvey
says, "our ancestors believed that barnacle
geese were sprung."
Public Opinion.

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

NUMBERS OF THE LIVING AGE WANTED. The publishers are in want of Nos. 1179 and 1180 (dated respectively Jan. 5th and Jan. 12th, 1867) of THE LIVING AGE. To subscribers, or others, who will do us the favor to send us either or both of those numbers, we will return an equivalent, either in our publications or in cash, until our wants are supplied.

PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY BY
LITTELL & GAY, BOSTON.

TERMS

OF

SUBSCRIPTION.

FOR EIGHT DOLLARS, remitted directly to the Publishers, the LIVING AGE will be punctually forwarded for a year, free of postage. But we do not prepay postage on less than a year, nor where we have to pay commission for forwarding the money.

Price of the First Series, in Cloth, 36 volumes, 90 dollars.

[ocr errors]

66 Second "

[ocr errors][merged small]

The Complete Work,

66

20

66

50 66

[blocks in formation]

80 66 100 " 250 "

Any Volume Bound, 3 dollars; Unbound, 2 dollars. The sets, or volumes, will be sent at the expense of the publishers.

PREMIUMS FOR CLUBS.

For 5 new subscribers ($40.), a sixth copy; or a set of HORNE'S INTRODUCTION TO THE BIBLE, unabridged, in 4 large volumes, cloth, price $10; or any 5 of the back volumes of the LIVING AGE, in numbers, price $10.

[blocks in formation]

Forgotten are now the trials and sorrows that made them weep;

For with many a soothing promise

He giveth His loved ones sleep.

He giveth it! friends the dearest, can never this boon bestow;

But he touches the drooping eyelids, and placid the features grow;

Their foes may gather about them, and storms may round them sweep,

But, guarding them safe from danger,

He giveth His loved ones sleep.

All dread of the distant future, all fears that opprest to-day,

Like mists, that clear in the sunlight, have noiselessly passed away;

Nor call nor clamour can rouse them from slumbers so pure and deep,

For only His voice can reach them

Who giveth His loved ones sleep.

Weep not that their toils are over, weep not that their race is run;

God grant we may rest as calmly when our work, like theirs, is done!

Till then we would yield with gladness our treas-
ures to Him to keep,

And rejoice in the sweet assurance,
He giveth His loved ones sleep.

A. M. W. Golden Hours.

SLEEP.

"So He giveth His beloved sleep."- Psa. cxxvii. 2.

He sees when their footsteps falter, when their heart grows weak and faint,

He marks when their strength is failing, and listens to each complaint;

He bids them rest for a season, for the pathway has grown too steep;

And folded in fair green pastures,

He giveth His loved ones sleep.

Like weary and worn-out children, that sigh for the daylight's close,

He knows that they oft are longing for home and its sweet repose;

So He calls them in from their labours ere the shadows around them creep,

And silently watching o'er them,

He giveth His loved ones sleep.

He giveth it, oh, so gently! as a mother will hush to rest

The babe that she softly pillows so tenderly on her breast;

A SPRING CAPRICE.

CAME your merry laughter falling,
Musically on mine ear,

As from birds in Spring days calling
To their loves, the carols clear;
Came your sweet low laughter pealing
Through the sad grove of my mind,
As between sere beech-leaves stealing
Blows the gentle evening wind.

Came the richness of your laughter
As a song that, brought again,
In the mournful days hereafter,

Bids the dry heart melt in rain;
Came its tones, such music making

As when, ranked in merry band,
Curl the crisp waves lightly breaking
On the dull and sullen sand.

Came its liquid murmur clearly

As a fountain's music sweet,
That, in the parched desert, dearly
Doth the tir'd traveller greet;
Came its cadence lightly speeding
O'er my heart's waste, silent ground,
As Eve's silver laugh from Eden
To the bare blank world around!
London Society.

« VorigeDoorgaan »