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not so much as make water, but in a sink-a-pace.” What dost thou mean? is it a world to hide virtues in? I did think, by the excellent constitution of thy leg, it was formed under the star of a galliard.
Sir And. Ay, 'tis strong, and it does indifferent well in a flame-coloured stock. 3 Shall we set about some revels?
Sir To. What shall we do else? were we not born under Taurus?
Sir And. Taurus ? 4 that's sides and heart.
Sir To. No, sir; it is legs and thighs. Let me see thee caper: ha! higher: ha, ha!-excellent! [Exeunt.
A Room in the Duke's Palace.
Enter VALENTINE, and Viola in man's attire.
Val. If the duke continue these favours towards you, Cesario, you are like to be much advanced; he bath known you but three days, and already you are no stranger.
Ajax : «
The latter of these lines is borrowed by Swift in his Baucis and Philemon. Ritson.
a sink-a-pace.] i. e. a cinque-pace ; the name of a dance, the measures whereof are regulated by the number five. The word occurs elsewhere in our author. Sir 7. Hawkins. So, in Sir John Harrington's Anatomie of the Metamorphosed
the last verse disordered their mouthes, and was like a trick of xvir in a sinkapace.” Steevens.
- flame coloured stock.] The old copy reads—a dam'd coloured stock. Stockings were in Shakspeare's time called stocks. So, in Fack Drum’s Entertainment, 1601:
" Or would my silk stock should lose his gloss else." Again, in one of Heywood's Epigrams, 1562:
“ Thy upper stocks, be they stuft with silke or flocks,
“Never become thee like a nether paire of stocks." The same solicitude concerning the furniture of the legs makes part of master Stephen's character in Every Man in his Humour :
“ I think my leg would show well in a silk hose.” Steevens. The emendation was made by Mr. Pope. Malone.
4 Taurus ? that's sides and heart.] Alluding to the medical astrology still preserved in almanacks, which refers the affec. tions of particular parts of the body to the predominance of par. ricular constellations. Fohnson.
Vio. You either fear his humour, or my negligence,
Enter DUKE, CURIO, and Attendants,
Duke. Stand you awhile aloof.-Cesario,
Sure, my noble lord,
Duke. Be clamorous, and leap all civil bounds,
Vio. Say I do speak with her, my lord; What then?
Duke. O, then unfold the passion of my love,
Vio. I think not so my lord.
Dear lad, believe it;
I have unclasp'd To thee the book even of my secret soul:] So, in The first Part of K. Henry IV:
“And now I will unclasp a secret book.” Steevens. 6 — a woman's part.] That is, thy proper part in a play would be a woman's. Women were then personated by boys.
When least in company :-Prosper well in this,
I'll do my best,
A Room in Olivia's House.
Enter Maria, and Clown.$ Mar. Nay, either tell me where thou hast been, or I will not open my lips, so wide as a bristle may enter, in way of thy excuse: my lady will hang thee for thy absence.
Clo. Let her hang me: he, that is well hanged in this world, needs to fear no colours. 9
a barful strife!] i. e. a contest full of impediments.
Steevens. Ś Clown.] As this is the first Clown who makes his appearance in the plays of our author, it may not be amiss, from a pas. sage in Tarleton's News out of Purgatory, to point out one of the ancient dresses appropriated to the character: “ I saw one attired in russet, with a button'd cap on his head, a bag by his side, and a strong bat in his hand; so artificially attired for a clowne, as a I began to call Tarleton's woonted shape to remembrance." Steevens.
Such perhaps was the dress of the Clown in this comedy, in All's well that ends well, &c. The Clown, however, in Measure for Measure, (as an anonymous writer has observed) is only the tapster of a brothel, and probably was not so apparelled. Malone.
- fear no colours.] This expression frequently occurs in the old plays. So, in Ben Jonson's Sejanus. The persons conversing are Sejanus, and Eudemus the physician to the Princess Livia:
Sej. You minister to a royal lady then? “ Eud. She is, my lord, and fair.
