i Gent. I think, or in any religion.

Lucio. Ay! why not? Grace is grace, despite of all controversy :? As for example; Thou thyself art a wicked villain, despite of all grace.

1 Gent. Well, there went but a pair of shears between us.8

Lucio. I grant; as there may between the lists and the velvet: Thou art the list.

1 Gent. And thou the velvet: thou art good velvet; thou art a three-pil'd piece, I warrant thee: I had as lief be a list of an English kersey, as be pil'd, as thou art pild, for a French velvet.' Do I speak feelingly now?

7 Grace is grace, despite of all controversy :) Satirically imsinu. ating, that the controversies about grace were so intricate and endless, that the disputants unsettled every thing but this, that grace was grace; which, however, in spite of controversy, still remained certain. Warburton.

I am in doubt whether Shakspeare's thoughts reached so far into ecclesiastical disputes. Every commentator is warped a little by the tract of his own profession. The question is, whether the second gentleman has ever heard grace. The first gentleman limits the question to grace in metre. Lucio enlarges it to grace in any form or language. The first gentleman, to go beyond him, says, or in any religion, which Lucio allows, because the nature of things is unalterable; grace is as immutably grace, as his merry antagonist is a wicked villain. Differ. ence in religion cannot make a grace not to be grace, a prayer not to be holy; as nothing can make a villain not to be a villain. This seems to be the meaning, such as it is. Johnson.

there went but a pair of shears between us.] We are both of the same piece. Johnson.

So, in The Maid of the Mill, by Beaumont and Fletcher :« There went but a pair of shears and a bodkin, beetween them.” Steevens.

The same expression is likewise found in Marston's Malcon. tent, 1604 : “ There goes but a pair of shears betwixt an emperor and the son of a bagpiper; only the dying, dressing, pressing, and glossing, makes the difference.” Malone.

- pild, as thou art pild, for a French velvet.] The jest about the pile of a French velvet, alludes to the loss of hair in the French disease, a very frequent topic of our author's jocu. larity. Lucio finding that the gentleman understands the distemper so well, and mentions it so feelingly, promises to remember to drink his health, but to forget to drink after him. It was the opinion of Shakspeare's time, that the cup of an infected person was contagious. Fobnson.

The jest lies between the similar sound of the words pilld and



Lucio. I think thou dost; and, indeed, with most painful feeling of thy speech: I will, out of thine own confession, learn to begin thy health; but, whilst I live, forget to drink after thee.

1 Gent. I think, I have done myself wrong; have I pot?

2 Gent. Yes, that thou hast; whether thou art tainted, or free.

Lucio. Behold, behold, where madam Mitigation comes!I have purchased as many diseases under her roof, as come to

2 Gent. To what, I pray?
1 Gent. Judge.
2 Gent. To three thousand dollars a-year.2
1 Gent. Ay, and more.
Lucio. A French crown more.3

1 Gent. Thou art always figuring diseases in me: but thou art full of error; I am sound.

pild. This I have elsewhere explained, under a passage in Henry VIII:

Pilld priest thou liest,” Steevens. 1 Behold, bebold, where madam Mitigation comes.] In the old copy this speech and the next but one, are attributed to Lucio. The present regulation was suggested by Mr. Pope. What Lucio says afterwards, “ A French crown more," proves that it is right. He would not utter a sarcasm against himself.

Malune. 2 To three thousand dollars a-year.] A quibble intended between dollars and dolours. Hanmer.

The same jest occurred before in The Tempest. Fohnson.

3 A French crown more.] Lucio means here not the piece of money so called, but that venereal scab, which among the surgeons is styled corona Veneris. To this, I think, our author likewise makes Quince allude in A Midsummer Night's Dream:

“ Some of your French crowns have no hair at all; and then you will play bare-faced.”

For where these eruptions are, the skull is carious, and the party becomes bald. Theobald.

So, in The Return from Parnassus, 1606: "1

may chance indeed to give the world a bloody nose; but it shall hardly give me a crack'd crown, though it gives other poets French crowns.Again, in the Dedication to Gabriel Harvey's Hunt is up, 1598:

- never metst with any requital, except it were some few French crownes, pil'd friers crownes,” &c.


Lucio. Nay, not as one would say, healthy; but so sound, as things that are hollow: thy bones are hollow;4 impiety has made a feast of thee.

Enter Bawd. 1 Gent. How now? Which of your hips has the most profound sciatica?

Bawd. Well, well; there 's one yonder arrested, and carry'd to prison, was worth five thousand of you all.

| Gent. Who 's that, I pray thee? Bawd. Marry, sir, that 's Claudio, signior Claudio. 1 Gent. Claudio to prison ! 'tis not so.

