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fested, and that made them so very dear to me, are now my best and truest comforts. Their patient endurance of great sufferings for it is an agonizing death to die - their simple trust in God through Christ, their thankful, happy, holy disposition shone out brightly through all. Nothing had power to disquiet them: nothing could cast a cloud upon that bright sunny Christian spirit. One allusion to our Lord's sufferings, when they were agonized by thirst and fearful convulsions, one prayer or verse of Scripture always calmed them, always brought that soft beautiful smile on their dear faces. There was not one word of complaint, it was all perfect peace. And this was the closing scene of such lives, which made us often say, Would that we all could render such an account of each day's work as Elwin and Fisher could honestly do!'-'I am very glad,' Fisher said, that I was doing my duty. Tell my father that I was in the pat of duty, and he will be so glad. Poor Santa Cruz people!'

'Ah! my dear boy, you will do more for their conversion by your death than ever we shall by our lives.' I never witnessed anything like it; just when the world and the flesh and the devil are in most cases beginning their work, here was this dear lad as innocent as a child, as holy and devout as an aged matured Christian saint. I need not say that I nursed him day and night with love and reverence. The last night, when I left him for an hour or two at 1 A.M. only to lie down in my clothes by his side, he said faintly (his body being then rigid as a bar of iron), Kiss me, Bishop.' At 4 A.M. he started as if from a trance; he had been wandering a good deal, but all his words even then were of things pure and holy, His eyes met mine, and I saw the consciousness gradually coming back into them. They never stop singing there, sir, do they? for his thoughts were with the angels in heaven. Then, after a short time, the last terrible struggle, and then he fell asleep."

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Ir is no longer the practice to hang red curtains round the rooms occupied by patients with the small-pox, and indeed colour is not supposed generally to exercise any influence on health or disease. Yet, however true this may be as regards animals, there can be little doubt that colour has an important relation to the growth and existence of plants. M. Bert has (says Galignani) addressed an interesting communication on this subject to the Academy of Sciences. Having placed twenty-five kinds of plants in a greenhouse provided with glazed frames of various hues, he watched their progress under the influence of the different lights they received. Milfeil, mullen, violets, cactuses, and houseleeks were among them; besides green cryptogamia, plants strongly tinged with red, such as perillæ, and, lastly, firs. The individuals of each species were of the same size, hav-| ing been sown at the same time. The glass of the frames was respectively transparent white, dulled white, black, red, yellow, green, and blue; and the whole greenhouse was shielded from the direct rays of the sun. The observations commenced on the 20th of June; on the 24th various seeds were sown which all sprang up at the same time in all situations. On the 15th of July the plants requiring the sun were all dead under the black and green frames, and were very sickly under the other colours, especially the red. The other plants were all declining. The mortality continued to increase, and on the 2nd of August all were dead under the blackened glass, except the cactus, the lemna, firs, and maiden-hair. Under the green glass nothing was left alive except the geraniums, celery, and houseleek, besides those that were not dead under the black; but all were in a bad state. The mortality was much less un

der the red glass, and still less under the yellow and blue. On the 20th of August the acotyledons alone were still alive, though perishing under the black and green; and as to the rest, the red had proved more hurtful to them than the yellow and blue. The stalks were much taller, but also much weaker than the red; blue seemed to be the colour least detrimental to the plants - their greenness had remained natural, and even deeper than under the yellow. The plants sown on the 24th of June had all died off very quickly under the black and green, later under the red, and had thriven better under the blue than under the yellow. As for the plants under the white glass, they all continued to live, though less luxuriantly under the dulled than under the transparent glass.

