Cathars in Question

Voorkant
Antonio Sennis
Boydell & Brewer, 2016 - 332 pagina's
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Cathars have long been regarded as posing the most organised challenge to orthodox Catholicism in the medieval West, even as a "counter-Church" to orthodoxy in southern France and northern Italy. Their beliefs, understood to be inspired by Balkan dualism, are often seen as the most radical among medieval heresies. However, recent work has fiercely challenged this paradigm, arguing instead that "Catharism" is a construct, mis-named and mis-represented by generations of scholars, and its supposedly radical views were a fantastical projection of the fears of orthodox commentators. This volume brings together a wide range of views from some of the most distinguished international scholars in the field, in order to address the debate directly while also opening up new areas for research. Focussing on dualism and anti-materialist beliefs in southern France, Italy and the Balkans, it considers a number of crucial issues. These include: what constitutes popular belief; how (and to what extent) societies of the past were based on the persecution of dissidents; and whether heresy can be seen as an invention of orthodoxy. At the same time, the essays shed new light on some key aspects of the political, cultural, religious and economic relationships between the Balkans and more western regions of Europe in the Middle Ages. Antonio Sennis is Senior Lecturer in Medieval History at University College London Contributors: John H. Arnold, Peter Biller, Caterina Bruschi, David d'Avray, Jörg Feuchter, Bernard Hamilton, R.I. Moore, Mark Gregory Pegg, Rebecca Rist, Lucy J. Sackville, Antonio Sennis, Claire Taylor, Julien Théry-Astruc, Yuri Stoyanov
 

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Inhoudsopgave

1 Questions about the Cathars
1
2 The Paradigm of Catharism or the Historians Illusion
21
3 The Cathar Middle Ages as a Methodological and Historiographical Problem
53
Localism and Resistance to Roman Clericalism
79
Local Holy Men and Women or Organized Religious Group? New Evidence from Inquisitorial Notarial and Historiographical Sources
112
6 Cathar Links with the Balkans and Byzantium
131
7 Pseudepigraphic and Parabiblical Narratives in Medieval Eastern Christian Dualism and their Implications for the Study of Catharism
151
8 The Cathars from NonCatholic Sources
177
Ranier Sacconi Explains Cathars
185
Moneta of Cremonas Cathars
208
Heretics and Heresy in Papal Correspondence
229
An Alternative to Cathars?
242
The Debate of April 2013 in Retrospect
257
14 Goodbye to Catharism?
274
Index
314
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