Still Stuck in Traffic: Coping with Peak-Hour Traffic Congestion

Voorkant
Brookings Institution Press, 22 jun. 2005 - 472 pagina's

Congested roads waste commuters' time, cost them money, and degrade the environment. Most Americans agree that traffic congestion is the major problem in their communities—and it only seems to be getting worse. In this revised and expanded edition of his landmark work Stuck in Traffic, Anthony Downs examines the benefits and costs of various anticongestion strategies. Drawing on a significant body of research by transportation experts and land-use planners, he counters environmentalists and road lobbyists alike by explaining why seemingly simple solutions, such as expanding public transit or expanding roads, have unintended consequences that cancel out their apparent advantages. He argues that while there might be some measurable gains from increasing housing densities, most other land-use strategies have little effect. Indeed, the most powerful solutions, including higher gasoline taxes, increased public funding for transit, and highway tolls, are also the least palatable politically. St ill Stuck in Traffic contains new material on the causes of congestion, its dynamics, and its relative incidence in various parts of the country. In clear and realistic terms, Downs seeks to explore why traffic congestion has become part of modern American life and how it can be kept under control.

 

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Inhoudsopgave

Introduction
1
The Benefits of PeakHour Traffic Congestion
5
How Bad Is Traffic Congestion?
14
Causes of Recent Increases in PeakHour Traffic Congestion
37
Incidents and Accidents as Causes of Congestion
61
Strategies for Reducing Congestion and Four Basic Principles of Traffic
76
Reducing IncidentCaused Congestion
91
Increasing RoadCarrying Capacity
101
Concentrating Jobs in Large Clusters
245
Local Growth Management Policies
258
Traffic Congestion around the World
272
Regional Anticongestion Policies
298
Summary and Conclusions
321
The Dynamics of Traffic Congestion
355
Graphic Analysis of PeakHour Road Pricing
368
Translating Gross Residential Densities into Net Residential Densities
371

Creating More Public Transit Capacity
117
PeakHour and Other Road Pricing
152
DemandSide Behavioral Tactics
180
Remedies That Increase Densities
200
Changing the JobsHousing Balance
228
A Spatial Model for Simulating Changes
375
Clustering HighDensity Housing Near Transit Stops
390
Notes
403
Index
443
Copyright

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Over de auteur (2005)

Anthony Downs is a senior fellow in the Economic Studies Program at the Brookings Institution. His specialties are housing, real estate, real estate finance, metropolitan planning, demographics, and transportation. His books include New Visions for Metropolitan America (Brookings/Lincoln Institute for Land Policy, 1994), and Still Stuck in Traffic: Coping with Peak-Hour Traffic Congestion (Brookings, 2004).

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