Bawd. Nay, but I know, 'tis so: I saw him arrested; saw him carried away; and, which is more, within these three days his head's to be chopped off.

Lucio. But, after all this fooling, I would not have it 50: Art thou sure of this?

Bawd. I am too sure of it: and it is for getting madam Julietta with child.

Lucio. Believe me, this may be: he promised to meet me two hours since; and he was ever precise in promise-keeping

2 Gent. Besides, you know, it draws something near to the speech we had to such a purpose.

1 Gent. But most of all, agreeing with the proclamation. Lucio. Away; let 's go learn the truth of it.

[Exeunt Lucio, and Gentlemen. Bawd. Thus, what with the war, what with the sweat,s what with the gallows, and what with poverty, I am custom-shrunk. How now? what 's the news

with you?



thy bones are hollow;] So Timon, addressing himself to Phrynia and Timandra :

“ Consumptions sow
“ In hollow bones of man." Steevens.

- wbat with the sweat,] This may allude to the sweating sickness, of which the memory was very fresh in the time of Shakspeare: but more probably to the method of cure then used for the diseases contracted in brothels. Fohnson. So, in the comedy of Doctor Dodypoll, 1600:

“ You are very moist, sir: did you sweat all this, I pray? So You have not the disease, I hope.” Steevens.

Enter Clown.
Clo. Yonder man is carried to prison.
Bawd. Well; what has he done?
Clo. A woman.6
Bawd. But what's his offence?
Clo. Groping for trouts in a peculiar river.?
Bawd. What, is there a maid with child by him?

Clo. No; but there's a woman with maid by him: You have not heard of the proclamation, have you?

Bawd. What, proclamation, man?

Clo. All houses in the suburbs: of Vienna must be pluck'd down.

Bawd. And what shall become of those in the city?

Clo. They shall stand for seed: they had gone down too, but that a wise burgher put in for them.

Bawd. But shall all our houses of resort in the suburbs be pull’d down? 9


what has be done? Clo. A woman.] The ancient meaning of the verb to do, (though now obsolete) may be guess’d at from the following passages :

" Chiron. Thou hast undone our mother.

Aaron. Villain, I've done thy mother.” Titus Andronicus. Again, in Ovid's Elegies, translated by Marlowe, printed at Middlebourg, no date:

“The strumpet with the stranger will not do,

“ Before the room is clear, and door put to.” Again, in The Maid's Tragedy, Act II, Evadne, while undres. sing, says,

I am soon undone, Dula answers,

“ And as soon done." Hence the name of Over-done, which Shakspeare has appro. priated to his bawd. Collins.

in a peculiar river.] i. e. a river belonging to an individual; not public property. Malone.

8 All houses in the suburbs ] This is surely too general an expression, unless we suppose, that all the houses in the suburbs were bawdy-houses. It appears too, from what the bawd sấys below, “But shall all our houses of resort in the suburbs be pulled down?” that the Clown had been particular in his description of the houses which were to be pulled down. I am therefore inclined to believe that we should read here, all bawdy-houses, or all bouses of resort in the suburbs. Tyrwbitt.

9 But shall all our houses of resort in the suburbs be pulled down?] This will be understood from the Scotch law of Fames's

Clo. To the ground, mistress.

Bawd. Why, here's a change, indeed, in the commonwealth! What shall become of me?

Clo. Come; fear not you: good counsellors lack no clients: though you change your place, you need not change your trade; I'll be your tapster still. Courage; there will be pity taken on you: you that have worn your eyes almost out in the service, you will be considered.

Bawd. What's to do here, Thomas Tapster? Let's withdraw.

Clo. Here comes signior Claudio, led by the provost to prison: and there's madam Juliet.



The same.

Enter Provost, CLAUDIO, JULIET, and Officers; Lucio,

and two Gentlemen.

Claud. Fellow, why dost thou show ine thus to the

world? Bear me to prison, where I am committed.

Prov. I do it not in evil disposition, But from lord Angelo by special charge.

Claud. Thus can the demi-god, Authority, Make us pay down for our offence by weight.

time, concerning huires (whores): “that comoun women be put at the utmost endes of townes, queire least perril of fire is.” Hence Ursula the pig-woman, in Bartholomew-Fair: “I, I, gamesters, mock a plain, plump, soft wench of the suburbs, do!"

Farmer. So, in The Malcontent, 1604, when Altofront dismisses the various characters at the end of the play to different destinations, he says to Macquerelle the bawd:

thou unto the suburbs." Again, in Rain-Alley, or Merry Tricks, 1611:

“ Some fourteen bawds; he kept her in the suburbs " See Martial, where summæniana and suburbana are applied to prostitutes. Steevens.

The licensed houses of resort at Vienna are at this time all in the suburbs, under the permission of the Committe of Chastity.

S. W.

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