Mal. [reads] To the unknown beloved, this, and my good wishes : her very phrases -By your leave, waxSoft!--and the impressure her Lucrece, with which she uses to seal : 'tis my lady : To whom should this

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Fab. This wins him, liver and all.
Mal. [reads] Jove knows I love:

But who?
Lips do not more,

No man must know.
No man must know...What follows the numbers al-
tered !

-No man must know:-If this should be thee, Malvolio?

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recite, not the substance, hut the very words. So, in All's well
ibat ends well, Act V, Helen says:

here 's your letter; This it says:
When from 9:y finger you can get this ring,

Ad are by me with child;".
yet in Act III, sc. ri, she reads this very letter aloud; and there
the words are different, and in plain prose : “ When thou canst
get the ring upon my finger, which never shall come off, and
show me a child begotten of thy body; ".&c. Had she spoken
in either case from memory, the deviation Inight easily be ac-
counted for; but in both these places, she reads the words from
Bertram's letter. Malone.

From the usual custom of Shakspeare's age, we may easily suppose the whole direction to have run thus: “ To the Unknown belov'd, this, and my good wishes, with Care Present.”.

Ritson. By your leave, wax.cmSoft!] It was the custom in our poct's time to seal letters with soft wax, which retained its softness for a good while. The was used at present would have been hardened long before Malvolio picked up this letter. Sce, Tour Five Gallants, a comcdy, by Middleton : "Fetch a pennyvorth of saft wax to scal letters. So, Fulstaff, in K. Henry IV, P.II: "I have him already tempering between my finger and my thumb, and shortly will I seal with him." Malone. . I do not suppose that-Soft! has any reference to the was; but is merely an exclamation equivalent to Softly! i. c. be not in too much hastc. Thus, in The Merchant of Venice, Act IV, se. i:. “ Siofi! no haste." Again, in Troilus and Cressida : • Farewel. Yet soft."

I may also «serre, that though it was ancieritly the custom (as it still is) to seal certain legal instruments with soft and pliaAile wax, familiar letters (of which I have seen specimens from

the tiine of K. Henry VI, to K. James 1,) were secured with VaR as glossy and firm as that einployed in the prescnt year.

Steerens. .

Sir To: Marry, hang thee, brock!
Mal. I may command, where I adore:

But silence, like a Lucrece knife,
With bloodless stroke my heart doth gore;

M, O, A, I, doth sway my life.
Fab. A fustian riddle!
Sir To. Excellent wench, say I.

Mal. M, O, A, I, doth sway my life...Nay, but first, let me seem let me see,let me see.

Pab. What a dish of poison has she dress'd him! Sir To. And with what wing the stannyel checks at

· Mal. I may command where I adore. Why, she may command me; I serve her, she is my lady. Why, this is evident to any formal capacity. There is no obstruction in this;- And the end ;

-What should that alphabetical position portend? if I could make that resemble something in me,-Softly!—M, 0, A, Li!

brock!] i.e. badger. He uses the word as a term of contempt, as if he had said, bang ibee, cur! Out, filth! to stink like a brock being proverbial. Ritson. , Marry, bang ther, brock!).i. e. Marry, hang thee, thou dain, conceited coxcomb, thou over-weening rogue ! * Brock, which properly signifies a badger, was used in this sense in Shakspeare's time. So, in The merrie conceited Fests of George Peele, 4to. 1657: “ This self-conceited brock had George invited," &c. Mulone.

doth sway my life.] This phrase is seriously employed in As you like it, Act II1, sc. i: * Thy luntress name, that my full life dotb stay."

Steevens: stannyel -] The name of a kind of hawk is very judi ciously put here for a stallion, by Sir Thomas Hanmer. Fobnson.

To'cbeck, says Latham, in his book of Falconry, is, “when crows, rooks, pics, or other birds, coming in view of the hawk, she forsaketh her natural fight, to fly at them.". The stannyel is the common stone-hawk, which inbabits old buildings and rocky; in the north called stanchil. I have this information Mr. Lambe's notes on the ancient metrical history of the battle of Floddon. Steevens.

-formal capacity. J i.e. any one in his senses, any one whose capacity is not dis-arranged, or out of form. So, in Tbe Comedy of Errors:

M Make of him a formal man again.” Again, in Measure for Measure :

" These informal women." Steevens. sa jo

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Sir To. O, ay! make up that:-- he is now at a cold scent.

Fab. Sowters will cry upon 't, for all this, though it be as rank as a fox.*

Mal. M-Malvolio;-M-why, that begins my name.

Fab. Did not I say, he would work it out? the cur is excellent at faults.

Mal. M-But then there is no consonancy in the sequel; that suffers under probation: A should follow, but o does.

Fab. And O shall end I hope.s

Sir To. Ay, or I'll cudgel him, and make him cry, o.

Mal, and then I comes behinds

Fab. Ay an you had an eye behind you, you might see more detraction at your heels, than fortunes before you.

Mal. M, 0, A, 1;~This simulation is not as the former:-apd yet, to crush this a little, it would bow

3 Sowter

-] Sowter is here, I suppose, the name of a hound.. Sowterly, however, is often employed as a term of abuse. So, in Like Will to Like, &c. 1587 :

“You sowterly knaves, show you all your manners at once ?" A sowter was a cobler. So, in Greene's Card of Fancy; 1608: " If Apelles, that cunning painter, suffer the greasy sowter to take a view of his curious work,” &c. Steevens. L. I believe the meaning is-This fellow will, notwithstanding, catch at and be duped by our device, though the cheat is so gross that any one else would find it out: Our author, as usual, forgets to make his simile answer on both sides; for it is not to be won. dered at that a hound should cry or give his tongue, if the scent be as rank as a fox. Malone.

as rank as a fox.] Sir Thomas Hanmer reads," ROC as rank.” The other editions, though it be as rank, &c.

