Disposal Options for Ships, Issue 1377
Ronald Wayne Hess
Rand, 2001 - Political Science - 148 pages
This book identifies and evaluates options for the disposal of U.S. Navy andU.S. Maritime Administration (MARAD) ships. Four options are considered:long-term storage, domestic recycling, overseas recycling, and reefing(i.e., the sinking of ships to build artificial reefs). The authorsexamined the use of private and public U.S. shipyards, internationalorganizations, and partnerships between U.S. and foreign companies. Thestudy took applicable environmental and worker health and safety regulationsinto account to arrive at estimates of the costs, benefits, capacities,capabilities, feasibility, and risks associated with each option. It foundthat the Navy and MARAD should exploit the experience gained in the Navy_songoing Ship Disposal Program and the recently initiated MARAD program todispose of poor-condition ships in the inventory. Such a strategy wouldreduce the current risk of ship sinking or other notable environmentaldamage., At the same time, this study also found that both agencies shouldinitiate coordinated discussions with the Environmental Protection Agency(EPA) and other coastal regulatory authorities to develop standards forreefing that will make it a viable, long-term option for disposing of asmany of the 358 ships in the current inactive fleet as possible. The Navyand MARAD should not opt for overseas recycling; such a program wouldinvolve many impediments and difficulties. Neither should they opt forlong-term storage, which entails high and uncertain costs and only defers,rather than solves, the problem of disposing of the ships.
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Disposal Options for Ships by Ronald W. Hess, Michael V. Hynes ...
This book identifies and evaluates options for the disposal of US Navy and US Maritime Administration ships
www.questia.com/ library/ book/ disposal-options-for-ships-by-ronald-w-hess-michael-v-hynes-john-e-peters-denis-rushwor...
Disposal Options for Ships
The US Navy and the US Maritime Administration (MARAD) together preside over a fleet of some 450 retired naval vessels and merchant ships that grows each ...
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Disposal Options for Ships (RAND) doi:10.1222/0833030140
Disposal Options for Ships Author(s): Ron Hess, Denis Rushworth, Michael V. Hynes, John E. Peters DOI: 10.1222/0833030140 Binding: trade paper ...
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Artificial Reefs: A Disposal Option for Navy and MARAD Ships
*Ron Hess et al., Disposal Options for Ships (Santa Monica: RAND, 2000, p. 79). Reefing. There are more than 300 Navy and MARAD ships that a reef-building ...
www.rand.org/ pubs/ documented_briefings/ 2005/ DB391.pdf
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Disposal Options for Ships. Ron Hess, Denis Rushworth,. Michael V. Hynes, John E. Peters. PREPUBLICATION. COPY. Page 2. R. Disposal Options for Ships ...
sdoceans.org/ pdfs/ S2R%20Disposal.pdf
livre disposal options for ships, dechets, edition lavoisier
livre dechets : by examining the use of us shipyards and international organizations and partnerships, this study evaluates the options for the disposal of ...
www.lavoisier.fr/ notice/ frWDOKRO2EO2Z2SO.html