CHAOS IN OUR LAW.- Our plan, says the Law Times, of stopping the extension of chaos to our law is by the introduction of harmony into the decisions of our courts. But, so far from approaching to anything like harmony, the decisions seem to be drifting further apart than ever. Within a few days we have had singular illustrations of this in our courts of common law. One case had reference to the validity of a custom prevailing among brokers. We do not propose to discuss the question for the very sufficient reason that it is one upon which Lords Abinger and Wensleydale are at variance, and upon which the Court of Common Pleas, as lately constituted, is equally divided, the Lord Chief Justice and Mr Justice Montague Smith holding one way, and Mr. Justice Willes and Mr. Justice Keating the other. A second case

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AN action was tried in the Court of Queen's has reference to certain fixtures which, it was contended, were mere movable chattels. The Bench brought against a nephew of the two emtheir point was very important, inasmuch as certain inent brothers Julius and Augustus Hare by his mills containing some hundreds of looms were sister to recover a portrait of his father. mortgaged to bankers, and, on the bankruptcy elder brother-Francis George Hare, painted of the mortgagors, their assignees claimed the by Sir Joshua Reynolds, and said to be worth looms, which the bankers contended were part £2,000. The plaintiff claimed as executor, on of the mill. In the argument it was pointed behalf of creditors, of a Miss Hare, alleged to out that the decision in the Queen's Bench, on have been the last owner of the picture. Mr. which the decision in this case had proceeded, Francis George Hare lived and died abroad, and was directly opposed to a previous case in the was not so generally known as his younger Exchequer, and also to another case in the brothers, but he was, it appears, a man of great Queen's Bench, in which the judgment was de- taste, and in his infancy was a child of remarklivered by Mr. Justice Blackburn; and it was able beauty. One of his mother's sisters maradded that the Exchequer decision had been de- ried the great scholar Sir William Jones. She clared right in another case in the Queen's was acquainted with Sir Joshua Reynolds, and Bench. And the present Lord Chancellor had in 1788 he painted for her a portrait of her decided a case as Vice Chancellor in accordance nephew Francis. In 1835 the picture was enBoth copy with the decision under appeal. This state of graved, and a copy of the engraving was prothings brings us back to a suggestion, which we duced. It was entitled "Infancy.' have made more than once, that there should be and engraving displayed all the grace and beauty a standing committee of legal and other mem- which marked Sir Joshua's portraits of children. bers of the House of Commons, to whom matters The learned judge, on looking at it, pronounced of conflict in legal decisions should be referred. it truly beautiful. In 1845 it was exhibited at It seems a great hardship that suitors should be the British Institution, and it is include and made to pay the expense of rendering the con- described in Cotton 8 Catalogue of the portraits fusion in our law worse confounded, without by Sir Joshua, published in 1857. The jury, any reasonable certainty of obtaining just de-after hearing evidence, found for the defendant. cisions in their particular causes.

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THE report upon the manufacture of paper in PRAYER OFFERED BY ORDER OF THE ARCH- Japan, which has lately been presented to both Houses of Parliament, is an opportune document. BISHOP OF CANTERBURY, FOR THE PRINCE OF WALES AND THE ROYAL FAMILY. "O Al-It may suggest to inventive minds in England mighty God and Merciful Father, to whom some method by which the paper famine with alone belong the issues of life and death, look which we are threatened may be mitigated. down from Heaven, we humbly beseech Thee, Consul Annesley says that there are no reasons -a plant resembling a wilshould not be with the eyes of mercy upon Albert Edward, why the kaji shrub. Prince of Wales, now lying upon the bed of low in appearance and habits sickness. Thou Father of Mercies and God of introduced into this country; and he states that All Comfort, our only help in time of need, we paper may be made from its bark, which is of fly unto Thee for succour on behalf of Thy ser- very rapid growth, at a far cheaper rate than But the truth is, we depend upon vant. Grant, O Lord, that all the sins of his from rags. life past may be done away and his soul washed rags for our paper only to a certain degree. A in the precious blood of Christ that it may be great deal of our paper is now manufactured out pure and without spot before Thee. If it shall of other materials, and especially from " be Thy pleasure, prolong, we beseech Thee, his to" or Spanish grass, of which no fewer than days here on earth, and grant that he may live 150,000 tons were last year imported into Engto Thee, and be an instrument of Thy glory, and land. In seven years its price has risen from Prepare 9s. to £10 per ton, and now that its use has bea blessing to our Church and nation. him, O most loving Father, by Thy Holy Spirit, come general, we are told that the supply will for all that lies before him, in life or in death, very soon altogether fail. It appears that the Our Lord-Amen." proprietors of coast-lands in Spain, where alone through Jesus Christ "Almighty and Everlasting God, who guidest the plant flourishes, in their eagerness to grow the hearts of Kings, and who hast blest and rich have well-nigh exterminated the source of sanctified the bonds of love to knit together the their wealth. Instead of mowing the grass, it members of all Christian families, look down, has been pulled up by the roots, and it is we beseech Thee, on Thy servants Victoria, our doubted whether all Spain can now furnish us Queen, and the Princess of Wales, in this day of with a single year's ordinary supply. Pall Mall Budget. their great trouble, and on all the Royal Family. Comfort and support them in their present trial, and grant that their hearts may be stayed only upon Thee, through Jesus Christ our LordAmen."

