Afghanistan: The Soviet Invasion in Perspective

Voorkant
Hoover Press, 1985 - 126 pagina's
4 Recensies
On December 27, 1979, the USSR invaded Afghanistan to save an endangered communist regime. The People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan, founded in 1965 but almost immediately riven into two hostile wings, had been induced by Moscow into unifying in 1977 in order to seize power the following year. Within weeks, however, the majority Khalqi faction had driven out the rival Parchamis, only to discover that its rigid Marxism-Leninism was no match for Islam. As the Khalqi position deteriorated, Moscow thought to regain control by forceful replacement of the PDPA leaders with Parchamis. Instead, their invasion only consolidated popular determination to eject an alien ideology. In Afghanistan's Two-Party Communism, Anthony Arnold brings these dramatic developments to life, examining Parcham and Khalq in the context of the cultural, ethnic, and class factors that distinguish their leaders and separate constituencies. He analyzes the PDPA's development through 1982 and closes with speculation on the degree of Soviet commitment to communism in Afghanistan. Written in a lively, penetrating style, yet with a wealth of detail and analysis, Arnold's book reflects the intimate feel for the country that he acquired while serving there. His multilingual source material includes hitherto classified documents, and the appendixes (biographic sketches of PDPA leaders, translations of key party documents, charts of party and state personnel changes) will provide valuable sources for other researchers.
 

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Inhoudsopgave

The Historical Setting
1
The First Twenty Years 19191939
8
World War II and Its Aftermath 19401953
24
The Soviet Drive for Economic Penetration 19531963
32
The Drive for Political Control 1 Democratic Political Influence 19631973
45
The Drive for Political Control 2 Political Manipulation 19731978
55
The Drive for Political Control 3 Rule by Communist Party Proxy May 1978August 1979
67
Prelude to Invasion SeptemberDecember 1979
85
Occupation Politics The Internal Dimension 19801984
96
Occupation Politics The External Dimension 19801984
112
US Policy Before and After
128
Notes
143
Selected Bibliography
165
Index
173
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