Fobnson. : . And O sball end, I hope.] By O is here meant what we now call a bempen collar. Johnson.

I believe he means only, it sball end in sighing, in disappointment. So, in Romeo and Juliet: " Why shopkil you

fall into so deep an O.?Again, in Decker's Honest Whore, second part, 1630: the brick house of castigation, the school where they pronounce no letter well, but 0.!" Again, in Hymen’s Triumph, by Daniel, 1623:

“ Like to an O, the character of wce." Sireert:8.

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to me, for every one of these letters are in my name. Soft; here follows prosei-If this fall into thy hand te-volve. In my stars I am above thee; but be not afraid of greatness: Some are born great,& some achieve greatness, and some have greatness thrust upon them. Thy fates open their hands ; let thy blood and spririt embrace them. And, to inure thyself to what theu art like to be, cast thy humble slough, and appear fresh. Be opposite? with a kinsman, surly with scrvants : let thy tongue tang arguments of state; put thyself into the trick of singularity: She thus advises thee, that sighs for thec. Remember who cohimended thy yellow stockings ;*

6 are born great,] The old copy reads-are become great. The alteration by Mr. Rowe. Strepens.

It is justified by a subsequent passage in which the clown recites from memory the words of this letter. Malore.

? Be opposite --] That is, be adrerse, bostile. An apposite, in the language cf our author's age, mcant an adversary. See & note on A, kichard III, Act V, sc. iv. To be opposite wiib was the phrascology of the time. So, in Sir T. Overbury's Cbaracter of a Precisian, 1616: "He will be sure to be in opposition with the papist,” &c. Malone.

- yellow stockings;) Before the civil wars, yellow stock. ings, were much womn. So, in D'Arenant's play, called Tbe Wits, Act IV, p. 208. Works fol. 1673:

" You said, my girl, Mary Queasie by name, did find your uncle's yellow stockings in a porringer; nay, and you said she stole them.” Percy.

So, Middleton and Rowley in their masque entitled The World lossod at Tennis, no date, where the {ve different coloured starches are introduced as striving for superiority, Yellow starch says to white:

since she cannot
“ Wear her own linen yellow, yet she shows

“ Her love to 't, and makes him wear j'ellos bose." Again, in Decker's Match me in Louulori, 1631:

because you wear " A kind of yellow stocking." Again, in his Honest. Whore, second part, 1630: “ What stockings have you put on this morning, madam? if they be not yellow, change them.” The yeomen attending the Earl of Arundel, Lord Windsor, and Mr. Fulke Greville, who assisted at an entertainment performed before Queen Elizabeth, on the Monday and Tuesday in Whitsun week, 1581, were dressed in pellow worsted stockings. The book from which I gather this information was published by Henry Goldwell, gents in the same year. Sterrens.


and wished to see theel ever cross-gertered:' I say, re member. Go to; thou art made, if thou desirest to be 80; if not, let me see thee a steward still, the fellow of ser. vants, and not worthy to touch fortune's fingers. Farewel. She that would alter services with thee,

The fortunate-unhappy. Day-light and champian discovers not more: this is open. I will be proud, I will read politic authors, I will baffle Sir Toby, I will wash off gross acquaintance, I will be point-de-vice, the very man.? I do not now

cross-gartered:] So, in The Lover's Melancboly, 1629:

“ As rare an old youth as ever walk'd cross-gartered.Again, in A Wornan 's a Weatbercock, 1612:

“ Yet let me say and swear, in a cross-garter,

“ Pauls never shew'd to eyes a lovelier quarter." Very rich garters were anciently worn below the knee. So, in Warner's Albion's England, B. IX, ch. 47:

Garters of listes; but now of silk, some edged deep

with gold." It appears, however, that the ancient Paritans affected this Fashion. Thus, Barton Holyday, speaking of the ill success of his TEXNOTAMIA, says:

“ Had there appear'd some sharp cross-garter'd man
“Whom their loud laugh might nick-name Puritan;
“ Cas'd up in factions breeches, and small ruffe ;
" That hates the surplice, and defies the cuffe.

“ Then," &c. In a former scene Malvolio was said to be an affecter of puri. tanism. Stoerens. 1 The fortunate-unhappy.

Day-light and chainpian discovers not more:] We should read_" The fortunate, and bappy." -Day-light and champian discovers not more: i. e. broad day and an open country cannot make things plainer. Warburton.

The folio, which is the only ancient copy of this play, reads, the fortunate-unbappy, and so I have printed it. I'be fortunate upbappy is the subscription of the letter. Steevens.

2-I will be point-de-vice, the very man,] This phrase is of French extraction-a points-devisez: Chaucer uses it in the Romaunt of the Rose:

“Her nose was wrought at point device.” i. e. with the utmost possible exactness. Again, in K. Edward 1, 1599:

“That we may have our garments point-device." Kastril, in The Alchemist, calls his sister Punk-device: and again, in The Tale of a Tub, Act III, sc. vii:

and if the dapper priest

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