Local Democracy and Development: The Kerala People's Campaign for Decentralized Planning
In this definitive history, a key figure in the People's Campaign in Kerala provides an insider's account of one of the world's most extensive and successful experiments in decentralization. Launched in 1996, the campaign mobilized over 3 million of Kerala's 30 million people and resulted in bottom-up development planning in all 1,052 of its villages and urban neighborhoods. The authors detail the background of the campaign, trace its stages, assess problems and successes, and evaluate concrete results and reforms.
Local Democracy and Development tells a powerful story of mass mobilization and innovation as bureaucratic opposition was overcome, corruption and cynicism were rooted out, and parliamentary democracy prevailed. Considering both the theoretical and applied significance of the campaign both in the context of India's development since independence and of recent international debates about decentralization, civil society, and empowerment, this study provides invaluable lessons for sustainable development worldwide.
Decentralization Democracy and Development The Kerala Experiment
Behind the Campaign Political Vision Civil Society and the Kerala Model
Phase 1 The Grama SabhasIdentifying Local Needs
Phase 2 PDRs and SeminarsWhat Is to Be Done?
Phase 3 Task Forces Prepare the Projects
Phase 4 Elected Councils Formulate the Plans
Phase 5 Planning Up Instead of DownThe Blocks and Districts
Taking Stock The First Years Local Plans 19971998
The Great Laboratory
From Experiment to Institution The Plans and the Campaign 19982001
The Long March Ahead
The Kerala Experiment in International Perspective
About the Authors
From Peoples Planning to Plan Implementation