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NUMBERS OF THE LIVING AGE WANTED. The publishers are in want of Nos. 1179 and 1180 (dated respectively Jan. 5th and Jan. 12th, 1867) of THE LIVING AGE. To subscribers, or others, who will do us the favor to send us either or both of those numbers, we will return an equivalent, either in our publications or in cash, until our wants are supplied.

PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY BY
LITTELL & GAY, BOSTON.

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FOR EIGHT DOLLARS, remitted directly to the Publishers, the LIVING AGE will be punctually forwarded for a year, free of postage. But we do not prepay postage on less than a year, nor where we have to pay commission for forwarding the money.

Price of the First Series, in Cloth, 36 volumes, 90 dollars.

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Second "

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The Complete Work,

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Any Volume Bound, 3 dollars; Unbound, 2 dollars. The sets, or volumes, will be sent at the expense of the publishers.

PREMIUMS FOR CLUBS.

For 5 new subscribers ($40.), a sixth copy; or a set of HORNE'S INTRODUCTION TO THE BIBLE, unabridged, in 4 large volumes, cloth, price $10; or any 5 of the back volumes of the LIVING AGE, in numbers, price $10.

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Unless the gods smile, human toil is vain.
The crowning blessing of all work is drawn
Not from ourselves, but from the powers above.
And this none better knew than Chersiphron,
When on the plains of Ephesus he reared
The splendid temple built to Artemis.

With patient labour he had placed at last
The solid jambs on either side the door,-
And now for many a weary day he strove
With many a plan and many a fresh device,
Still seeking and still failing, on these jambs
Level to lay the lintel's massive weight.
Still it defied him,- and worn out at last,
Along the steps he laid him down at night.
Sleep would not come. With dull distracting
pain

The problem hunted through his feverish thoughts,

Till in his dark despair he longed for Death, And threatened his own life with his own hand.

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To the desolate dreary camp,
Where the soldier in the deadly damp
Of the trenches his perilous night-watch keeps,
With death abroad on the murky air
Around him, or under his rough tent sleeps,
And by the light of dreamland fair,
Beholds the parks and the terraced walls,
And the beeches that shadow his father's halls—

To the vast solitudes

And glades of hoar Canadian woods,
Where the emigrant, from year to year,
A lonely waif from his native land,
Through the winter twilight still and drear,
Watches beside the pine-wood brand,
Thoughtfully tracing in the blaze
Pictures of long-past boyish days-

To each, to all, they come,

Letters from home, with their precious sum
Of tireless love and sympathy,
And remembrance dear-like the plaintive
strain

Of some beloved old melody,

Soothing the bitter speechless pain
Of a life-long parting to restful calm,
By the blessed strength of their healing balm.

LOVE'S DANGER.

The sweet soft subtle cadence of a word,
A SUDDEN glance, a hint no others guess,

And all the surface of a life is stirred
To the light rippling waves of happiness.