Sej. That's understood “ Of all their sex, who are or would be so; " And those that would be, physick soon can make 'em: “For those that are, their beauties fear
no colours." Again, in The 7w0 üngry Women of Abingdon, 1599:
are you disposed, sir? “ Yes indeed: I fear no colours ; change sides, Richard."
Mar. Make that good.
Mar. A good lenten answer:1 I can tell thee where that saying was born, of, I fear no colours.
Clo. Where, good mistress Mary?
Mar. In the wars; and that may you be bold to say in your foolery.
Clo. Well, God give them wisdom, that have it; and those that are fools, let them use their talents.
Mar. Yet you will be hanged, for being so long absent: or, to be turned away;2 is not that as good as a hanging to you?
Clo. Many a good hanging prevents a bad marriage; and, for turning away, let summer bear it out.
Mar. You are resolute then?
Clo. Not so neither; but I am resolved on two points.
Mar. That, if one break, the other will hold; or, if both break, your gaskins fall.
lenten answer:] A lean, or as we now call it, a dry answer. Fohnson.
Surely a lenten answer, rather means a short and spare one, like the commons in Lent. So, in Hamlet: " - what lenten entertainment the players shall receive from you.” Steevens.
or, to be trern'd away;] The editor of the second folio omitted the word to, in which he has been followed by all subsequent editors. Malone. 3.
and, for turning away, let summer bear it out:] This seems to be a pun firom the nearness in the pronunciation of turning away and turning of whey.
I found this observation among some papers of the late Dr. Letherland, for the perusal of which, I am happy to have an opportunity of returning my particular thanks to Mr. Glover, the author of Medea and Leonidus, by whom, before, I had been obliged only in common with the rest of the world.
I am yet of opinion that this note, however specious, is wrong, the literal meaning being easy and apposite. For turning away, let summer bear it out. It is common for unsettled and vagrant serving-men, to grow negligent of their business towards summer; and the sense of the passage is: “If I am turned away, the advantages of the approaching summer will bear out, or support all the inconveniencies of dismission; for I shall find employment in every field, and lodging under every hedge.” Steevens.
- if one (point) break,] Points were metal hooks, fastened to the hose or breeches, (which had then no opening of
Clo. Apt, in good faith; very apt! Well, go thy way; if sir Toby would leave drinking, thou wert as witty a piece of Eve's flesh as any in Illyria.
Mar. Peace, you rogue, no more o' that; here comes my lady: make your excuse wisely, you were best.
[Exit. Enter OLIVIA, and MALVOLIO. Clo. Wit, and 't be thy will, put me into good fooling! Those wits, that think they have thee, do very oft prove fools; and I, that am sure I lack thee, may pass for a wise man: For what says Quinapalus? Better a witty fool, than a foolish wit.5. -God bless thee, lady!
Oli. Take the fool away.
Oli. Go to, you 're a dry fool; I'll no more of you: besides, you grow clishonest.
Clo. Two faults, Madonna, 6 that drink and good counsel will amend: for give the dry fool drink, then is the fool not dry ; bid the dishonest man mend himself; if he mend, he is no longer dishonest; if he cannot, let the botcher mend him: Any thing, that's mended, is but patch'd:7 virtue, that transgresses, is but patch'd with sin; and sin, that amends, is but patch'd with virtue: If that this simple syllogism will serve, so; if it will not, What remedy? As there is no true cuckold but calamity, so beauty 's a flower:
the lady bade take away the fool; therefore, I say again, take her away
Oli. Sir, I bade them take away you.
buttons) and going into straps or eyes fixed to the doublet, and thereby keeping the hose from falling down. Blackstone.
So, in King Henry IV, P. I: “ Their points being broken, down fell their hose.” Again, in Antony and Cleopatra:
mingle eyes “ With one that ties his points ?” Steevens. 5 — Better a witty foo!, than a foolish wit.] Hall, in his Chronicle, speaking of the death of Sir Thomas More, says: " that he knows not whether to call him a foolish wise man, or a wise foolish man Johnson.
Melonna,] Ital. mistress, dame. So La Madonna, by ly of pre-eminence, the Blessed Virgin. Steevens.
Any thing, that's men:led, is but patched ;) Alluding to 1.etched or particoloured garment of the fool. Malone.