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COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS

JAMIE L. WHITTEN, Mississippi, Chairman EDWARD P. BOLAND, Massachusetts

SILVIO O. CONTE, Massachusetts WILLIAM H. NATCHER, Kentucky

JOSEPH M. McDADE, Pennsylvania NEAL SMITH, Iowa

JACK EDWARDS, Alabama JOSEPH P. ADDABBO, New York

JOHN T. MYERS, Indiana CLARENCE D. LONG, Maryland

J. KENNETH ROBINSON, Virginia SIDNEY R. YATES, Illinois

CLARENCE E. MILLER, Ohio DAVID R. OBEY, Wisconsin

LAWRENCE COUGHLIN, Pennsylvania EDWARD R. ROYBAL, California

C. W. BILL YOUNG, Florida LOUIS STOKES, Ohio

JACK F. KEMP, New York TOM BEVILL, Alabama

RALPH S. REGULA, Ohio BILL CHAPPELL, Florida

CLAIR: W. BURGENER, California BILL ALEXANDER, Arkansas

GEORGE M. O'BRIEN, Illinois JOHN P. MURTHA, Pennsylvania

VIRGINIA SMITH, Nebraska BOB TRAXLER, Michigan

ELDON RUDD, Arizona JOSEPH D. EARLY, Massachusetts

CARL D. PURSELL, Michigan CHARLES WILSON, Texas

MICKEY EDWARDS, Oklahoma LINDY (MRS. HALE) BOGGS, Louisiana BOB LIVINGSTON, Louisiana ADAM BENJAMIN, JR., Indiana

BILL GREEN, New York NORMAN D. DICKS, Washington

TOM LOEFFLER, Texas MATTHEW F. McHUGH, New York

JERRY LEWIS, California BO GINN, Georgia

CARROLL A. CAMPBELL, JR., WILLIAM LEHMAN, Florida

South Carolina JACK HIGHTOWER, Texas

JOHN EDWARD PORTER, Ilinois MARTIN OLAV SABO, Minnesota JULIAN C. DIXON, California VIC FAZIO, California W. G. (BILL) HEFNER, North Carolina LES AUCOIN, Oregon DANIEL K. AKAKA, Hawaii WES WATKINS, Oklahoma WILLIAM H. GRAY, III, Pennsylvania BERNARD J. DWYER, New Jersey

KEITH F. MAINLAND, Clerk and Staff Director

ENERGY AND WATER DEVELOPMENT

APPROPRIATIONS FOR 1983

TUESDAY, MARCH 9, 1981. ATOMIC ENERGY DEFENSE ACTIVITIES

WITNESSES HERMAN E. ROSER, ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR DEFENSE PROGRAMS TROY E. WADE, PRINCIPAL DEPUTY ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR DE

FENSE PROGRAMS MAJ. GEN. WILLIAM W. HOOVER, DEPUTY ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR

MILITARY APPLICATION JAMES W. CULPEPPER, DEPUTY ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR SECURITY

AFFAIRS MAJ. GEN. DAVID W. EINSEL, DEPUTY ASSISTANT TO THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE (ATOMIC ENERGY) Mr. BEVILL. The committee will come to order. The Chair recognizes Mr. Rudd. Mr. RUDD. Mr. Chairman, since the subject matter of this meeting deals with national security, I move that the meetings be closed-closed sessions for today and tomorrow, March 9 and 10. Mr. BEVILL. All right. You have heard the motion. The Clerk will call the roll. The CLERK. Mr. Bevill? Mr. BEVILL. Aye. The CLERK. Mr. Boland? Mr. BOLAND. Aye. The CLERK. Mrs. BOGGS? Mrs. BOGGS. Aye. The CLERK. Mr. Fazio? Mr. FAZIO. Aye. The CLERK. Mr. Watkins? Mr. WATKINS. Aye. The CLERK. Mr. Myers? Mr. MYERS. Aye. The CLERK. Mr. Burgener? Mr. BURGENER. Aye. The CLERK. Mrs. Smith? Mrs. SMITH. Aye. The CLERK. Mr. Rudd? Mr. RUDD. Aye. The CLERK. Nine votes "aye.” No "nays”. Mr. BEVILL. All right.

The hearing is closed. Security will make certain that those here are cleared; Mr. Secretary, will you verify your personnel?

Mr. ROSER. I have done so, Mr. Chairman.
Mr. BEVILL. They are cleared?
Mr. ROSER. Yes, sir.
Mr. BEVILL. You may proceed as you wish, then, Mr. Secretary.
Mr. ROSER. Thank you."

Mr. BEVILL. This is your first appearance. We will put your biographical sketch in the record.

Mr. ROSER. Thank you, Mr. Chairman

[The biographical sketches of Messrs. Roser, Wade, and Hoover, follow:)

HERMAN E. ROSER Herman E. Roser was nominated by the President on June 2, 1981, and confirmed by the Senate on June 15, 1981, as Assistant Secretary for Defense Programs, U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). His major responsibilities include management of the Nation's nuclear weapons programs, coordination of the nuclear safeguards and security program, and coordination of international activities related to nuclear technology and materials.

Prior to his current appointment, Mr. Roser was Manager of DOE's Albuquerque Operations Office (ALO) in New Mexico, having assumed that post in June 1975. As Manager, Mr. Roser was responsible for field coordination and direction of the Nation's nuclear weapons production effort as well as for energy research and development programs at Sandia Laboratories and Los Alamos National Laboratory. In addition, he had responsibility for the national nuclear weapons and materials transportation system. He had served as Deputy Manager since September 1972 when ALO was part of the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC), predecessor to the Energy Research and Development Administration, which was succeeded by the DOE.