A jarring jest, an act unseen or slighted,
A shy allusion missed, a mocking smile;
And joy and hope and peace so glad erewhile,
Shrink back like April buds by east winds
blighted.

Ah, mighty arbiters of heart and life,

Ye loved ones! know your sceptre's boundless

sway;

Nor in a careless hour fling gems away,
Whose worth would buckler you through storm
and strife.

The flowers of joy as fragile are, as fair;
The leaves may wither, though the roots endure;
Let Love's strong hand their first bright bloom

secure,

Or dread to lose the tender glory there.

All the Year Round.

From The Contemporary Review. " Jansenism” as meaning "attaching too THE SECULAR STUDIES OF THE CLERGY. little importance to the forms and ceremo

“I hold every man to be a debtor to his profes- nies observed by the Church," * it would sion; from the which, as men of course do seek to surely seem to be time to speak up for receive countenance and profit, so ought they of duty to endeavour themselves by way of amends to theological study. be a help and ornament thereunto."

But in a matter of this kind common Bacon.- Marims of the Law.

sense may be trusted to make its way in The fact that theology ought, as a mat- the long-run. We have learnt, by no ter of course, to make a part of the men- means too quickly, that soldiers and lawtal training of clergymen is widely, though yers both need some exact professional not universally, acknowledged; but there training before being permitted to lead are very.many schemes, from the lists of troops and conduct suits; and we may be divinity schools and examining chaplains very certain that the same notion will at to the more elaborate recommendations last obtain recognition in the case of reof formal treatises, to guide the young ligious teachers. I have thus no fear upon ecclesiastic in the selection of books. this head.

No doubt, theological stu in England I confess, however, to a very strong, is in a highly unsa isfactory condition, and and, as it seems to me, well-founded apcan hardly be said even to exist. Not prehension about the future general trainany serial, magazine, or journal devoted ing of the English clergy, which looks as solely to this vast and interesting pursuit, though on the brink of graver perils than whatever may have been its school, has the existing ones. succeeded in maintaining a footing. If What I mean is this. Up to the present not subsidized it has died ; if subsidized, day the great bulk of the Anglican clergy it lingers on as a feeble exotic, incapable has been drawn from the Universities, and of vigorous continuance and propagation. the tide of literates which flowed in a few

That which passes here for scientific years ago has for the time somewhat retheology at the present day is either mi- ceded. And however little the average nute textual criticism, or vague, pietistic pass-ınan may have availed himself of his declamation, both of them holding a cer- opportunities of culture, yet he must needs tain position in the field of divinity, but a have been surrounded for several years of inerely subordinate and ancillary one, no his life with an intellectual atmosphere, more to be confounded with the scope of which cannot but influence his subsequent the main subject than a dissertation on tastes and habits, and produce some, at enclitics, or a panegyric of Homer, can be least, of the effects of higher education. substituted for an intelligent grasp of the Now, on the other hand, one danger has moral, religious, political, and mental de come, and another is near. The steady velopment of ancient Greece.

change, amounting to a practical revoluAnd the remarkable inexactness of tion, which bas affected our public schools thought and paucity of information as to and Universities, making athletics and the very terminology of divinity prevalent physical training the main subject of amongst the great mass of the educated study, while science and literature are republic

, clerical and lay; the current lack legated to the background, and pursued, it of knowledge as to its axioms, definitions, would seem, even by their few votaries, as and postulates; nay, as to its broadest his- a means of pecuniary gain or of official adtorical facts, might seem to make the dis- vancement, rather than from any true love cussion of the theological studies of the of learning, makes it quite possible for a clergy a matter of much more pressing young man of our day to attain the deimportance than that which I have adopted gree of Master of Arts with a more slenas my theme.

der stock of knowledge, literary or scienWhen a journal of such high position as tific, than might fairly be looked for from the Times can air its own profound ignorance, and presume on that of the public

Times, October 6, 1871, p. 8, foot-note to first 80 far as to define the well-known term column.

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