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EDINBURGH:
PRINTED BY JOHN BROWN, ANCHOR CLOSE,

FOR THE PROPRIETORS,
AND SOLD BY ALL THE BOOKSELIERS IN THE UNITED KINGDOM.

1816.

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ENCYCLOPÆDIA PERTHENSIS.

S IN

S IN

SIMPSON, Professor, a younger brother of the I am pure from all fin with man. Tob. iii. 146

learned Dr R. SIMSON, with a memoir of 2. Habitual pegligence of religion.--Sin, death, whom we concluded our last volume. This gen- and hell, have set their marks upon him. Shak. tleman was profeffor of medicine in the university Sin-bred! how have ye troubled all mankind? of St Andrew's, and is famed for some works of

Milton. reputation; particularly a Dissertation on the Ner. The rank vapours of the fin-worn mould. vous System, occafioned by the Disleation of a

Milton. Brain completely Ofiified.

Is there no means, but that a fin-fick land * SIMULAR. R. f. [from fimulo, Latin.] One Should be let blood with such a boift'rous hand? that counterfeits.

Daniel. Thou perjurer, thou fimular of virtue, --Vice or virtue chiefly imply the relation of our That art incestuous.

Shak. actions to men; kin and holiness imply their re* SIMULATION. n. 1. (fimulation, French ; lation to God. Watts. Simulatio, from simulo, Latin.] That part of hy- Each affection of this fin-worn globe. Brooke. pocrify which pretends that to which is not 3. It is used by Shakespeare emphatically for a man Simulation is a vice rising of a natural falseness, or enormously wicked. fearfulnels; because a man must needs disguise, it

Thy ambition, maketh him practise fimulation. Bacon.—He well Thou scarlet fin, robb’d this bewailing land exprefled his love in an act and time of no hmula. Of noble Buckingham.

Sbak. tion towards his end, bequeathing her all his man. (2.) SIN. See THEOLOGY. fign-houses. Wotton.-Deceiving by actions, gel- (3.) Sin, the name of one of the chief Japanese tures, or behaviour, is called fimulation or hypo- Deities, in their ancient SINTOO Religion. cnly. South.

(4.) SIN, in geography, or Barbe-Sin, a kingSIMULTANEOUS. adj. (simultaneous, Lat. dom of Africa, in Senegal, extending about 21 Aating together; existing at ibe lame time.-Why miles along the coast, and abounding in rice, fruits, may not bullets, closely crowded in a box, move cotton, maize, &c. Jeal is the capital. by a like mutual and fimultaneous exchange? Glan- # TO SIN. v. n. (from the noun.] 1. To neville,

glect the laws of religion; to violate the laws of SIMULUS, an ancient Latin poet, who wrote religion.-Stand in awe and fin not. Pfalm iv. 4. a poem on the Turprian rock. Plut. in Rom. - Many also have finn's for women. Efdr. He

SIMYRA, an ancient town of Phænicia. Mall give him life for them that has not unto

(:.). SIN. n. f. [fyn, Saxon.] 1. An act death. i Joba, v. 16. 2. To offend against right. against the laws of God; a violation of the laws

I am a man, of religion.

More finn'd against than finning. Sbak. It is great fin to swear unto a fin,

And who but wishes to invert tbe laws But greater sin to keep a finful oath. Shak. Of order, fins against th' eternal cause. Pope. Being a divine, a ghostly confeffor,

SINA See Sinai, A fa abfolver.

Sbak. SINE, an ancient people of India, reckoned But those that neep, and think not on their by Ptolemy the most eastern nation in the world Jins,

SINAI, or Sina, a famous mountain of Arabia Pinch them.

