Cultures and Organizations: Software of the Mind
McGraw-Hill, 1 jan. 1997 - 279 pagina's
Now for the first time in paperback, Geert Hofstede's classic study of the "software of the mind" helps us look at how we think - and also at how we fail to think as members of groups. Drawing on decades of rigorous research, the author reveals the unexamined rules by which we live and work together. Melding unswerving intellectual courage and hard social, cultural, and organizational research, Hofstede shapes a sobering picture of a world perilously lacking in self-knowledge - unaware of serious differences between the groups that populate our planet and appallingly oblivious to the hidden "programs" that govern the behavior of cultures in a time of skyrocketing global contact. But culture shock - whether the shocking contact is between an individual and a new country, between organizations, between the sexes, or between opposing diplomats - can be turned to our advantage, Hofstede says - if we understand it. And understanding is what this work is all about.
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American anxiety behavior boss Chapter Chinese collectivism collectivist collectivist society Confucian Confucius corporation correlated country scores country's cultural differences culture shock described dimension Dutch economic environment example expatriates factor feel feminine cultures Finland foreign French gender gender roles Germany HGBV Hofstede Hong Kong human IBM data IBM studies individualism individualist societies ingroup INSEAD intercultural encounters IRIC Japan language large power distance learning masculine means mental programs mental software Michael Bond migrants national cultures Netherlands Nordic countries norm occupations one's organization organizational cultures orientation parents person political population power distance countries problems questionnaire questions relationship rituals role rules small power distance social South Korea statistical stress strong uncertainty avoidance structure survey Sweden Table teachers traditional uncertainty avoidance countries units versus weak uncertainty avoidance Western women