Afghanistan: The Soviet Invasion in Perspective
Hoover Press, 1985 - 157 pagina's
On December 27, 1979, the USSR invaded Afghanistan to save an endangered communist regime. The People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan, founded in 1965 but almost immediately riven into two hostile wings, had been induced by Moscow into unifying in 1977 in order to seize power the following year. Within weeks, however, the majority Khalqi faction had driven out the rival Parchamis, only to discover that its rigid Marxism-Leninism was no match for Islam. As the Khalqi position deteriorated, Moscow thought to regain control by forceful replacement of the PDPA leaders with Parchamis. Instead, their invasion only consolidated popular determination to eject an alien ideology. In Afghanistan's Two-Party Communism, Anthony Arnold brings these dramatic developments to life, examining Parcham and Khalq in the context of the cultural, ethnic, and class factors that distinguish their leaders and separate constituencies. He analyzes the PDPA's development through 1982 and closes with speculation on the degree of Soviet commitment to communism in Afghanistan. Written in a lively, penetrating style, yet with a wealth of detail and analysis, Arnold's book reflects the intimate feel for the country that he acquired while serving there. His multilingual source material includes hitherto classified documents, and the appendixes (biographic sketches of PDPA leaders, translations of key party documents, charts of party and state personnel changes) will provide valuable sources for other researchers.
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Prelude to Invasion SeptemberDecember 1979
Occupation Politics The Internal Dimension 19801984
Occupation Politics The External Dimension 19801984
US Policy Before and After
Abdur Rahman activities Afghanistan Forum Newsletter Afghanistan's Two-Party Communism agreement Amanullah ambassador American Universities Field Amin Amin's appeared April arms assassination Babrak Babrak Karmal Basmachi border British Bukhara Central Asia Central Committee communist coup December Democratic Durand Line economic fact Field Staff Report forces Ghulam Nabi Habibullah Hafizullah Amin Ibid ideological insurgents Iran Islamic June Kabul Khalq Kremlin leaders leftist Louis Dupree Maiwandwal March ment million minister Modern Afghanistan Moscow mujahideen Nader Shah November numbers Nur Mohammed Taraki NWFP occupation October official Pakistan Parcham Parcham and Khalq party Pashtun Pashtunistan PDPA percent political Press pro-Soviet propaganda Qader Red Flag—Part regime resistance Russian September September 16 South Asia Series Sovetsko-afganskiye otnosheniya Soviet control Soviet invasion Soviet military Soviet troops Soviet Union Staff Report AUFS strategic Taraki territory tion U.S. policy United Universities Field Staff USSR Vinogradov West World
Pagina 1 - The policy and practice of the Russian government has always been to push forward its encroachments as fast and as far as the apathy or want of firmness of other governments would allow it to go; but always to stop and retire when it was met with decided resistance and then to wait for the next favorable opportunity.
Pagina 79 - The High Contracting Parties, acting in the spirit of the traditions of friendship and good-neighbourliness as well as the UN Charter, shall consult each other and take by agreement appropriate measures to ensure the security, independence, and territorial integrity of the two countries.
Pagina 2 - Iron Amir"), looking back on his twenty years of rule and the events of the past century, wondered how his country, which stood "like a goat between these lions [Britain and Tsarist Russia] or a grain of wheat between two strong millstones of the grinding mill, [could] stand in the midway of the stones without being ground to dust?
Pagina 12 - Moslem state in the world, and fate sends the Afghan people the great historic task of uniting about itself all enslaved Mohammedan peoples and leading them on the road to freedom and independence. Then as to Great Britain : "The Workers
Pagina 51 - The main issue of contemporary times and the center of class struggle on a worldwide basis, which began with the Great October Socialist Revolution, is the struggle between international socialism and international imperialism.
Pagina 156 - Henry Bradsher, Afghanistan and the Soviet Union (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1983), chs.
Pagina 148 - Big Gamble": Part II — The Economic and Strategic Aspects of Soviet Aid, American Universities Field Staff Report (AUFS), South Asia Series, vol.
Pagina 159 - Richard F. Staar, ed., Yearbook on International Communist Affairs (Stanford: Hoover Institution Press, 1984), p.
Pagina 153 - Anthony Arnold, Afghanistan's Two-Party Communism: Parcham and Khalq (Stanford: Hoover Institution Press, 1983), Appendix A, pp.