Shak., Petræa upon which God gave the law to Mofes. VOL. XXI. PART 1

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It stands in a kind of peninsula, formed by the sis; 4. BRASSICATA; 5. CERNUA; 6. CHINES. two arms of the Red Sea, one of which stretches sis; 9. ERUCOIDES; 8. HISPANICA; 9. JAPO. cutiowards the N. and is called the Gulpb of Kol. NICA; 10. INCANA ; 11. JUNCEA ; 12. LÆVIGAsün; the other extends towards the E. called the TA; 13. MILLEFOLIA; 14. NIGRA ; 15. ORIENGulph of E'an, or the Elanitish Sra. At this day talis; 16. PUBESCENS; and 19. PYRENAICA, the Arabians call Mount Sijai by the name of Of these, 3 are natives of Britain : viz. Tor. i. e, the mountain, by way of excellence; or 1. SINAPIS ALBA, wbite mustard, is generally Gibel or Jibel Mousa, the mountain of Moses. It cultivated as a salad herb for winter and spring is 260 miles froin Cairo, and generally it requires ufe. This rises with a branched hairy stalk two a journey of ten days to travel thither. The wii. feet high; the leaves are deeply jagged on their dlerness of Sinai, where the lfraelites continued edges and rough. The Rowers are disposed in ancamped for almost a year, and where Mofes e- loose spikes at the end of the branches, landing rected the tabernacle of the covenant, is consider. upon horizontal foot talks ; they have fout yellow ably elevated above the rest of the country; and petals in form of a cross, which are succeeded by the ascent to it is by a very craggy way, ihe great- hairy pods, that end with long, compresied, obest part of which is cut out of the rock; then one lique beaks; the pods generally contain four white comes to a large space of grourd, which is a plain seeds. furrounded on all sides by jocks and eminences, 2. SINAPIS ARVENSIS, grows naturally on awhofe length is nearly 12 miles. Towards the rable land in many parts of Britain. The feed of extremity of this plain, on the north side, two this is commonly fold under the title of Durham Bigh mountains how thonfelves, the highest of mustard seed. Of this there are two varieties, if not which is called Sinai and the other Loreb. The diftin&t fpecies ; the one with cut, the other with topa od lureb and Sinai have a very feep afcent, entire leaves. The stalks rise two feet high ; the and do not Rand upon much ground, in compa- leaves are rough ; in the one they are jagged like rison to their extraordinary height: that of Sinai turnip-leaves, in the other they are long and enis it kalt one 3d part liigher than the other, and tire. The flowers are yellow; the pods are tur. jis attent is more ppright and difficult. Two Ger. gid, angular, and have long beaks. :320 miles and a lialf up the mountain stands the 3. SINAPIS NIGRA, common mustard, which is crinvent of St Catharine. The body of this mo. frequently found growing naturally in many parts Battery is a building 120 feet in length and almost of Britain, but is also cultivated in fields for the 5 manşin breadth. Before it stands another small seed, of which the sauce called mustard is made. f'uiding, in which is the only gate of the con- This rises with a branching Atalk 4 or 5 feet high ; vent, which remains always shut, except when the lower leaves are large, rough, and very like the bishop is here. At other times, whatever is those of turnip; the upper leaves are smaller and in:roduced within the convent, whether men or less jagged. The flowers are small, yellow, and provisions, is drawn up by the roof in a basket, grow in fpiked clufters at the end of the branches; and with a cord and a pulley. The whole build they have four petals placed in form of a cross, ing is of hewn stone; which in such a defert, and are succeededby smooth four-cornered pods.must have coit prodigious expence. Near this Mustard, by its acrimony and pungency, ftimu. chapel issues a fountain of very good fresh water. lates the folids, and attenuates viscid juices, and Tive or fix paces from it they fhow a fone, the hence stands deservedly recommended for exciting height of vhich is 4 or 5 feet, and breadth about appetite, aflifting digestion, promoting the Ruid Ihree, which, they say, is the very stone wher.ce fecretions, and for the other purposes of the acrid Mofes cautzl the water to gush out. I:s colour plants called ANTISCORBUTIC. It imparts its is of a spotted grey, and it is as it were set in a talte and finell in perfection to aqueous liquors, kind of earth, where no other roek appears. This and by diftilation with water yields an effential tone has 12 holes or channels, which are about a oil of great acrimony. To rectified fpirit its feeds foot wide, whence it is thought the water came give out very little either of their smell or tafte. forth for:he Ifraeli!esto drink. Much has been taid Subjected to the press, they yield a considerable of the writings to be foon at Sinai and in the plain quantity of mild insipid oil, which is as free from about it; and hopes were entertained of discove-acrimory as that of almonds. They are applied ries respecting the wanderings of the Ifraelites as an external stimulant to benumbed or paraly. from these writings. But the accurate Danish tic limbs; to parts aftected with fixed rheumatic traveller, Niebuhr, found no writings there but pains; and to the foles of the feet, in the low the names of persons who had visited the place itage of acute diseases, for railing the pulse : in froin curiosity, and of Egyptians who had chosen this intention, a mixture of equal parts of the to be buried in that region. See MOUNTAIN, Ś 20. powdered seeds and crumb of bread, with the ad

SINAPIS, MUSTARD, in botany, a genus of dition sometimes of a little bruised garlic, are plants belonging to the class of tetradgnamia, and made into a cataplasm with a fufficient quantity to the order of siliquosa ; and in the natural fyf- of vinegar. tem langed under ine 39th order, Siliquosa. The SINAPISM, n. s. [from Sinapis), in pharmacy, calyx conlists of four expanding strap thaped de- an external medicine, in form of a catapiasm, comciduous leaves; the ungues or bases of the petals posed chiefly of mustard-feed pulverized, and Oare straight"; ewo glandules between the shorter ther ingredients mentioned in the laft article, $ 3. ftamina and piftillum, also between the longer SINBACH, or SIMPACH, a town of Lower Baand the calyx. There are 17 species :

varia: 5 miles S. of Landau, and 9 ESE. of Diw1. SINAPIS ALBA ; 2. ALLIONI; 3. ARVEN. gelingen.

(1~-3.) SIN.

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