Mr. Roser joined the AEC at Los Alamos, New Mexico, in 1961 as Assistant Area Manager for Community Affairs. He held positions of increasing responsibility until transferring to the Headquarters Office in Washington, D.C. as Assistant Director of the Division of Military Application in 1968. He remained in the latter position until his return to New Mexico as Deputy Manager of ALO in 1972.

From 1948 until joining the AEC, Mr. Roser was with the Zia Company at Los Alamos, New Mexico. Previously, he had served with several Federal agencies, including the Office of War Assets Administration in Albuquerque, New Mexico.

Mr. Roser attended the 1977 session of the Program for Senior Managers in Government at Harvard University, Harvard Business School, Kennedy School of Government . In July 1975, Mr. Roser received the AEC's Distinguished Service Award in recognition of his outstanding service in managing programs vital to the nation's security. He received the New Mexico Distinguished Public Service Award in April 1974. He was designated as a Meritorious Executive in the Senior Executive Service by President Carter in 1980. He is an active member of numerous professional and academic organizations.

Mr. Roser was born in San Marcial, New Mexico.

TROY E. WADE II Troy E. Wade II is the Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary for Defense Pro grams in the Department of Energy (DOE). Defense Programs' responsibilities include the research, development, testing, production, surveillance and retirement of all U.S. nuclear weapons, production of nuclear materials, defense nuclear wastes, safeguards and security, international security affairs, inertial fusion and classification.

Mr. Wade has been associated with the U.S. nuclear weapons program since 1958. He was Deputy Manager of the DOE's Nevada Operations Office (NVO) from April 1978 until named the DOE Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary for Defense Pro grams on July 19, 1981.

While Deputy Manager of NVO, Mr. Wade had oversight of the Nevada Test Site operations for weapons testing, including test construction and security. He served

as Test Controller, the official who determines whether a nuclear test should be conducted as scheduled.

Mr. Wade also was largely responsible for putting together the Nation's Nuclear Emergency Search Team (NEST). He was Deputy Commander for Operation Morning Light, the search for radioactive debris from the Russian Cosmos satellite which crashed in Canada.

Mr. Wade joined the Atomic Energy Commission in 1968 at its Las Vegas Office. He has held positions as Nuclear Safety Branch Chief, Director of the Nuclear Systems Division, and Assistant Manager for Operations.

Mr. Wade is a native of Cripple Creek, Colorado. He attended the College of Mechanical Engineering of the University of Colorado (1952-54). He is a member of the American Ordnance Association, American Nuclear Society and a past Associate Member of the American Institute of Mining Engineers. In 1981, Mr. Wade was awarded the rank of Meritorious Executive in the Senior Executive Service.

Mr. Wade and his wife Mary are the parents of three children; a daughter, Sherri Wade McKenzie, 28, and sons Terry, 26, and Scott, 20.

MAJ. GEN. WILLIAM W. HOOVER, USAF Major General William W. Hoover has served as Director of the Office of Military Application in the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Defense Programs, U.S. De partment of Energy (DOE), since September 13, 1979. In this position, he directs the Nation's nuclear weapons program; having management responsibility for all research, development, testing, and production of these weapons.

Prior to joining DOE, General Hoover, was commanding Officer of the Lowry Technical Training Center, Lowry Air Force Base, Colorado. He assumed duties as Commander on April 25, 1978. From 1976 until April 1978, he served as the Military Assistant to the Secretary of the Air Force. He was assigned to Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe in Brussels, Belgium, from 1973 to 1976.

In 1972, General Hoover served at Da Nang Air Base in the Republic of Vietnam. His initial assignment was as Deputy Chief of Staff, Operations, for the 366th Tactical Fighter Wing, and subsequently he served as the last American Wing Commander at Da Nang from June 1972 until March 1973.

From November 1966 until August 1970, General Hoover was a planning and programing officer in the Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Plans and Operations, Headquarters, U.S. Air Force, Washington, D.C. During 1965, he served as an operations officer for the 57th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron at Keflavik Airport in Iceland. From 1960 to 1964 he was the Technical Manager for various research and development projects at the Air Force Space Systems Division, Los Angeles, California. From 1955 to 1959, he was assigned to Castle Air Force Base, California, as a fighter-interceptor pilot.

General Hoover was commissioned a second lieutenant in the U.S. Air Force upon graduation from the U.S. Naval Academy in 1954. He subsequently graduated from pilot training in 1955. In 1960, he received a Master of Science degree in aeronautical engineering from the Air Force Institute of Technology. He graduated from the Air Command and Staff College in 1965 and the National War College in 1971.

He has received numerous military decorations and awards including the Air Force Distinguished Service Medal, Legion of Merit with one oak leaf cluster, Distinguished Flying Cross with one oak leaf cluster, Meritorious Service Medal, and the Air Medal with six oak leaf clusters. He flew 97 combat missions in Vietnam.

General Hoover was born March 30, 1932, in St. Joseph, Missouri. He is married to the former Nan Widmann of Pomona, California. They have two children; a daughter, Dawn, and a son, Ken.

STATEMENT OF HERMAN E. ROSER, ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR

DEFENSE PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Mr. ROSER. Mr. Chairman, members of the committee, it is a pleasure for me to be with you for the first time and to testify on behalf of the defense programs that are under my cognizance as Assistant Secretary for Defense Programs.

Today, I plan to discuss the nuclear weapons program which includes inertial fusion, the verification and control technology effort, the nuclear material security and safeguards work, and the agency's security investigations function.

I will cover our materials production and defense nuclear waste management activities tomorrow.

Mr. Chairman, I have a rather lengthy written statement and, with your concurrence, I would like to simply insert that into the record and talk informally. Mr. BEVILL. Without objection, it is so ordered.

(Mr. Roser's written statement and copies of the charts used with his presentation follow:)

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