Creationism and Its Critics in Antiquity

Voorkant
University of California Press, 2008 - 291 pagina's
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The world is configured in ways that seem systematically hospitable to life forms, especially the human race. Is this the outcome of divine planning or simply of the laws of physics? Ancient Greeks and Romans famously disagreed on whether the cosmos was the product of design or accident. In this book, David Sedley examines this question and illuminates new historical perspectives on the pantheon of thinkers who laid the foundations of Western philosophy and science. Versions of what we call the "creationist" option were widely favored by the major thinkers of classical antiquity, including Plato, whose ideas on the subject prepared the ground for Aristotle's celebrated teleology. But Aristotle aligned himself with the anti-creationist lobby, whose most militant members-the atomists-sought to show how a world just like ours would form inevitably by sheer accident, given only the infinity of space and matter. This stimulating study explores seven major thinkers and philosophical movements enmeshed in the debate: Anaxagoras, Empedocles, Socrates, Plato, the atomists, Aristotle, and the Stoics.
  

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Inhoudsopgave

Anaxagoras
1
ANAXAGORASS COSMOLOGY
8
THE POWER OF NOUS
11
SUN AND MOON
13
WORLDS AND SEEDS
14
NOUS AS CREATOR
20
SCIENTIFIC CREATIONISM
25
Empedocles
31
IS THE WORLD PERFECT?
113
THE ORIGIN OF SPECIES
127
The Atomists
133
THE EPICUREAN CRITIQUE OF CREATIONISM
139
THE EPICUREAN ALTERNATIVE TO CREATIONISM
150
EPICUREAN INFINITY
155
Aristotle
167
THE CRAFT ANALOGY
173

THE DOUBLE ZOOGONY
33
CREATIONIST DISCOURSE
52
DESIGN AND ACCIDENT
60
Socrates
75
SOCRATES IN XENOPHON
78
SOCRATES IN PLATO S PHAEDO
86
A HISTORICAL SYNTHESIS
89
Plato
93
INTRODUCING THE TIMAEUS
95
AN ACT OF CREATION?
98
DIVINE CRAFTSMANSHIP
107
NECESSITY
181
FORTUITOUS OUTCOMES
186
COSMIC TELEOLOGY
194
ARISTOTLES PLATONISM
203
The Stoics
205
A WINDOW ON STOIC THEOLOGY
210
APPROPRIATING SOCRATES
212
APPROPRIATING PLATO
225
WHOSE BENEFIT?
231
A Galenic Perspective
239
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