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the Poets, that is, with great felf-sufficiency, afferts,

Nec meus Eudoxi vincatur Faftibus annus.

Now, if he had looked carefully into Lucan, X. 187. he inight have found, that they are not the words of the Poet, but of Julius Cæfar; who was the Reformer of the Roman Year, and might speak thus, without arrogance.

I do not remember to have seen in any Author the time mentioned, when the Olympic Games, and other games of the fame kind in other places, 'ceased to be celebrated.*

In order to be chosen one of the six principal magistrates of Strasburg, a man must prove that he is ignoble, and a Plebeian, descended from Plebeians for eight generations. See La Mothe le Vayer.

16. The more abfurd' and incredible any divine mystery, the greater honour,” fays Bacon, « we do to God in believing it.”mic I wonder that such a man should have adopted such a doctrine, and have had so little regard for his own reputation; for he who talks in this manner, will always fall under

* In a subsequent passage, Dr. Jortin observes from Massieu, Hift. de L'Acad. III. 67. That the Isthmian Games ceased' about the time of the Emperor Hadrian. + See Vol. I. of this work, P. 373.

the

the suspicion of being either a true Fanatic, or a disguised Infidel. As to Bacon's Editor, he hath taken fufficient care, both in his note upon this paffage, and in a Preface, Vol. I. p. 284. to let us know that he himself is not a Fanatic. See Bacon's Works, by Shaw. As to Bacon, he seems to have given way to his fancy, and exercised his wit, in drawing up Christian Paradoxes. Vol. I. p. 262. II. p. 285.

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The fame Author tells us, that the age of the cat terminates between fix and ten,” What Juvenal lays of Tyrants, (Sat. X. 112) is true of Cats, that feldom do they die a natural death.

Ad generum Cereris fine cæde et vulnere paucæ
Descendunt Feles, et ficcâ morte fruuntur.

But, if they escape the hands of violence, they hold out beyond the period assigned by Bacon. I had one that lived with me fourteen years *; and I have heard of some that were much older.

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How little the duties of Toleration and Moderation were understood, either by Papists or Protestants, in the fixteenth century, is evident from a letter of Melanchthon, who yet seems to have been

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* For an Epitaph on this favourite domestick, see No. XIX. of the Lusus Poetici, inserted in Vol. I, Page 39.

a Divine

CURSOR Y OBSERVATIONS.

TIONS

431

a Divine of much mildness and good nature. Con cerning the burning of Servetus, he says to Bullinger, “ Legi quæ de Serveti blasphemiis respondistis, et pietatem ac judicia vestra probo. Judico etiam Senatum Genevenfem re&fecifè, quod homineni pertinacem, et non omisurum blafphemias sustulit: Ac miratus sum elle, qui severitatem illam improbent.

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It is certain that the Romans greatly abhorred and condemned human facrifices, long before Christianity had made its appearanceamongst them: and I observe that the Fathers and Apologists Tatian, Theophilus, Athanafius, Tertullian, Cyprian, Minucius, Firmicus, Prudentius,--speak with caution upon this subject. None of them say directly that human victims were offered up to Jupiter Latiaris, but only human blood; which might be done inany ways, without any human facrifice in form. - I take the cafe to have been, that at a certain time of the year, when they had shews in the Amphitheatre, they took the blood of fome condemned man, some gladiator, or some criminal who was exposed to wild beasts, and offered it up to this Jupiter *. If a Cæsar, a Livy, or a Tacitus had lived in later ages, and heard of the proceedings of the Inquisition, they would have said that those nations worshipped Christ,--and his mother, as a Goddess; and used to

# See Justin Martyr, p. 128, and Thirlby's note.

offer

offer

up

human victims to them in a cruel manner, by burning them alive.

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It is an observation of Montaignè, that “Of those who have made themselves famous in the world, he would lay a wager to produce more who died before, than after, thirty-five.” Effais, Tom. I. 19. I have, I believe, considered this matter more than Montaigne, and marked the years of the life of many hundred scholars. And, setting afide violent deaths, I look upon fixty-three to be the middle term of life; there being about as many who have died before, as at fixty-three and upwards. The number of those who died at or near fixty-three is so far greater than at any other year, that I suspect it hath not been called the grand climaēleric, without some reason. The bodies of many persons seem to be a machine wound up for that period; which may be Thortened, but cannot be much lengthened.

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The separation of the Jews from the Gentiles was a proof that the Jewish religion was not of general concern; for if there had been no other way to heaven, God would not thus have shut out the Gentiles.

In the first protestant schools and universities of
Germany, most of the students were very poor:
They supported themselves by begging and finging

psalms

Psalms from door to door: they studied by moonlight, for want of candles; they were almost starved for want of fire; and often went to bed with an empty stomach : Yet the earnest desire of erudition conquered all' these difficulties, and they became private tutors, schoolmasters, preachers, and profeffors. Our young folks now have not the tenth part of these hardships to endure, nor a tenth part of their industry and learning,

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Blackwell is an author who hath taken commendable pains to vindicate the style, and to point out the beauties of the New Testament. It is pity that his own style should be so conceited, and so full of affectation.

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The Athenians, a polite people, gave polite names to ugly things. They called the jail, the house; the hangman, lov Amusov, the commoner; a thief, a LOVER: that is, one who fell in love with a purse of money, or with some such pretty object, &c.”

Herodotus says, that amongst the Thracians, to work was mean and infamous; to do nothing was the mark and privilege of a gentleman. ’Appir ειναι, κάλλισον» γης δε έργα της, αλιμολαιον.

In many places Erasmus highly commends Si-
gismundus Gelenius, who was the corrector of Fro-
VOL. I.
Ff

ben's

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