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She, therewith well apaid, The drunken lamp down in the oil did steep.

Ciris. 344.


Inverso bibulum reftinguens lumen olivo.
Where see Scaliger. “ Drunken Lamp:" So
Prudentius, CATHEM. ad incenfum cerei, 21.

Vivax flamma viget, feu cava testula
Succum linteolo fuggerit ebrio,
Seu pinus piceam fert alimoniam,

Seu ceram teretem ftuppa calens bibit.
Martial, X. 38.

lucerna Nimbis ebria Nicerotianis. Aristophanes calls a lamp wórns aúscu@, Nub. 57. and it is a more proper metaphor to represent it as a great drinker, than as a great eater : Yet Alcaus της σότας λύχνος αδηφάγος είπεν, 1ays Suidas On the word αδηφαγία.

The antient Poets are fond of this metaphor. Claudian, Conf. Pr. et Ol. 250.

---jam profluat ebrius amnis Mutatis in vina vadis,


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Sidonius, Carm. XV. 129.

Ebria nec folum fpirat conchylia fandix. Prudentius, [Tepi EtEQ. 1044.

Oftendit udum verticem, barbam gravem,

Vittas madentes, atque ami&tus ebrios. Martial. XIV. 154

Ebria Sidoniæ cum fim de sanguine concha,

Non video quare fobria lana vocer.
Homer. Il. p. 389.

Ως δ' ότ' ανήρ ταύροιο βοός μεγάλοιο βοείην
Ααοίσιν δώη τανύειν μεθυεσαν αλοιφή. .

Ut vero cum vir tauri bovis magni pellem

Populis dederit distendendam ebriam pinguedine.
So Ifaias, according to the version of the LXX.
Chap. lviii. 10. ryksan ws xñto ustów. See Deut.
xxxii. 42. Isai. xxxiv. 7.
So, on the other hand, Tibullus, II. 1. 46.

Miftaque fecuro fobria lympha mero eft.
Statius, Silv. IV, 11. 36.

nudos Umbravit colles, et fobria rura Lycus. Silv, IV. III. II.

Qui caftæ Cereri diu negata
Reddit jugera, sobriafque terras.



CANTO I11. 29.
Where thee yet shall he leave, for memory
Of his late puissance, his image dead,
That, living him, in all activity

To thee shall represent. That is; He, dead, shall leave thee his image. Or, his image dead is, the image of him dead. When he dies, he fhall leave thee a son, the image of himself.

II. X. 34.

His son Rival his dead room shall supply.

S TANZ. XXXII. Merlin gives an account to Britomartis of the illustrious British Princes that were to descend from her; and having mentioned Malgo, breaks out thus:

Behold the man, and tell me, Britomart,
If ay more goodly creature thou didft fee;
How like a giant in each inanly part
Bears he himself with portly majesty,

That one of the old heroes seems to be!
These elegant lines are a distant copy of what
Anchises says in Virgil to Æneas, when he shews
him his posterity. Æn. VI. 771, &c.
Qui jtrvenes, quantas oftentart, aspice, vires !

-Vidin' ut geminæ liant vertice criftæ ?his vir, bic ef?, tibi quem promitti fepius audis, &c.

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It inight be objected to Spenser, that Merlin not
causing the posterity of Britomartis to appear be-
fore her, but only giving her an account of them,
'tis a little violent to break out,

Behold the man, &c.
when the reader is not prepared for it by any thing
that went before. He uses seems for he seems, ac-
cording to custom.

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Was never so great waste in any place,
Nor so foul outrage doen by living men;
For all thy cities they shall fack and rase,

And the green grass, that groweth, they shall bren;
That even the wild beast shall die in starved den.

A fine description of utter desolation. Starved den
is vastly bold; yet not to be condemned neither,
I think.


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After Merlin had given an account of the ruin
of the Britons;

The Damzel was full deep empaffioned,
Both for his grief, and for her people's fake,
Whose future woes so plain he fashioned ;
And fighing fore, at length him thus bespake, &c.


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This is natural and poetical. So Milton, Par. Lot, XI. 754

How didst thou grieve then, Adam, to behold
The end of all thy offspring, end so sad,
Depopulation! thee another flood,
Of tears and sorrow a flood thee also drown'd,
And sunk thee as thy fons; till gently rear'd
By th' Angel, on thy feet thou stood' t at last,
Tho' comfortless, as when a father mourns
His children, all in view destroy'd at once ;
And scarce to th' Angel utter’dst thus thy plaint.

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There Merlin stay'd,
As overcomen of the Spirit's power,
Or other ghastly spectacle dismay’d,
That secretly he saw, yet n'ote discouer:
Which sudden fit, and half extatic stour,
When those two fearful women saw, they grew
Greatly confused in behaviour.

At last the fury past; to former hue Sheturn’dagain,and cheerful looks, as earst,did shew.

So Hughes's Ed. and Fol. 1679. But it should be, He turn'd again; i. e. Merlin.


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